• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the stages of Eastern Europe's takeover by Communism?

Extracts from this document...


What were the stages of Eastern Europe's takeover by Communism? STAGE 1 : POLAND Stalin's first priority was control of Poland. The country was one of the largets in Eastern Europe and, if conquered, it provided a corridor to Germany. As the red Army pushed back the German one, Soviet soldiers remained in Easter European countries. This happened also with Poland. The Soviets set up anti-fascist governments and at the end of June 1945 a few London poles were included in the Polish government. However, as Stalin gave leading positions to Communists, the Lublin group remained largely dominant. ...read more.


STAGE 2: ROMANIA AND BULGARIA After Poland Stalin's first priorities were the control of Romania and Bulgaria. These two countries had ice-free port and across the Black Sea there was the USSR, so transport for the Soviets would be very easy. As the Red Army pushed back the German Army they set up coalition governments dominated by Communists in late 1944. In February 1945, within days of the Yalta Agreement Vyshinsky, a leading Communist, ordered the King of Romania to appoint a new prime minister appointed by Stalin. When the King of Romania said that this was not in line with the Yalta Agreement, Vyshinsky shouted at the King. ...read more.


The non-Communist Smallholders' party won the elections. In August 1947 there were rigged elections and Communists won. In November all non-Communist parties were banned. The final stage in the takeover came when Communists seized power in Czechoslovakia in 1948. Before that the country was ruled by Communist and Non-Communist parties. When there were fair election in 1946 the Communists won 38% of the votes. The President and the Foreign Minister were non-Communist, but the Prime Minister was Communist. In 1947 there was an economic crisis in the country. The next elections were due to May 1948, but the Communists were afraid that they might lose, so they seized power by force. Many non-Communists were killed including the Foreign Minister. Soon rigged elections were held and the Communists won. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Notes on the Solidarity movement in Poland.

    Why did the Polish government clamp down solidarity in December 1981?: * There were signs that Solidarity was becoming a political party: video tapes documented secret meetings which discussed about a government without Communist rule. The tapes could have been forged, but the Brezhnev was not going to take any risks.

  2. In February 1943, the German army surrendered at Stalingrad. Was Hitler's interference the main ...

    This factor is a very important one for the German defeat at Stalingrad, as they lost many troops fighting in urban situations. It also contributed to the extraordinary defence of the grain elevator, outlines above, in addition to the patriotism of the Russians.

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Then he would order the destruction of the SAM site. Years later, McGeorge Bundy cited the two U-2 instances as "reminders that crisis managers don't always manage everything." The next event in that long day was a low-level reconnaissance mission flown by six F8U-1P Crusader jets.

  2. The integration and fragmentation of Europe and its implications.

    there were many problems that needed to be addressed in order for the newly integrated Germany to become as prosperous as the old West Germany had been.

  1. How did the Red scare and McCarthyism become such a dominant force in the ...

    The 'Federal Employee Loyalty Program' was set up to investigate communist sympathisers working for the government. J. Edgar Hoover, the Director of the FBI, and a strong anti-communist, set it up. Hoover's FBI 'loyalty boards' were allowed to investigate government employees, to see if they had any links with the communist party.

  2. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    The US marines and the Haitian army defeat them.43 Foreign policy Duvalier's foreign policy was aimed to portray him as a lone man fighting the big powers. His behavior seriously disturbed American president John F. Kennedy. He noticed how Duvalier misused aid money, and how he planned to hire a

  1. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe and the USSR?

    In Poland, poor pay and living standard were creating strikes. A new trade union named Solidarity was introduced into the country, which resulted in the government being made to recognize the union in 1980. One year later in 1981, Poland?s authorities banned the trade union from existing and arrested its leader Lech Walensa.

  2. The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and the USSR

    In 1988, in speech to the United Nations in New York, Gorbachev commited himself to ending the Cold War, and doing this by renouncing the Russian emphasis on the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution on trying to export Communism abroad, and therefore also renouncing the Brezhnev doctrine and committing the USSR to massive cuts in conventional and nuclear weapons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work