• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which of the four reasons given below was most to blame for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign to achieve its military objectives? Explain your answer by referring to all four reasons.

Extracts from this document...


Which of the four reasons given below was most to blame for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign to achieve its military objectives? Explain your answer by referring to all four reasons. -An Ill-thought-out Plan -Poor Command -Bad Organisation -Inadequate Forces and Supplies from Britain Gallipoli 1915 turned out to be a total disaster for Britain, but the real question is: why was it such a failure? Was it because of the lack of knowledge that went into the planning and preparation of the campaign? Was it the disgraceful leadership that made it what it was? Or could it have been the terrible plan of attack and weak fighting the British put against the underestimated Turkish defences? Or was it the inadequate forces and supplies that caused the British their battle? All these factors were partly responsible for the British failure to break the stalemate, but one of them had the biggest effect on the Allies destiny. The planning of the campaign was worsened by the lack of knowledge of the Turkish defences, including the 403 lines of mines, which were found on the Dardanelles, where the British lost three battleships and 700 men. ...read more.


Kitchener had also proved to be quite ignorant and stubborn, when he refused to listen to the many people telling him that 75,000 men would not be enough and he would need 150,000 for the battle to be successful. This was again very unwise, and could have been a changing point in the long run. The experienced and intelligent commander, Sir Ian Hamilton's career was destroyed after his terrible performance and eventual sacking from his duty in Gallipoli. It can be seen why in the report by Paul Chapman, an extract written by an A.J.P.Taylor, criticises Hamilton's performance. "Hamilton has designed his strategy well, but he was too polite to be a good general in the field", he writes along with suggesting he was "out of touch with events." It was also said in this report that Hamilton "allowed his subordinate commanders considerable discretion in devising their own tactics", which caused a couple of cases of bad planning, resulting in disaster, including: Anzac Cove General Birdwood, who landed men in darkness, leading to much confusion. Another was General Hunter Wilson, who landed after dawn, this, however, allowed the Turks a far greater chance of firing on his men. ...read more.


Dentists were too an extreme rarity, and any man with a broken tooth would often just have to put up with it. Hamilton was another affected by the inadequate forces and supplies from Britain. The report previously mentioned, written by Paul Chapman, says that "Hamilton was sent off with great haste, insufficient staff support, inadequate maps and badly loaded ships", similarly, "he was not allowed the reserves to compensate incurred or the level of shells and other ammunition that would be required for heavy fighting. He was refused military aircraft and an additional brigade of Indian troops that he asked for." Chapman perhaps having the opinion that the lack of supplies was more to blame than Hamilton's behaviour, for his eventual sacking and career ruined. Therefore, in conclusion, as the factor with most evidence to back it up, from various sources, I think that the inadequate forces and supplies from Britain was most to blame for the unshapely end to the battle of Gallipoli. Despite the other reasons being very important, poor leadership and bad organisation, perhaps even ill-thought-out planning was partly caused by the lacking of forces necessary, somewhat in my opinion, therefore the most valuable factor, that was not rightly in existence. By Amy Capel Word Count: 1487 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. To What Extent Was Haig Responsible For The Failure At the Battle Of The ...

    I however agree more with recent historians, such as Dr. Gary Sheffield, who have looked at the full account of what happened over the full 4 months of the battle and how Haig changed his techniques and battle plans in order to change the battle which has lead to modern historians labelling the Somme ultimately as a success.

  2. The Italian Conquest of Abyssinia: How far was the LoN to blame?

    On the other hand, a bad aspect in both would be that neither shows the "whys". For example; both sources do not show why Japan and Germany have left the league. This is a major disadvantage as research or own knowledge is required to understand the source to full effect.

  1. How did stalemate develop on Western Fornt

    to defend Alsace and Lorraine with the idea the Germans would retreat into Germany and battle the French army as far from Paris as possible so when the German main army invaded France Via Belgium the French Army would be unable to get back to Paris fast enough to stop the Germans capturing it.

  2. Does the film The Battle of the Somme provide a realistic picture of life ...

    The only source that agrees with the film is source 8. The picture shows two nurses who are tending to a wounded soldier. From this picture, you can see how well the nurses are caring for the wounded. Although the photos don't tell us how quickly the soldier was attended to.

  1. Hilters four year plan.

    She gives her religion as the reason and quotes several passages interest in matters concerning the Fuhrer. The parents who have another daughter of six approve of this attitude and stubbornly refuse to make the child change her ways. They also refuse to give the German salute quoting the passage

  2. Weimar’s Failure Lay in it’s Own Poor Foundations. Discuss.

    Weimar was forced to sign the treaty or to face invasion from the allies, which would ultimately end in certain defeat and complete eradication of the empire. As Erzberger the president said in his analogy to the situation " suppose somebody tied my arms and placed a loaded pistol against

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work