• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the key features of the First Arab-Israeli War (1948/9)?

Extracts from this document...


Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the First Arab-Israeli War (1948/9)? After David Ben-Gurion announced the new state of Israel on the 14th May 1948, the Arabs had a simmering discontent towards the Jews. Tension between the two neighbouring states had been building for some time. Many Arabs were frustrated that the Jews had integrated into their country, and had begun to push them out, with their tactic of ?Plan Dalet.? Many conflicts had occurred along the borders, with Deir Yassin shocking the nation, in April 1948; whereby 105 Arabs civilians were killed with 35 being injured. ...read more.


Therefore, the Jews used weapons from the British mandate which had been left, captured Arab equipment and smuggled in Czechoslovakian arms. Furthmore, the Israelis had 60,000 Haganah forces, which were well trained, by the head of the army Yigael Yadin. This enabled the Israelis to fight back, in which they began capturing vast quantities of the land. In October, the Israelis managed to take all of Galilee, and had pushed the Egyptians into the Sinai desert and the Palestinian Arabs into the Gaza Strip. The United Nations called for a cease-fire which was signed in the summer of 1949. ...read more.


However, this war did reveal a pattern of future conflicts due to there being no fixed borders, in which Israel would have to be ready for. Therefore Israel made it compulsory for all Israeli civilians to be trained for the Army, spending twenty percent of the budget on weapons. The ?catastrophe? killed 6,000 Jews, forcing 800,000 Arabs to leave Israel. This caused huge refugee problems, for neighbouring Arab countries, in which the Fedayeen were formed or ?freedom fighters.? In 1950, the law of return gave every Jew the right to return to Israel. Tension between the two states was building once more. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The refugees took manual labour in cities, but the camps drained funds of the areas in which they were set up. This mass of refugees was caused by the war, and also attributed to settlement. There were several peace agreements from both sides in the 1990s.

  2. How did the Village of Deir Yassin come to be Fought Over in 1948 ...

    In the war, Jews had fought alongside the Allies and believed that more Jews should be let into Palestine. Although there were 240,000 requests for entrance into the area, the British were worried about the locals' reaction and continued to only allow the quota number in.

  1. Deng and the Gang of Four

    which had led to the gradual implementation of a market economy and some political liberalization that relaxed the system set up by Mao Zedong. Some students and intellectuals believed that the reforms had not gone far enough and that China needed to reform its political system.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    The USA had introduced the first atomic bomb in 1945 and by 1949 the USSR had its own atomic bomb. This seemed to make both superpowers more eager to build even better nuclear weapons such as the hydrogen bombs in 1952 and 1953.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Détente was dead by the beginning of 1980, after the invasion of Afghanistan. ________________ The USA saw that a Soviet occupied Afghanistan would threaten India and Pakistan, as part of the domino theory. Soviet control of Western oil supply was large and during the five years of the Soviet invasion, relations weakened.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    Impact * US had an interest in China and had provided military aid and financial support to Chiang Kai-Shek. The "loss" of China to communism at a time when the US was focused on containing Communism was a severe blow * Harliners wanted to know where the policy failed *

  1. How did the relations between the Arabs and the Jews change between 1919 and ...

    The Arabs saw Jewish immigration as a grave injustice and a sign that the British were favouring the Jews. As a result, the Arabs not only began a general strike, refusing to cooperate with the Jews or the British but there were

  2. What was the nature of the Apartheid State?

    The apartheid affected the life?s of the Blacks immensely. There were many consequences such as the losing of their freedom and having a poorer quality of life. They had to carry pass books wherever they went to proved who they were and where they lived. If they failed to do so, they would be sent to prison.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work