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What were the key effects of the UN partition plan up to 1956?

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Introduction

What were the key effects of the UN partition plan up to 1956? In May 1947, the UN Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) was set up by the United Nations as a way to take control of the situation in Palestine. Jewish immigration was on the rise, and continued, after the Second World War ended in 1945. In August 1947, UNSCOP voted that once the British mandate should end, Palestine would be partitioned into both a Jewish and Arab state and that Jerusalem would be located in an international zone controlled by the UN. Thus, the UN partition plan was set up on November 29th, 1947. After the publication of the partition plan, fighting between the Arabs and Jews grew worse. The UN partition plan led to great divergence and dispute in the Middle East and eventually resulted in the War of Independence, as well as great numbers of Palestinian Arab refugees, and ultimately the Suez Crisis in 1956. ...read more.

Middle

Disagreement between the two states increased conflict, and fighting began almost as soon as the plan was approved, starting with the Arab Jerusalem Riots of 1947. Soon after, soldiers from Syria and Iraq started to cross into Palestine to assist the Arabs, and the Haganah organized Jewish defence forces in preparation for war. Another effect of the UN partition plan, as a result of the unfair land distribution, was the 1948 War. Once the state of Israel was created, the Arab states refused to recognise its right to exist, and instead chose to believe that Zionists had overrun Palestine and that Israel should be destroyed. On May 14th, 1948, Israeli Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, declared independence and Israel announced itself as an independent nation, one day before the British mandate over Palestine was due to expire. Immediately, forces from the Arab states of Egypt, Transjordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon invaded and captured east Jerusalem in an effort to delay the creation of the Jewish state. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is believed by the Palestinians that the Jews purposely terrorized them into leaving so that they could take their land to complete the new Jewish state. Refugee camps in neighbouring Arab countries soon became bases for Palestinian Arabs who wished to fight the Jews and win their homeland back, and they won the support of President Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt. Overall the UN partition plan led to, and increased, conflict within the Middle East. Hundreds of thousands of people have died, lost their homes, and fought for a place to live. The outcomes of the partition plan range in importance, from the Creation of Israel, one of the main roots of the conflict, to the 1948 War, to the hundreds of thousands of refugees still spread over the Middle East. The decision made by the UN to create the state of Israel was and is one of the main reasons for dispute between the Arabs and Jews today, and the cause of the wars that have been and are yet to come. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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