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Who voted for the Nazi's, and why, in the period 1930-32.

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Introduction

Who voted for the Nazi's, and why, in the period 1930-32. The support for the Nazi's rose rapidly during the years 1930-32. They went from being a relatively small party to being the largest in Germany. In the 1930 elections the Nazi's managed to get 6.4 million votes which was equivalent to 18% of all votes cast. This was a major improvement on their last election result, which was a mere 2% in 1928. This was the beginning of a successful period for the Nazi's which culminated in Hitler becoming chancellor. In the elections of July 1932 the Nazi's became the largest party in Germany; with a massive 13.7 million votes and over a third of all votes cast (37%). These new parties mainly come from 3 parties, the DDP, DNVP and DVP. These were mainly middle class parties and they swapped to the Nazi's. There were main groups of middle class voters who supported the Nazi's; these were the white collar workers and the farmers and artisans. They voted for the Nazi's for different reasons, the middle class for higher salaries and the farmers and artisans wanted tariffs to boost food prices. ...read more.

Middle

The Nazi's done a survey on why people joined their membership, the main reason was their anti Marxist views, with Volkesgemeinschaft and Hitler were the top three reasons. Other parties also believed in these ideas but did not use them to as much use as the Nazi's did, and when combined with Hitler's speaking skills helped to win over a lot of support. Anti Semitism (which was bottom of the voters list) did not play an important role on the Nazi's electoral success. Hitler muted anti Semitism ideas in the 1930 and 1932 elections. It did matter to the Nazi leadership but not to the general electorate. The Nazi's first electoral breakthroughs came in protestant, rural areas, where peasant voters had earlier registered discontent with traditional representatives from the DNVP. This was surprising as Nazi propaganda had initially targeted urban workers. The areas of Germany with the highest proportion Nazi voters were in protestant farming communities; and by the 1932 elections the stream of peasant deserters and become a flood of new voters. Many rural workers such as farmers and labourers often influenced by estate managers voted for the Nazi's in 1932. ...read more.

Conclusion

The most successful part of the Nazi electorate propaganda was Hitler's new idea of flying to many cities in a short amount of time. He flew to 20 cities in 7 days and often made himself late to heighten anticipation in the meeting as they heard his plane fly over head. He also travelled to the rural areas and made speeches there, which had not been done before by other political parties. This meant that the rural voters now had met Hitler, which they had not done with other parties and this meant that they favoured the Nazi's as they ha seemed to care more than the other parties for there vote. The voters in Germany were becoming dissatisfied with the Weimar government and wanted a strong leader and party which would help pull them out of this bad period, as unemployment levels rose, and the Nazi's put themselves forward as this, and people considered him to pull them out of this slump and into a better age. They wanted an alternative to the weak Weimar government and a party who would stand up for Germany and against the Treaties which they felt were harshly treating Germany. This alternative was the Nazi's. ...read more.

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