• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the key features of the Yom Kippur War 1973

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ned Jacobs History What were the key features of the Yom Kippur War (1973)? After the Six Day War there was a growing discontent between the Israelis and the Arabs. The UN resolution 242 failed to bring peace and resolve land disputes. The Israelis began building Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Sinai; this frustrated the Arabs, due to a vast amount of Arab civilians still claiming Israel had no right to exist. Anwar Sadat replaced General Nasser, after his death in 1970. Sadat was convinced that to gain support in the Middle East, he must start a war with limited aims, a defeat upon Israel would force them onto the negotiating table. Therefore, on the 6th October 1973, the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people, known as Yom Kippur, Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. ...read more.

Middle

Israel for the first few days suffered hundreds of casualties and lost nearly 150 planes; due to the Soviets weapons being highly affective, such as SAGGAR?s which were anti-tank missiles. America saw it as their duty to supply Israel, giving them a vast amount of weapons including anti-missile-missiles to beat the Soviets SAM?s and phantom jets. The tide of the war began to turn on the 10th October, in which the Syrians were pushed back. The Soviet Union Responded by sending airlifts to Damascus and Cairo, this was soon answered on the 12th and 13th October by a massive US airlift to Israel. The war became a second front for the Cold War, which could have lead to another World War. The Israelis destroyed the Egyptian army, who had moved beyond the cover, or umbrella, of the SAMS on the Canal. ...read more.

Conclusion

The war destroyed Israel?s image of an invincible army, killing 2,800 Israeli soldiers, whilst the Arabs lost 16,000 soldiers. The war gave the Arabs a belief and confidence in what they would pursue in the future, making Sadat a hero. One Arab newspaper said, ?The Yom Kippur War has marked the survival of the Arab fighting spirit?. However a key consequence from the war was a vast increase in oil prices; prices rose up to 70%, which led to worldwide inflation and recessions in 1974-75. This economic slump gave the Arab oil-exporting countries the idea in which they would be able to punish pro-Israeli countries. After the war a UN Disengagement Observer Force occupied a buffer zone between Israel and Syrian forces, in an attempt to stop any future conflicts. The war taught Egypt and Israel, but not Syria, that some move towards each other would be needed to stop constant war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Arab Israeli Conflict

    The Palestinian people are humiliated in their own country with roadblocks and checkpoints on nearly all roads. The Palestinians must have correct ID to be able to pass these checkpoints, and if not, for many, it means that they will be unable to go to work.

  2. Why has there been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours since 1973?

    In March of 2002,a Hamas suicide bomber killed 30 elderly Jews in an Israeli seaside resort. On the 11th of June 2003, an 18-year-old member of Hamas, Abdel Madi Shabneh killed sixteen Israelis and wounded over a hundred in a suicide bomb attack on a bus.

  1. Question 2. Explain why the rest of the World is so interested in the ...

    Here is the position of Israel according to other countries and the UN. According to the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Israel regards Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel and of the Jewish people. Israel notes that during the 19 year Jordanian occupation, all Jewish sites in the city were destroyed.

  2. Castro's revolution: WOMEN

    The next big step towards gender equality took place after the M-26-7 successfully overthrew Batista on New Year's Day 1959, with the creation of the Federaci�n de Mujeres Cubanas (FMC)

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    One key feature of the Arms Race was that Truman announced the development of the atomic bomb in the Potsdam conference of July/August 1945. Although Stalin did not show visible interest in this mew development, he was highly worried about the threat the atomic bomb would pose to soviet control over Eastern European countries.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    about NATO influence in Eastern Europe & Internal ethnic disputes eg Chechnya 1995. - Emerging differences between the Superpowers * The fact that USSR had employed an autocratic system of government with a dictatorial ruler and was attempting to use its sphere of influence to implore these values on other

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    This proved to be a poor idea as Nagy was far more liberal. October 1956 ? Kruschev sent troops and tanks to Budapest to restore peace. 25th October tanks open fired killing twelve. Gero resigned and a few days later Nagy took over as prime minister (following Kadar?s few days in charge)

  2. What were the key features of the Suez War

    There is not even the smallest place for negotiations.? Nasser later nationalised the Suez Canal, announcing his intentions to use the funds to build the Aswan Dam. This act irritated Eden, in which he privately declared his intentions to ?destroy? Nasser.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work