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Which Germans opposed the Treaty of Versailles, and why?

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Introduction

Which Germans opposed the Treaty of Versailles, and why? 1918 was the end of a war that had had a terrible effect on Germany and all other countries involved - an end to fighting, death, poverty and hardship. However, the treaty that brought an end to this ruin brought more trouble to Germany, as the majority of the German people were against this attempt at peace, the Treaty of Versailles. There were many groups against the terms of the treaty - in fact it was one of the only things that the different political parties could agree on. It was almost universally hated by the Germans, communists and nationalists alike. ...read more.

Middle

Not only this, but they were strongly against the treaty itself, which was called the Diktat - dictated peace. The terms of the treaty included great loss of territory. This meant that millions of Germans were suddenly under the control of other countries, for example Poland. The nationalist right was deeply unhappy with this, especially as they viewed the Poles as primitive and beneath them. Another term of the Treaty of Versailles, which was almost unanimously hated by the German, people and not only the right was Article 231, the war guilt clause. When signing the treaty, the German people were forced to accept the full blame for starting the war, and therefore pay for the damage and loss that the four years of war had caused. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was why the treaty was regarded as dictated peace - the Germans had no choice, they had to sign the treaty whether or not they agreed to the terms, and there was no room for negotiation. Most of the Germans were against the treaty, but the most violently opposed were the right wing. The socialist and liberalists, although mostly unhappy with the treaty, received more power in running the country through it with the abdication of the Kaiser and the setting up of the new Weimar Republic. The right got nothing from the treaty, and spent most of the 1920s trying to turn the rest of the country against the terms and get rid of the Republic. Georgina Grace ...read more.

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