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Which Tsar was more autocratic-Alexander III or Nicholas II?

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Which Tsar was more autocratic-Alexander III or Nicholas II? Pobedonostsev, who instilled in them strong beliefs in autocracy and nationalism, which were reflected throughout their reign, tutored both Tsars'. When comparing the two Tsars', the impact on the political and social system is significant and hints at which Tsar was more autocratic. Alexander and Nicholas were both autocratic politically, but Alexander was keener to uphold Autocracy. This involved setting up the Okhrana, as well as tightening censorship laws. Nicholas on the other hand made a significant impact on Russian history by introducing democracy to the Russian people, through the October Manifesto. ...read more.


Yet, a deeper analysis of both regimes can lead one to conclude that it was in fact Nicholas who was more autocratic. By transforming Russia into a modern democratic state, he also made his opposition more active and demanding, especially since they saw the power of the monarch decrease gradually in the western countries. Their protests became more politically motivated and some, such as the Bolsheviks even called for the collapse of Tsarism. Alexander responded to this with further repression, for example, the execution of the Vyborg in 1907. The pessimist school of History agrees that revolution was inevitable since Tsar Nicholas became more counter-productive further into his reign. ...read more.


Nicholas' impressive reforms, such as the national insurance act, Duma and success in economy cannot be paralleled with Alexander's lack of reform. Subsequently, it can be deduced that Alexander was more autocratic than Nicholas. Additionally, Alexander's program of Russification and hostility towards the Jews suggests he was a vicious and despotic leader, who was bound to be overthrown. Historians have described Alexander's period as one of counter-reform and when compared with Nicholas, it suggests that Alexander was more autocratic. In conclusion, Alexander was more autocratic than Nicholas. Interestingly, Alexander announced that he would abolish further reform and maintain autocracy on the day he came to power. Therefore, a reign of ruthlessness and terror, propelled by autocracy was an inevitable consequence. K. Kiani (KofE) ...read more.

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