• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who do you believe built Castell Morgraig?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Who do you believe built Castell Morgraig? Coursework Most castles in Wales have well documented histories, enabling historians to figure out who built them, where they were built, and what purpose they served. However, some castles remain a mystery with few or no written records such as Castell Morgraig. Over the years, since its discovery in 1895, Morgraig has been a subject of fierce historical debate. Due to the castle being in such a bad state of repair when found, many archaeologists found it impossible to determine who built it; and since then, many historians have come to their own conclusions. The castle was built right on the border between Welsh and Norman lands, and therefore could have been useful for both sides to have. For example, Thomas Gill states: "Either the Welsh or the English could have made use of a castle on this site". On balance, Most evidence suggests that Castell Morgraig was Wesh built because of the location it has been built in and its style of build. ...read more.

Middle

John Owen says, "The four flanking towers at Morgraig are typically Welsh D - shaped apsidal towers...Their presence at Morgraig indicates a North Welsh influence". Evidence also suggests that Morgraig was welsh built due to poor workmanship on the castle. This was usual for the Welsh but not expected of the Normans who had far better skilled craftsmen. J.G Owens says, "I find it difficult to believe that an English Mason would produce such poor quality". Most Welsh castles have ditches around them, but when Morgraig was Discovered there were none. This has been used as an argument to suggest the castle was Norman, but although a ditch would provide defence, it would also make constructing the castle very difficult, as Morgraig was built on the uneven crest of a ridge. Also, the ditches might have been never added to the site, simply because it was never finished. Castle Morgraig was built with Sutton stone and many historians debate fiercely that Sutton stone would have been impossible to transport from Norman controlled land all the way in Ogmore. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many historians also believe that the location would have been an ideal place to plan attacks and see invading Norman enemies from miles away; even across the Bristol Channel. There is a large possibility that the castle was built in order to defend the Welsh border and stop any Normans coming into Glamorgan. The castle could also have been built in order to control what goods left and came into Welsh territory. Many historians argue that Morgraig could have been built as a political statement, a symbol of Llewelyn ap Gruffudd's growing power or even as a symbolic statement to challenge the power of the de Clares who were great enemies of the Welsh and of Llewelyn at this time. J.Owens states, "In my opinion the establishment of a castle at Morgraig was a political statement by the Lords of Senghennydd to define their Southern boundary''. In conclusion, most evidence suggests that the welsh built Castell Morgraig. It is probable that Prince Llewelyn ap Gruffudd built it as a base of attack and to watch over Norman controlled Cardiff. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. History - Castles Coursework

    In the first section I decided that Ludlow was originally used for defence. The evidence I saw was the curtain wall; the curtain wall had many arrow loops, battlements, a wall walk and it had Mortimer's tower in it to support it even more, all these features put together made the castles defence strong.

  2. Warwick castle Coursework

    Warwick wasn't the finest castle at this time, but it was still up there with the best. Dover was now one of the finest castle because it had never been successfully attacked. Concentric castles were introduced to be a maze for any attackers, if they breached the entrance, they would

  1. Was Oystermouth Castle typical of the castles built in Wales during the middle Ages?

    Other Castles? Yet, Oystermouth Castle was not the only castle in Wales built at this time. There are infact many other castles with many great similarities as there are differences. We begin with Penard Castle. Similar to Oystermouth, as it was built on high ground to defend the Gower coastline.

  2. Like most castles in the South of England, all of the changes at Portchester ...

    All of these changes were made during Edward II's reign. He was followed by Edward III, who had to face the problem of the Hundred Years War between England and France. The war lasted for 116 years in total - from 1337 to 1453.

  1. During the Medieval Period why was it important for nobles to build castles?

    William used the motte-and-bailey fort to protect from his army from attack and launch raids on villages a day's ride away, making it effective to a radius of 30 miles. The motte of the motte-and-bailey was a broad mound of earth piled about 20 feet high, with a large wooden

  2. Why was a castle built and maintained in York?

    This rebellion caused so much death and devastation. William wanted this to show any others who were to rebel what would happen to them and their communities. After all of this destruction William rebuilt the castles and dammed the river Foss which gave the castle and extra defence from attackers,

  1. Battlefields Coursework

    Farm, right down to the smallest cemeteries for single Regiments like the Devonshire. The French only have one major cemetery, Notre Dame de Lorette, which is the largest cemetery in the area. The Germans however only have one: Langemark Cemetery, which is of small proportions but holds a great number of bodies.

  2. Ameican Youth Revolt

    Youth Culture Young people in the 1950s had far more money to spend on themselves than any previous generation of teenagers had had, and companies responded with new products specifically targeted towards them. In 1957 it was estimated that the average teenager had between $10-$15 a week to spend, compared with $1-$2 in the early 1940s.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work