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Whites live in fear of attack - Article Analysis

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Introduction

1. I have chosen a clipping taken from the Daily Mirror dated 12th February 1990; the headline is 'Whites live in fear of attack'. From this clipping I have learnt that in South Africa, there was a big feeling of inferiority between blacks and white, this is proven by the apartheid system that was in place. It also explains that white South Africans were terrified by the release of Nelson Mandela, as they believed no government would ever have the nerve to release the worlds most notorious prisoner. Whites were also terrified of the enormous amount of power 18million blacks could unleash if they decided to take revenge for the years of ill treatment. Some whites feared they would be slaughtered in their beds. What was more likely to happen, the newspaper explains was that the blacks would have parties and jubilant demonstrations. They will be rejoicing in the fact that Nelson Mandela has been released; he is their torchbearer he is what will keep black people going. ...read more.

Middle

In 1913 Jan Smuts and Louis Botha passed the land act, which meant that blacks couldn't own their own land or practise sharecropping. Basically the land act gave white farmers, cheap black labourers in the long term, however the short term meant harsh suffering for evicted blacks. In 1932 segregation was justified along the lines: blacks were racially different to whites; they were rural people best in tribes lead by chiefs and not suited to city life. So for the welfare of the blacks the Native Economic Commission advised the government to put blacks into reserves, which will be more productive under modern farming methods. This new law increased reserves to 13.5 per cent of South Africa. Other laws were also introduced to keep blacks and whites separated. In 1948 elections were held. The Nationalists published a report saying what apartheid would involve. It was very simple this was obviously what voters wanted as it was a vote winner amongst white voters. ...read more.

Conclusion

Group areas act introduced in 1950, this meant that there were separate housing areas for black and whites. Abolition of passes act, introduced in 1952, this meant that blacks had to carry special passes to say who they were and what they were doing, like why they had left their homeland. Separate amenities act, introduced in 1953, this basically meant that there were separate facilities for black and whites, if you were black you went to a black cinema or black toilet and vice versa. Also in 1953 the Bantu education act was introduced, this meant there were separate schools and education for blacks and whites. The final law to be introduced was the separate representation of voters act in 1956; this meant that there was separate voting in elections for cape colours. As apartheid progressed it became known as white domination, not just segregation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Leanne Summers 10.4 19th October 2000 GCSE History Coursework - South Africa ...read more.

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