• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why and how did the Cold War develop until 1949?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why and how did the Cold War develop until 1949? The Cold War is the name of the international rivalry between the USA and its allies, and the USSR and their allies, from the close of World War 2 until the collapse of the USSR in 1991. The two most powerful countries, the USA and the USSR never actually fought each other. This is why it's called a 'cold war'. However on at least one occasion it became very close to being a 'hot war', an all out war with nuclear weapons. Even though the Soviet Union had been allies with the USA and Britain during the Second World War, there had always been deep mistrust between them. The countries were run very differently. The Soviet Union was a communist country run by a dictator, Joseph Stalin. Britain and America were capitalist countries run by elected governments. There was no free speech and the Soviet Union was a one party state; no other political parties were allowed. ...read more.

Middle

Stalin stayed the same. Nothing much was agreed at the conference, although the Russians insisted on getting the Germany's reparations. As agreed in the Yalta conference Germany was split into 4 zones. It would be one economic and political unit with joint elections with all four zones. It was used so that in time Germany would be a free democratic country. The British and Americans joined their zones in January 1947 and the French zone was added in 1947 to make one Western zone. Stalin was very suspicious of their behaviour. In 1947 communists in Greece were fighting for control of the country. The USA went to help them even though they had no interests in Greece. President Truman thought the Communism should be 'contained' so that it does not spread any further. This is called The Truman Doctrine. He saw the choice as a simple one, a communist world or a non-communist world. The Americans then gave supplies and support to any country which felt threatened by Communism. In 1947 Europe was in a very difficult economic difficulty. ...read more.

Conclusion

On May 12th 1949, the blockade was lifted. As early as May 1945 Churchill shown his concern about the Soviets occupying Eastern Europe. He called it 'The Iron Curtain'. At first the iron curtain was only a 'barrier of ideas'. It stopped co-operation and the exchange of information but it did not stop the movement of people. In May 1952 Communist East Germany decided to block of its western border. They used barbed wire, mines, ditches, floodlights, watchtowers and soldiers. They said they were doing this to protect against spies, terrorists and smugglers but their real reason were that they were worried about the skilled workers leaving to settle in the west. Secondly, capitalist ideas might spread amongst their people. This physical barrier continued over the rest of Europe Overall, there was a lot of mistrust between the Allies and the Russians even after the war. This caused the Cold War to develop. The Americans were afraid of the soviets expansion in Eastern Europe and the Soviets were afraid of Americans nuclear bomb. They didn't actually fight against each other but they used tactics to get their point across. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did a Cold War develop between the USA and the USSR in the ...

    Not only that, but Russia had increased their army to the biggest in the world, and the USA did not appreciate it because it increased the chances of further actions taken by the USSR. However, the Americans successfully tested an atomic bomb a day before the conference without notifying Stalin

  2. The origin of the Cold War and the partition of Germany

    Stalin was determined that this should never happen again. Stalin did not trust the West. He remembered that the Western Allies had intervened in the Russian Civil War in 1918-1919, and he suspected that they had encouraged Hitler in the 1930s.

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    -> US congress passed a Tonkin Gulf Resolution -> Johnson now could take any measurements to prevent further aggression * In 1965, 3500 US marines and troops came ashore at DaNang - USA was in a war Vietcong and guerilla tactics * Vietcong had about 170000 soldiers (weapons and equipment from USSR)

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    Under Andropov there was a "perestroika team" with Gorbachev a "principle figure" (MG+tEoSP P39). This suggests that perestroika was initiated under Andropov's premiership, not Gorbachev's. There is also the issue of Gorbachev's colleagues ready to "send to hell at any moment the whole of Marxism-Leninism...[to] preserve their own hierarchal positions" (ZA P66)

  1. Discuss the reasons why Germany was central to Cold War rivalry between 1945 and ...

    Problems between the USA and Russia started to occur when British and USA officials started to see the Russian controlled zone as a lost area. The Russians who had no hesitation to use the power of the Red Army to strike fear into anybody who was perhaps going to get

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    The USA believed that the Soviet Union was trying to spread communism 2. The USA had the atom bomb and wanted to use this, together with their superior economic strength 3. Events in Greece Greece At Yalta it was agreed that Britain would have influence in Greece.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    strong trading partners - wanted to help war-torn capitalist nations - Marshall plan - gave aid to Europe - USSR wanted to lead the world to communism - wanted to retain conquered territory that was rich in resources, e.g. Estonia - to do so imposed unequal trade agreements on those

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Briefly explain the role of Nagy in the Hungarian Uprising of 1956 (6 marks) Nagy became the new prime minister of Hungary and he promised to bring in reforms. He promised free elections to Hungarians which was very appealing as most of them opposed the communist dictatorship that Rakosi had upheld.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work