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What were the causes of the Industrial Revolution?

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Alan Xiao 3R What were the causes of the Industrial Revolution? The Industrial revolution was a big change in the way people worked and goods produced. It began around 1775 in Britain and spread to Belgium, Germany, northern Italy, and France, and after 1850 to Japan and the USA. Machines in huge factories replaced the craft workers who used to make all kind of goods slowly, one by one, at home. People had to learn new jobs operating machines that could mass-produce very large quantities of clothes, shoes, paper, metal and wooden goods more quickly and cheaply than the hand workers could. So by 1900, most goods were made in factories. Compared with in 1750, most goods were made in small workshops or at home. This meant that the goods couldn't be mass produced and that they were made in small quantities. So that the idea was wide spread and no one would buy it. Also it couldn't be further developed if less people knew about it. The new industries made inventors and factory owners very rich indeed. The new industries also helped ordinary people as well, since many were poor, hungry and unemployed. Thousands left the countryside to live in fast, growing factory towns. ...read more.


Normally rich businessman would invest in these ideas. If the idea made profit, then the businessman would end up richer. The most famous entrepreneur is Richard Arkwright. He is credited with a list of inventions, but these were actually developed by people such as Thomas Highs and John Kay. Arkwright nurtured the inventors, patented the ideas, financed the initiatives, and protected the machines. He created the cotton mill which brought the production processes together in a factory, and he developed the use of power, first horse power and then water power which made cotton manufacture a mechanised industry. Before long steam power was applied to drive textile machinery. I chose Entrepreneurs and Innovation as my main cause of the Industrial Revolution because Innovation helped develop machines which would develop factories selling these products, giving people jobs, improving how things could be done, thus improving the future. These ideas would develop. The Entrepreneurs were important as the Inventors since they needed each other, because the Entrepreneurs financed the Inventors' inventions. Without the Entrepreneurs, the Inventors couldn't mass produce and wide spread their ideas and inventions. So these 2 are the main causes of the Industrial Revolution. ...read more.


The British Empire was growing; goods were shipped from the empire to Britain to supply factories. Both these causes didn't have much effect on the British Empire since farming only produced food which was no change and the Empire only supplied unnecessary materials since most materials were from Britain itself, e.g. coal Government didn't play a big role in this industrial change, since the people said that it would be better if the government wouldn't interfere with the business people. By 1850 British merchants could trade freely. Merchants made their money from trade with the empire investing in them. This wasn't a big cause since I think that the Entrepreneurs were the ones who made big profits, since they invested in the industries. The government only invested in the merchants. There were many causes of the Industrial Revolution. This essay has just mentioned a few of the causes. I think that the most important factors though are the increase in Entrepreneurs and Innovation. I think the Entrepreneurs and Innovation is important because without these people, none of the other factors are possible. Even with the people, if there is no money from the Entrepreneurs to fund a project then the ideas cannot be put into practice and therefore the country cannot advance technologically. ...read more.

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