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Who was most pleased with the Treaty of Versailles. Woodrow Wilson or George Clemenceau?

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Introduction

Who was most pleased with the Treaty of Versailles. Woodrow Wilson or George Clemenceau? After the First World War a treaty had to be made to punish Germany for their actions. This had to be done as Germany had lost the war and had signed the Armistice on the 11th November 1918. The German peoples were hungry, war weary and demanded peace. The Paris peace conference's job was to write the Treaty of Versailles. Britain, America and France all had representatives at this meeting; the Big Three. The 'Big Three' included George Clemenceau, Lloyd George and Woodrow Wilson. In June 1919, those three powers discussed the peace treaty thoroughly. They all wanted peace, but this was hard to come by the wide scale disruption to Europe during the war. The German people thought that their nation had been 'stabbed in the back' when they learnt of the nature of the treaty. This expression is normally used when something is killed, suggesting that German hopes were killed. This was as they though that their country was winning the war. This idea had been planted because of government propaganda. ...read more.

Middle

The treaty also specifically asked that Kaiser be brought on trial. Kaiser Wilhelm II fled to Holland in 1918, and the Dutch refused to release him. Most people in Britain had wanted revenge and so had gained some satisfaction. Lloyd George was satisfied that Britain had gained most of Germany's colonies, so that after 1919, Britain could recover its wealth and power. France, however, was not satisfied that Germany had been weakened enough. Britain and America promised help to France should Germany threaten her in the future. Wilson's concept of a just peace meant very little to the French. The people did not hold fond memories of the war atrocities. Clemenceau became knows as 'the Tiger' because of his ruthlessness and aggressiveness towards the treatment of Germany. Clemenceau's ideas that he shared included reparations. The north of France was left devastated by the German attacks, and France had spent a lot of money on the war effort. They demanded this money to be paid back; Clemenceau asked for $200 billion. France lost about 1,400,000 men in action, for this the public was angry and demanded revenge. ...read more.

Conclusion

The mandates were made from the German and Turkish colonies. We see Woodrow Wilson's political inadequacy when although the League of Nations was accepted by other representative, America received little else. Self determination did apply to most countries, and Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, but those were the only things they fully achieved. Not all armed forces were reduced though, and self determination only applied to countries who were freed and wanted it, i.e. West Prussia. The League of Nations controlled the Saaraland and other important areas for 15 years until the country decided what they were going to do with themselves. I feel that Georges Clemenceau got more from the peace treaty than Woodrow Wilson. Clemenceau evidently did live up to his nickname, the 'Tiger'. He persisted in his opinions and generally succeeded in his undertakings. This may be because he had somewhat of an ally in Lloyd George. They were both Imperialists, and were both accomplished politicians. In my view, Wilson could have persevered and influenced more in the treaty. He could have utilised his financial advantage to produce more results. I think that Wilson was an idealist, and did not act on these ideas; whereas his counterparts were more realistic and put to use his political power. ...read more.

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