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What were the key features of the First Arab-Israeli War (1948/9)?

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Introduction

Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the First Arab-Israeli War (1948/9)? After David Ben-Gurion announced the new state of Israel on the 14th May 1948, the Arabs had a simmering discontent towards the Jews. Tension between the two neighbouring states had been building for some time. Many Arabs were frustrated that the Jews had integrated into their country, and had begun to push them out, with their tactic of ?Plan Dalet.? Many conflicts had occurred along the borders, with Deir Yassin shocking the nation, in April 1948; whereby 105 Arabs civilians were killed with 35 being injured. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore, the Jews used weapons from the British mandate which had been left, captured Arab equipment and smuggled in Czechoslovakian arms. Furthmore, the Israelis had 60,000 Haganah forces, which were well trained, by the head of the army Yigael Yadin. This enabled the Israelis to fight back, in which they began capturing vast quantities of the land. In October, the Israelis managed to take all of Galilee, and had pushed the Egyptians into the Sinai desert and the Palestinian Arabs into the Gaza Strip. The United Nations called for a cease-fire which was signed in the summer of 1949. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, this war did reveal a pattern of future conflicts due to there being no fixed borders, in which Israel would have to be ready for. Therefore Israel made it compulsory for all Israeli civilians to be trained for the Army, spending twenty percent of the budget on weapons. The ?catastrophe? killed 6,000 Jews, forcing 800,000 Arabs to leave Israel. This caused huge refugee problems, for neighbouring Arab countries, in which the Fedayeen were formed or ?freedom fighters.? In 1950, the law of return gave every Jew the right to return to Israel. Tension between the two states was building once more. ...read more.

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