• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the motives of the attackers of 9/11

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework What were the motives of the terrorists of the 9/11 attacks? The most common example of modern terrorism refers to that of the attacks on September 11th 2001 when a group of 19 men attacked The United States Of America with four hijacked aeroplanes. These men were part of an organisation called Al-Qaeda and 15 of those 19 men were Saudi Arabian. The four planes were flown into some of the USA's most powerful, militant, and economical buildings: Two were flown into the World Trade Centre, one into the Pentagon, and another crashed into the small town of Shanksville but was believed to be heading for the White House, some 230 miles off. There were believed to be many motives of the attacks, most of which were based around economical, political, religious and social beliefs. In 1933 an American expedition to Saudi Arabia ended with vast sums of oil discovered. This then lead to America and Saudi Arabia creating a partnership in 1938 to create the company ARAMCO; (Saudi Arabia would pump out its oil and sell it to America). Source 1 and 2 shows that this trend has carried on through to 2001; Saudi Arabia is the biggest exporters of oil, while the USA is the biggest consumer. ...read more.

Middle

However 3despite this offer, Kuwait decided to put America in charge of The Gulf War. "It has become clear that the rulers are not qualified to apply the religion and defend the Muslims. In fact, they have provided evidence that they are implementing the schemes of the enemies of the nation and religion and that they are qualified to abandon the countries and peoples."4 This was a motive for the attackers because both Saudi Arabia and America needed to keep Kuwait on their side for political position in the Middle East and Kuwait's preference of America over Saudi Arabia shows that America had too much influence over Kuwait. However Kuwait is not the only country in the Middle East with American influence and involvement. Israel's political position has been criticized for over half a century. Before the Second World War, Palestine maintained the strip between Syria, Jordan, Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. However in 1948, Israel was given official borders inside Palestine towards the North West. By 1949 Israel held the majority of the strip and after the war in the 1960's against Egypt and Syria, Jerusalem was transferred over from Palestine to Israeli territory. 5Source 5 shows that even to the present day, land has continued to grow for Israel and shrink for Palestine. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means the loss of the site can cripple a countries economy. 7 In conclusion I believe that the biggest motive for the terrorists was the economical influence with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. I believe this because if the USA was not so dependent on oil, tensions would not have risen in the Middle East meaning that the gulf war would not have happened. Even if a war did break out between Iraq and Kuwait, countries such as Britain and the USA would not have got involved. "Polls showed that the vast majority of the sons of the Islamic world were happy about these strikes because of... the huge criminality practised by... the United States in Palestine and other Muslim countries."8 1 Persian Gulf Exports by Country, 2001, (http://www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/pgulf2.html) Downloaded 15.04.09 2 World Oil Consumption by Country, (USA - light blue, rest of the world - grey), (http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/finance/usi&to/upstream/update/figure3.gif) Downloaded 15.04.09 3 Size of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia in square miles, (http://www.populstat.info/) Downloaded 15.04.09 4 Osama Bin Laden, Gulf Country Traitors, , BBC NEWS 5 Palestine loss of land over time, BBC NEWS 6 Osama Bin Laden, 28.12.01, BBC NEWS 7 Temple Mount, Map, BBC NEWS, (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/middle_east/03/holy_sites/html/default.stm) Downloaded - 21.04.09 8 Osama Bin Laden, 03.11.01 ?? ?? ?? ?? Jonathan Lupton - 10R History Coursework - 9/11 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Motives of the 9/11 attacks

    I am an honest advisor to you. I urge you to seek the joy of the afterlife and to rid yourself of your dry, miserable and spiritless materialistic life. I urge you become Muslims." This shows very strongly Bin Laden's views on Infidels and the Muslims religion.

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    He states that the vigilantes made great positive contributions to the town, and in this line: 'When justice is powerless as well as blind, self preservation is the first law of nature' , he describes vigilantes as heroes whose purpose it is to prevail where justice itself has failed.

  1. What were the motives of the terrorists who carried out the 9/11 attacks on ...

    The final plane United Airlines Flight 93 departed Newark, New Jersey Airport at 08:42am, 41 minutes late, heading for San Francisco international airport. After being informed about the disaster in New York passengers of flight 93 realised the plane had been hijacked.

  2. What were the motives of the terrorist who carried out the 9/11 attacks on ...

    Religious and social motives are extremely similar as Al Qaeda feels that America have become a superior nation and are opposing the Islamic way of life with the American way of life. The Al Qaeda believes that America is suppressing the Islamic community and religion as it grows.

  1. Prohibition America

    that crime and poverty were all supported by alcohol and therefore thought alcohol was the cause of the bad and evil. He supported Prohibition, not knowing it would turn even worse. Q4. Source F, which is a quote form Alec Wilder a New York composer speaking in the 1950's, tells

  2. All My Sons Coursework

    Later on at the end of Act Two we see Chris's rejection of his father, after the truth is uncovered. Chris used to look up to his father, even calling him "Joe McGuts", Chris is shocked to uncover his father's secrets and guilt.

  1. The United plan for the Palestine

    Letters were concerning the future political status of the Arab lands under the Turkish Empire. The Arab side was already planning a revolt against the Ottoman Empire and all British did was encourage revolt which caused a disruption to the Ottoman Empire which was a German ally in the WWI.

  2. Battlefields Coursework

    visit to the battlefields, and one of the areas which I studied was the destruction of the terrain. The land upon which the battles were fought remains wrecked beyond recognition of how it looked before the war. The shell craters are evident everywhere, especially at Vimy Ridge, where although the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work