• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the main causes, events and results of the evacuation of Dunkirk?

Extracts from this document...


What were the main causes, events and results of the evacuation of Dunkirk? The Second World War, also known as Hitler's war, was a war of movement and speed. Hitler had trained his troops to carry out 'Blitzkrieg'- lightning war, which meant, quick, skilled and heavy artillery tactics were used by the German army. Before the war Hitler had joined forces with Austria-Hungary and taken over Czechoslovakia, September 1939 he had conquered Poland-, which marked the beginning of the war, in April 1940, both Norway and Denmark had fallen and on the 10th May the German army simultaneously invaded Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg. France was his next target. By the 27th of May the German Army had successfully advanced towards the beaches of Dunkirk and with help from their Luftwaffe, had been able to trap the BEF there. ...read more.


Also, Hitler's 'lightning war' stunned the allied forces. By May 1940, Hitler had control of most of Europe, between September 1939 and May 1940 Hitler had conquered Poland, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg and this was all due to Hitler's mobilisation of his army and his Lightning War tactics. As the German Army were skilled at these fast, precise tactics it was easy for them to push the allied forces back to the beaches and therefore forcing them to abandon many weapons and carry out an evacuation. The evacuation lasted for a week, beginning 27th May and ending 4th June 1940, during which time hundreds of British ships, small and large, war and pleasure, sailed back and forth transporting the soldiers to safety. These ships that were sent out by the government, following Operation dynamo, made several trips carrying soldiers back to England but not all of them made it home. ...read more.


Churchill rejected Hitler's peace arrangements and gained more support from America, because the evacuation showed the British to be strong and non-defeatist. French-British ties had been stretched but the nation had been brought together and American strings had been tied. Britain set up the LDV, local defence volunteers, invasion preparations such as laying beach fortifications were made and Britain got ready for 'total war'. Despite the losses suffered after the evacuation of Dunkirk, Britain, five years later, went on to win the war. When assessing the outcome of this evacuation I think that this factor is most definitely overlooked. Dunkirk gave the people a New Hope, the army was saved and the much-needed support of America was founded. Although France was forced to surrender and weapons of war/ships had been lost, I agree with the statement 'Dunkirk was the beginning of the end of the Third Reich'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. The Evacuation of Dunkirk.

    The whole evacuation changed the course of what 'war' meant. Britain kept fighting, so that later on the USA could enter the war and fight against Hitler. These are all the reasons as to why the British claimed that Dunkirk was a miracle as it had assisted them to escape and be able to continue fighting in the war.

  2. Dunkirk - Defeat, Deliverance or Victory?

    He mentions asking them how much room was left and getting a cheerful reply of 'Oh, plenty of room yet'. He says exactly how many troops were on his vessel and doesn't describe any of them as injured. This suggests that the troops got away unharmed and in high morale.

  1. Was Dunkirk a defeat?

    "Spraying them with bullets" this sounds like a very bloody battle. "The beaches were jammed with soldiers" this statement is true because Dunkirk was a quite small beach with masses of soldiers on it. It is reliable because it was an eyewitness, but it's extremely biased because it's a German fighter pilots account.

  2. Defeat, Deliverance or Victory? Which of these best describes Dunkirk?

    the 1st of June 1940 shows how disorderly, panicked and improperly planned the evacuation was. Churchill writes 'crisis in evacuation' and 'enemy closing in' showing panic, fear and confusion and that he is thinking negatively by also listing the British losses.

  1. How successful was Dunkirk

    it's useful, but it's written by a British Major so he maybe patriotic and be one sided. Another source which maintains the belief of a military victory is Admiralty Records quoted by Winston Churchill, "The Second World War volume two."

  2. Defeat, Deliverance or Victory? Which of these best describes Dunkirk?

    They are written by a British pilot shot down near Dunkirk, a German fighter pilots account of Dunkirk, Charles Lightoller a retired sailor and a painting by Charles Cundall an official war artist. As we can see there are quite a few sources that support this theory.

  1. Defeat, deliverace or victory? Which of these best describes Dunkirk?

    Gaze of the royal Army Ordnance Corps. When he describes the scene on the beach in Dunkirk he speaks mostly of the disorderly and uncordinated nature of the defeat and even mentions 'naval officers using their revolvers', this shows that almost all sense of discipline has broken down and the situation is chaos.

  2. Was Dunkirk a Triumph?

    However it might be slightly biased because he could be exaggerating the information that was given to him or it could be slightly made up. In addition another source which supports Dunkirk was a triumph is Source B5, this source describes that the ?evacuation? went according to plans and that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work