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Which of the following reasons is the most important in explaining why many Germans hated the new Weimer Republic in the years 1919-23?

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Introduction

Which of the following reasons is the most important in explaining why many Germans hated the new Weimer Republic in the years 1919-23? 1. The Stab in the Back 2. The New Constitution 3. The Treaty of Versailles The Weimer Republic had been the provisional government that ran the country after the abdication of the Kaiser. The new government was introduced in Germany after the signing of the armistice on November 11th 1918. The Weimer Republic was run as a parliamentary democracy. After their defeat in World War One, many Germans felt that if the war had continued, Germany would have been victorious. This was not true, the Naval Blockade by Britain and the support of Britain and France by America guaranteed Germanys defeat. ...read more.

Middle

This allowed a president to be elected by the parliament. This posed problems though, the amount of votes received by a party in an election predicted the number of seats that they would be allocated in the parliament. Although this is a good idea in theory, it meant that many parties were formed as they all had a chance of winning seats and a majority party vote could not be achieved, at one time in Germany there were over 30 political parties elected into parliament. Some of the parties joined together to make coalition governments but as the parties had different aims making decisions was impossible. The constitution also introduced Article 48 which allowed the president at the time to abandon democracy in an emergency. ...read more.

Conclusion

As reparations were so high more money was printed to pay off debts and this caused inflation. When Germany fell behind with reparation payments to France, troops were sent into the Ruhr Valley to take industrial goods, as the Rhineland was a demilitarised zone, there were no German troops to defend it. Instead Germany used Passive Resistance, workers protested by striking. The German government supported the strikers by continuing to pay them a wage, more money was printed to do this and this caused Hyperinflation. I think that the Treaty of Versailles was the most important reason why many Germans hated the Weimar Republic. Although many Germans did not like 1 and 2, I think that the Stab in the Back could have been forgiven and the new constitution would have finally been accepted. The Treaty was hated by the majority of the German population. ...read more.

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