• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the key features of the Suez War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the Suez War (1956)? After constant bombardments there was a growing discontent between Israel and the Arabs, in particular Gamal Abdel Nasser. Nasser was frustrated that the Americans favoured the Israelis. Nasser had previously attempted to buy arms off America, but was rejected. Nasser later proposed his idea of an Aswan Dam, in which funds would be needed. The US government offered $50,000,000 for the Aswan Dam project, in an attempt to win support from previously rejecting to sell military aid to him. However, America pulled out of the deal; when Eisenhower found out that the Arabs had links with the Russians. Therefore, Nasser began to buy arms of Czechoslovakia instead, in September 1955, buying 250 Migs and 300 Tanks. ...read more.

Middle

In an attempt to gain control over the Suez Canal, France and Great Britain held a secret meeting with Israel on the 24th October 1956 in Sèvres, near Paris. They believed that Nasser was very unpopular and that an attack would lead to a popular uprising. The idea set forth was for Israel to attack Egypt across the Sinai desert. In which Britain and France would send paratroops to seize back the Canal on pretence of stopping another Arab-Israeli war. As a result, Israel attacked Egypt on the 29th October. In which Britain and France told both sides to withdraw, conversely both countries refused. Britain and France consequently attacked the Egyptians on the 31st October. The United Nations called for an immediate ceasefire, on the 2nd November. Eisenhower was outraged and threatened to cripple the Britain and Frances economies. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Trans-Atlantic relationship had suffered and Britain and France were isolated internationally, with both domestic governments falling within twelve months. During the war, 26 British and French soldiers were killed attempting to complete the operation, with the Egyptians losing around 3,000 soldiers. Yet this war was seen as a victory for Arab nationalists, Nasser returned as a hero in which the Arab league pledged its support for Nasser. Nasser then supported the foundation of the Palestinian Liberal Organisation in 1964, a terrorist organisation which opposed the Israelis right to exist. The Soviet Union attempted to gain a foothold within the Middle East by gaining the support of the Egyptians by sending 20,000 advisors with military aid worth more than $12,000,000. America responded with the Eisenhower Doctrine in 1957 which offered US aid to any country in the Middle East threatened by Communism. Israel also gained from the war, with their status increasing considerably, after becoming allies with Britain and France. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 take place?

    An additional cause for the start of this crisis would be the ever increasing rivalry between the Arabs and Israel. The Arabs were humiliated by their loss in the 1948/49 war and were seeking revenge as is highlighted by a speech made by President Nasser.

  2. Keeping Mandela in prison between 1964 and 1990 was a mistake(TM)

    outside world as he was in solitary confinement and had all his letters censored. However later on prisoners for came to the prison and told him what was happening as he wasn't confined due to health problems. Source B is suggesting that Mandela's imprisonment was a big mistake.

  1. Why did the league fail?

    The only means of enforcing decisions was by moral persuasion, and sanctions. This often took a long time, and by the time the decision was reached it was useless or ineffective, as in the case of Abyssinia, where it took six weeks for sanctions to be organised, and while the

  2. The basic idea of my project is to demonstrate that Colombia's global reputation, drugs ...

    We could say that since 1900 the Italians began controlling the drug dealing business. Due to this they became very rich and powerful. What the USA couldn't accept was that they started to immigrate into big cities and popular cities like New York and Chicago.

  1. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    There were three provisional presidents in office during this time, one resigned and the army disposed of the two others.24 For the new president elections the military arranged the campaigns so Duvalier gained all advantages.25 In the 1957 elections he was portrayed as a doctor that had been working closely

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    One reason why relations changed was because of the Arms Race. Bothe superpowers were intent on having the best defence if it ever came to nuclear war. In 1949 the USSR produced its first atomic bomb. This put both the USA and USSR on equal footing.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    was established by the Western Powers - October 1949 - Communist East Germany (the "German Democratic Republic") Established by USSR - October 1954 - West Germany was admitted to NATO & began to rearm - May 1955 - The USSR formed the Warsaw Pact as a defensive alliance against NATO

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    30 million soviet Muslims there would be no change to the way SU was run. Invasion: 1. Christmas 1979 and Jan 1st 1980 more then 50,000 troops were deployed to restore the protection of the Peoples Democratic Party of Afghanistan.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work