• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the key features of the Suez War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the Suez War (1956)? After constant bombardments there was a growing discontent between Israel and the Arabs, in particular Gamal Abdel Nasser. Nasser was frustrated that the Americans favoured the Israelis. Nasser had previously attempted to buy arms off America, but was rejected. Nasser later proposed his idea of an Aswan Dam, in which funds would be needed. The US government offered $50,000,000 for the Aswan Dam project, in an attempt to win support from previously rejecting to sell military aid to him. However, America pulled out of the deal; when Eisenhower found out that the Arabs had links with the Russians. Therefore, Nasser began to buy arms of Czechoslovakia instead, in September 1955, buying 250 Migs and 300 Tanks. ...read more.

Middle

In an attempt to gain control over the Suez Canal, France and Great Britain held a secret meeting with Israel on the 24th October 1956 in Sèvres, near Paris. They believed that Nasser was very unpopular and that an attack would lead to a popular uprising. The idea set forth was for Israel to attack Egypt across the Sinai desert. In which Britain and France would send paratroops to seize back the Canal on pretence of stopping another Arab-Israeli war. As a result, Israel attacked Egypt on the 29th October. In which Britain and France told both sides to withdraw, conversely both countries refused. Britain and France consequently attacked the Egyptians on the 31st October. The United Nations called for an immediate ceasefire, on the 2nd November. Eisenhower was outraged and threatened to cripple the Britain and Frances economies. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Trans-Atlantic relationship had suffered and Britain and France were isolated internationally, with both domestic governments falling within twelve months. During the war, 26 British and French soldiers were killed attempting to complete the operation, with the Egyptians losing around 3,000 soldiers. Yet this war was seen as a victory for Arab nationalists, Nasser returned as a hero in which the Arab league pledged its support for Nasser. Nasser then supported the foundation of the Palestinian Liberal Organisation in 1964, a terrorist organisation which opposed the Israelis right to exist. The Soviet Union attempted to gain a foothold within the Middle East by gaining the support of the Egyptians by sending 20,000 advisors with military aid worth more than $12,000,000. America responded with the Eisenhower Doctrine in 1957 which offered US aid to any country in the Middle East threatened by Communism. Israel also gained from the war, with their status increasing considerably, after becoming allies with Britain and France. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 take place?

    An additional cause for the start of this crisis would be the ever increasing rivalry between the Arabs and Israel. The Arabs were humiliated by their loss in the 1948/49 war and were seeking revenge as is highlighted by a speech made by President Nasser.

  2. Arab Israeli Conflict

    They also restricted the borders of Palestine to furthermore put a stranglehold on everything that left and entered Palestine. Overall this meant that Israel lost little control than previously but just allowed the Palestinians to feel as if they were achieving something.

  1. Keeping Mandela in prison between 1964 and 1990 was a mistake(TM)

    Mandela was voted in as president and as the new leader of the newly legal ANC, this was because the ANC was the biggest party so had most election power. In Source F it shows that there was a 80% turnout at the elections.

  2. The basic idea of my project is to demonstrate that Colombia's global reputation, drugs ...

    powerful so that the girl he loves fall's in love with him. After a couple of inconveniences he finds out that he had just been turned into a Colombian drug dealer. Could it be that Hollywood is taking the idea of a military intervention very seriously?

  1. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    Magloire had the soap, sisel and cement monopoly. Along with other government officials he built huge mansions, and when Hurrican Hazel came to Haiti in 1954 he received tons of foreign aid that went straight into his wallet.22 Like so many of his predecessors he attempted to manipulate the constitution to make his term longer.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    However, in 1952 the USA produced the hydrogen bomb which was 1000 times more powerful than the atomic bomb. By 1943 the USSR had also developed the hydrogen bomb. This competitive nature worsened relations between the USSR and USA. Another reason was because of the Berlin Blockade in 1948.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    Chinese Communist Leader, Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China in it's capital Bejing. * Followed a communist victory in a civil war, which ended after the nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek fled with the remnants of his forces to the island of Formosa (renamed Taiwan.)

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    The Mujahideen, a jihadist guerrilla movement and faught against the government. 3. Soviet Union backed the government against helped them with equipment and advisors. However, Afghan also wanted to improve links with the USA. 4. Brezhnev was concerned about the growing power of radical islam and wanted to show the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work