• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

Extracts from this document...


What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914 In my opinion, in order for us to thoroughly understand the pre-eminent features of Liberal policies towards Ireland during 1906-1914, firstly we need to appreciate the importance of context and how preceding events helped shape the Liberal policies towards Ireland during that period. Although the question focuses on the period 1906-1914, it would, in my opinion be both unwise and inadequate to focus solely on this era. This is why within my essay I intend not only to define the prominent features of Liberal policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914, but also consider the influence of past events in erecting a 'framework' for many of the features offered in the Liberal policies. Towards the end of 18th century, Ireland was filled with an air of perplexity. In 1791, the formation of the SUI (Society of United Irishmen) through leader Wolfe Tone, advocated ideas of Ireland becoming a 'Self-governing democratic republic'. Although its 'Non-religious' ethos and clear acceptance of both Catholics and Protestants within its community did raise some level of confusion amongst the Irish people. Notably, the 1798 Irish rebellion resulted in a disconnection of opinion amongst Irish Protestants, who became inclined to choose between the 'Orange lodge', protestants who where indifferent to British Rule and the 'SUI'. Irish nationalists vented a strong desire for dissolution and during the rising expressed anger towards the Irish Protestants. ...read more.


In 1893, the Bill had looked destined to succeed as it completed its morale boosting passage through the commons, yet unfortunately it was the domineering majority in the House of Lords that killed off all hope of total completion. The Bill lost out overwhelmingly 419 votes to 41. However, the rejection had helped reveal where the obvious difficulty for the Gladstonians lay. The House of Lords had an 'In-built' Unionists majority which made the refusal of the Bill a lot easier. In reality, the Unionists threat of playing 'Orange card' was not necessary as long as this remained the case. The Irish Unionists did however find the very fact that the Gladstonians were prepared still 'offer' their support to Home Rule more intimidating. Perhaps we can relate England's hardened 'step-up' in their attitudes to the SUI and Irish Catholics to the Irish Unionists treatment of the Home Rule Bill. The Unionists worked hard to consolidate their forces and develop well-organised resistance to the Bill. Quite simply, the Unionists needed to outweigh the Gladstonians. Connections between the Southern Unionists and Conservatives 'on the mainland' helped create a much closer network. Propaganda was illuminated in Great Britain on behalf of the Ulster Unionist cause. In Southern Ireland, towards the end of the century, there was as many as 250,000 Unionists. The crisis had remained dormant for quite sometime after the defeat second time round. ...read more.


The government where cautious in not using the British Army to take military action against the UVF, as this may weaken the governments chances of negotiation. However, on the night of 24-25 April 1914, the UVF did manage to complete a successful 'gun-running' operation. More than 20,000 rifles and several million rounds of ammunition were shipped in from Germany for the UVF. The UVF's blatant ignorance to the ban, that had been imposed on importing arms, had left a bitter impact on Nationalists. In contrast, Irish volunteers who later shipped in weapons to Ireland, were stopped by police who, supported by British troops had attempted to seize them. The difference in treatment that both experienced intensified relations between the two. By the Summer of 1914, once again control had changed. The power lied amongst the UVF, who were both well armed and in a position of strength in Ulster. In 1912, the government rather naively had dismissed the threat of the Unionists. The summer of 1914 proved how sedulous and determined, the Unionists had become. Their demands where being treated with much seriousity. Although the Unionists by this time had achieved recognition as a respected force within government, it became increasingly acceptable to Carson that the fight against Home Rule was gradually slipping out of their hands. This was exemplified through his reduction in demands (i.e. six of the nine counties of Ulster) should remain permanently excluded from Home Rule. He and his supporters would go no further than this settlement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland Essay

    The principle behind it is that all the communities involved in it had to agree to ensure that each of their say must be taken into account before any decisions affecting the people are made. There is a leader from both sides, in a North-South Assembly.

  2. Why was there nearly a civil war in Ireland in 1914.

    The Catholics tried again to rebel in the uprising but were defeated at the battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798. The British Government decided its as too dangerous to allow Ireland to continue to have its own Parliament. An Act of Union in 1800 united Ireland to Britain.

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    The atmosphere at first was good humoured, and the Provisional IRA had been asked not to have their weapons in the area - they could only take part as normal civilians. However, the march path, heading towards the centre which was outside 'Free Derry', was blocked by British Paratroopers.

  2. The 1913 lockout, 1916 rising, the treaty of 1921 and the causes of the ...

    and just improved support for Sinn F�in. At the same time the "Hay plan", thought of by Stuart Hay a British army caption, was put into place. This relied on the catholic bishops in Ireland not wanting German occupation of catholic countries like France and Belgium.

  1. Throughout this essay I will outline and evaluate the events and their outcomes of ...

    The league attracted militant nationalists and Pearse soon realised that it would take a lot more than education to defeat the British government. In 1914 he was recruited into the I.R.B. (Irish Republican Brotherhood) a militant body that believed in using excessive force to expel the British from Ireland.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    I have had a little experience of going into the prisons and teaching. And when you go into the prisons, you have to teach the separate para-military block, so, therefore, you would teach one group of Loyalists and then another group of Loyalists, and then the two official and provisional Republicans.

  1. Parnell and the Irish Question Why did Gladstone fail to pacify Ireland?

    He lost no time in 'grasping the Irish nettle', a 'faux pas' which would prove fatal for the administration. There were 2 fundamental flaws with the first Home Rule Bill. The first was not so much in reference to the Bill itself but rather to Gladstone's tactics, 'the task he

  2. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    The Home-rule party didn't have much effect because it lacked unity in terms of ideas. Only 1/3 were home-rulers, the rest were either Fenians or Liberals. Also, Butt was a poor leader as he lacked inspiration, and, one of the most important political requirements, charisma.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work