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Who Voted For Hitler and Why?

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Introduction

Richard Armes Who Voted For Hitler and Why? c.1928-32 For year's historians have been quarrelling over the question "who voted Nazi", this is mainly because of how incredible the Nazis rise to power was. The Nazis came to power only fourteen years after the party had been formed, this was particularly extraordinary as the Nazis were a right-wing extremist group and managed to get elected into power in the infamous system of the Weimar government, known for its difficult democratic system. Post war historians believed that there was a typical Nazi voter. This person was a middle class, young, male but historians soon realised that it would have been infeasible for the Nazis to get to power to the degree they did with these votes only. Looking at this period more deeply historians found there was infact a wider spectrum of people voting Hitler. The aim of this essay is to answer the question: "Who voted for Hitler and why?" ...read more.

Middle

This was important because large numbers of Catholics had supported the Centre Party and the Nazis wanted to gain their vote. The hatred of the Communists influenced many Catholics to vote Nazi. However, the disunited Protestant area's of Eastern Germany were vulnerable to the new ideas and policies that the Nazi's promoted. The Nazi appeal to religious groups undoubtedly helped Hitler to power. The next reason for why the Nazis got vote is because of their image. Around 1929, Hitler replaced the Nazi parties' image, in order to give it a higher profile. Hitler changed the parties' image by going into partnership with Alfred Hugenberg, who was the leader of the German Nationalist Party. By joining with Hugenberg the Nazis now became associated with a respectable, Conservative Party. Joining the Nationalist party increased Nazi votes because they were no longer seen as a "radical, working class party" but were now seen as a more attractive party to the middle class. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler had lived through the decline of his homeland's economy and could relate to the suffering of the citizens. He also wanted revenge on the 'November Criminals' who surrendered Germany. This empathy made him a powerful influence over the nation's voters. Apart from blaming the November Criminals for the surrender in the First World War, Hitler had a scapegoat to put the blame on for Germany's economic crisis: the Jews. This policy of anti-Semitism sent a clear anti-Jewish message to the people of Germany. This type of attack on the Jews, who were often involved in finance and industry, gave the German people someone to blame for their economic and social problems. This would have given the German people more cause to vote Nazi. This essay has no single answer to the question of who voted for Hitler and why. Many answers can be taken from the factors in this essay. The conclusions must be that many different people voted Nazi for their own reasons, be it their political views, racial attitudes, love of their homeland, or dislike of Communism and the Weimar Republic. Word Count: 1,030 ...read more.

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