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What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Russian monarchy in 1894?

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Introduction

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Russian monarchy in 1894? Just previous to 1894, the king was Alexander III, 49 years old. Alexander was incredibly influenced by Konstantin Pobedenestov, Procurator of the Holy Synod, who also believed in an anti-western Russia (later backed by the Slavophiles, who also disliked the Western way of life). He brought back censorship in education and he press and also produced the Russification of non nationalist groups. The reduction of peasant representation on the Zemstvo and the creation of the Land captains to restore the traditional authority within the localities were also brought into the picture by Alexander III. It was believed that he had, barring assassination, many years left to his reign. As the year went on, his health deteriorated at an alarming rate. The best doctors of the time were called to help, but none were able to save the dying Emperor. Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov, Tsar of Russia, died of Nephritis on October 20, at the summer palace in the Crimea. ...read more.

Middle

Agriculture was backward and heavily taxed, partly to finance industrialization. During Alexander III reign, the industrialisation had just taken off, which put a State investment in railroads and the steel industry. The beginnings of the foreign intervention in the Russian industry lead to much of the profits leaving the country. Russia had to become less dependent on the other European countries. The Russian monarchy in 1894 had Nicholas II as its leader, who had married Princess Alix of Hesse. Soon after he came to power, Nicholas II stated that he wished to maintain the autocratic system. He continued the suppression of opposition, the persecution of religious minorities, and the Russification of the borderlands. The revolutionary groups were rising in the dark. One of the main problems with the monarchy was their lack of attention to the poor communication problems throughout that period. This caused the Russians many problems because of the fact that once communication had reached a certain point in Russia, it was already outdated information, and too late for whatever needed to take place. ...read more.

Conclusion

This resulted in constant frustration. Many peasants broke out their anger in many riots. A huge majority of workers went on strike and small renegade revolutionary groups who indulged in assassinations and propaganda spawned. For example, before Nicholas II, Alexander II in 1881 was assassinated by a group named The People's Will. The Tsars made many concessions, but they were never enough for the workers, peasants and educated classes, mainly because the Tsars were constantly watching out for their own absolute authority to stay in position. When Russia was weakened, it was seriously exposed to demands for improvement. Going back, the Crimean War led to Alexander II's reforms, which was later followed by many of the following Tsars. Some of the major strengths of the Tsars however, were the fact that it held up Russia's traditions, which was and is very important to a country's morale. There was much loyalty towards and between the Tsars, which led to a strong and powerful government. They had their own Army, and luckily the opposition groups were very small and divided, and caused very little threat. ...read more.

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