• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the key features of the Suez War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the Suez War (1956)? After constant bombardments there was a growing discontent between Israel and the Arabs, in particular Gamal Abdel Nasser. Nasser was frustrated that the Americans favoured the Israelis. Nasser had previously attempted to buy arms off America, but was rejected. Nasser later proposed his idea of an Aswan Dam, in which funds would be needed. The US government offered $50,000,000 for the Aswan Dam project, in an attempt to win support from previously rejecting to sell military aid to him. However, America pulled out of the deal; when Eisenhower found out that the Arabs had links with the Russians. Therefore, Nasser began to buy arms of Czechoslovakia instead, in September 1955, buying 250 Migs and 300 Tanks. ...read more.

Middle

In an attempt to gain control over the Suez Canal, France and Great Britain held a secret meeting with Israel on the 24th October 1956 in Sèvres, near Paris. They believed that Nasser was very unpopular and that an attack would lead to a popular uprising. The idea set forth was for Israel to attack Egypt across the Sinai desert. In which Britain and France would send paratroops to seize back the Canal on pretence of stopping another Arab-Israeli war. As a result, Israel attacked Egypt on the 29th October. In which Britain and France told both sides to withdraw, conversely both countries refused. Britain and France consequently attacked the Egyptians on the 31st October. The United Nations called for an immediate ceasefire, on the 2nd November. Eisenhower was outraged and threatened to cripple the Britain and Frances economies. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Trans-Atlantic relationship had suffered and Britain and France were isolated internationally, with both domestic governments falling within twelve months. During the war, 26 British and French soldiers were killed attempting to complete the operation, with the Egyptians losing around 3,000 soldiers. Yet this war was seen as a victory for Arab nationalists, Nasser returned as a hero in which the Arab league pledged its support for Nasser. Nasser then supported the foundation of the Palestinian Liberal Organisation in 1964, a terrorist organisation which opposed the Israelis right to exist. The Soviet Union attempted to gain a foothold within the Middle East by gaining the support of the Egyptians by sending 20,000 advisors with military aid worth more than $12,000,000. America responded with the Eisenhower Doctrine in 1957 which offered US aid to any country in the Middle East threatened by Communism. Israel also gained from the war, with their status increasing considerably, after becoming allies with Britain and France. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Was Ernesto Guevara Deserved Of His Iconic Status?

    undertaken, according to his Ernesto Guevara Lynch (Guevara's Father), as an attempt to "really understand the needs of the poor, not as a tourist stopping to take pretty pictures, but in the way he did, by sharing the human suffering found at every bend in the road and looking for the causes of that misery"4.

  2. Arab Israeli Conflict

    This was because of fear of more terrorist attacks being possible. It was also to stop any possible terrorists moving from place to place, and possible spreading across the world. One major attack by the Israelis on the Palestinians was the military attack on Rafah; Rafah was one of the main Palestinian refugee camps in the Gaza strip.

  1. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    About 60 000 Haitians were killed by the Macoutes. 32 In addition to creating the Tonton Macoutes Duvalier dismissed his entire general staff and replaced old officers with young, more loyal ones.33 Duvalier then decided to create a new more supportive elite in the country. Through bribery, corruption and intimidation he succeeded in creating a new one with Duvalierists

  2. Why did the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 take place?

    "Under the terms of this deal, Czechoslovakia sold Egypt 200 tanks, 150 artillery pieces, 120 MiG jet fighters, 50 jet bombers, 20 transport planes, 15 minesweepers, 2 destroyers, 2 submarines, hundreds of vehicles and thousands of modern rifles and machine guns."1 This huge number of arms volume saw a change

  1. Question 2. Explain why the rest of the World is so interested in the ...

    especially the UK and this is a growing concern for the Jewish people around the World and they feel victimised by the conflict in the Middle East, "Globalisation had led some people to wrongly see Israel as the cause of all the world's conflicts.

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    The Mujahideen, a jihadist guerrilla movement and faught against the government. 3. Soviet Union backed the government against helped them with equipment and advisors. However, Afghan also wanted to improve links with the USA. 4. Brezhnev was concerned about the growing power of radical islam and wanted to show the

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    Impact * To the US, The Berlin Airlift was a successful example of containment and showed America's resolve to resist the further expansion of communism in Europe * Berlin would remain the most important symbol of Cold War division * While had to accept West Berlin, Stalin had created security zone & established effective control of Eastern Europe.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Stalin forced members of Comecon to boycott Marshall Aid. This worsened relations. Another reason was because of the Berlin Blockade in 1948. Stalin wanted West Berlin dependant on the USSR so he cut off all canal, road and rail links from West Berlin to West Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work