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What were the key features of the Suez War

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Introduction

Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the Suez War (1956)? After constant bombardments there was a growing discontent between Israel and the Arabs, in particular Gamal Abdel Nasser. Nasser was frustrated that the Americans favoured the Israelis. Nasser had previously attempted to buy arms off America, but was rejected. Nasser later proposed his idea of an Aswan Dam, in which funds would be needed. The US government offered $50,000,000 for the Aswan Dam project, in an attempt to win support from previously rejecting to sell military aid to him. However, America pulled out of the deal; when Eisenhower found out that the Arabs had links with the Russians. Therefore, Nasser began to buy arms of Czechoslovakia instead, in September 1955, buying 250 Migs and 300 Tanks. ...read more.

Middle

In an attempt to gain control over the Suez Canal, France and Great Britain held a secret meeting with Israel on the 24th October 1956 in Sèvres, near Paris. They believed that Nasser was very unpopular and that an attack would lead to a popular uprising. The idea set forth was for Israel to attack Egypt across the Sinai desert. In which Britain and France would send paratroops to seize back the Canal on pretence of stopping another Arab-Israeli war. As a result, Israel attacked Egypt on the 29th October. In which Britain and France told both sides to withdraw, conversely both countries refused. Britain and France consequently attacked the Egyptians on the 31st October. The United Nations called for an immediate ceasefire, on the 2nd November. Eisenhower was outraged and threatened to cripple the Britain and Frances economies. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Trans-Atlantic relationship had suffered and Britain and France were isolated internationally, with both domestic governments falling within twelve months. During the war, 26 British and French soldiers were killed attempting to complete the operation, with the Egyptians losing around 3,000 soldiers. Yet this war was seen as a victory for Arab nationalists, Nasser returned as a hero in which the Arab league pledged its support for Nasser. Nasser then supported the foundation of the Palestinian Liberal Organisation in 1964, a terrorist organisation which opposed the Israelis right to exist. The Soviet Union attempted to gain a foothold within the Middle East by gaining the support of the Egyptians by sending 20,000 advisors with military aid worth more than $12,000,000. America responded with the Eisenhower Doctrine in 1957 which offered US aid to any country in the Middle East threatened by Communism. Israel also gained from the war, with their status increasing considerably, after becoming allies with Britain and France. ...read more.

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