• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which Tsar was more autocratic-Alexander III or Nicholas II?

Extracts from this document...


Which Tsar was more autocratic-Alexander III or Nicholas II? Pobedonostsev, who instilled in them strong beliefs in autocracy and nationalism, which were reflected throughout their reign, tutored both Tsars'. When comparing the two Tsars', the impact on the political and social system is significant and hints at which Tsar was more autocratic. Alexander and Nicholas were both autocratic politically, but Alexander was keener to uphold Autocracy. This involved setting up the Okhrana, as well as tightening censorship laws. Nicholas on the other hand made a significant impact on Russian history by introducing democracy to the Russian people, through the October Manifesto. ...read more.


Yet, a deeper analysis of both regimes can lead one to conclude that it was in fact Nicholas who was more autocratic. By transforming Russia into a modern democratic state, he also made his opposition more active and demanding, especially since they saw the power of the monarch decrease gradually in the western countries. Their protests became more politically motivated and some, such as the Bolsheviks even called for the collapse of Tsarism. Alexander responded to this with further repression, for example, the execution of the Vyborg in 1907. The pessimist school of History agrees that revolution was inevitable since Tsar Nicholas became more counter-productive further into his reign. ...read more.


Nicholas' impressive reforms, such as the national insurance act, Duma and success in economy cannot be paralleled with Alexander's lack of reform. Subsequently, it can be deduced that Alexander was more autocratic than Nicholas. Additionally, Alexander's program of Russification and hostility towards the Jews suggests he was a vicious and despotic leader, who was bound to be overthrown. Historians have described Alexander's period as one of counter-reform and when compared with Nicholas, it suggests that Alexander was more autocratic. In conclusion, Alexander was more autocratic than Nicholas. Interestingly, Alexander announced that he would abolish further reform and maintain autocracy on the day he came to power. Therefore, a reign of ruthlessness and terror, propelled by autocracy was an inevitable consequence. K. Kiani (KofE) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why and with what results did Alexander II abolish serfdom in Russia?

    Another popular explanation as to why Alexander emancipated the serfs was that he wanted to modernize Russia. Raising the productivity of the Russian economy was one of the main motives for embarking on the emancipation of the serfs. After the 1861 emancipation, he introduced many other reforms in the military,

  2. 'To What Extent Did Tsar Alexander III's Reign Mark A Major Change From That ...

    Again, further evidence that their reigns were so very different can be seen in their handling of each of these difficult and challenging situations that they had to contend with on their accessions to rule. Tsar Alexander II had taken to heart the very apparent deficiencies in the Russian system and had made the first tentative steps toward reform.

  1. Tsar Nicholas II

    This was also a long term cause of why the Tsar was bad and so it would have also affected any previous tsars as well. Another reason in which made Russia hard to govern is because it was and autocracy.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    workers themselves, as well as the needs of the civil war, forced the Bolsheviks to carry through the wholesale nationalisation of the key sectors of the economy sooner than they intended. Between July and December 1918, a total of 1,208 enterprises were taken into state ownership.

  1. "Alexander III bequeathed Nicholas II a revolution" (Trotsky) Discuss

    However the implications of this policy were so profound that a large standing army was needed to secure it from possible enemies within. This anger was created by Alexander's political ideal of a nation containing only one nationality, one language, one religion and one form of administration; and he imposed

  2. Reform followed by Reaction is a dangerous strategy for any government to follow and ...

    The creation of the first Duma quelled harsh feelings toward the government and led to the end of the 1905 revolt. Then, Nicholas changed his mind and in may1906, Nicholas passed the fundamental laws. These laws gave the Tsar absolute power over Russia and dissolved the Duma.

  1. How successfully did Alexander III extend his authority throughout the Russian Empire?

    They held the Tsar personally responsible for their problems which resulted in many violent incidents erupting throughout the countryside and the support for the Tsar decreasing severely. By 1889 Zemstva justices of the peace had been replaced by Land commandants; landed nobility chosen by the Tsar to hold positions of

  2. How valid is the view that the reign of Alexander II achieved nothing of ...

    family and, depending on the area, each serf was guaranteed an allotment of land big enough to feed their family. The nobles, who stood to loose significantly from emancipation, were paid compensation by the State far in excess of the land's true value.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work