• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why and how did the Cold War develop until 1949?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why and how did the Cold War develop until 1949? The Cold War is the name of the international rivalry between the USA and its allies, and the USSR and their allies, from the close of World War 2 until the collapse of the USSR in 1991. The two most powerful countries, the USA and the USSR never actually fought each other. This is why it's called a 'cold war'. However on at least one occasion it became very close to being a 'hot war', an all out war with nuclear weapons. Even though the Soviet Union had been allies with the USA and Britain during the Second World War, there had always been deep mistrust between them. The countries were run very differently. The Soviet Union was a communist country run by a dictator, Joseph Stalin. Britain and America were capitalist countries run by elected governments. There was no free speech and the Soviet Union was a one party state; no other political parties were allowed. ...read more.

Middle

Stalin stayed the same. Nothing much was agreed at the conference, although the Russians insisted on getting the Germany's reparations. As agreed in the Yalta conference Germany was split into 4 zones. It would be one economic and political unit with joint elections with all four zones. It was used so that in time Germany would be a free democratic country. The British and Americans joined their zones in January 1947 and the French zone was added in 1947 to make one Western zone. Stalin was very suspicious of their behaviour. In 1947 communists in Greece were fighting for control of the country. The USA went to help them even though they had no interests in Greece. President Truman thought the Communism should be 'contained' so that it does not spread any further. This is called The Truman Doctrine. He saw the choice as a simple one, a communist world or a non-communist world. The Americans then gave supplies and support to any country which felt threatened by Communism. In 1947 Europe was in a very difficult economic difficulty. ...read more.

Conclusion

On May 12th 1949, the blockade was lifted. As early as May 1945 Churchill shown his concern about the Soviets occupying Eastern Europe. He called it 'The Iron Curtain'. At first the iron curtain was only a 'barrier of ideas'. It stopped co-operation and the exchange of information but it did not stop the movement of people. In May 1952 Communist East Germany decided to block of its western border. They used barbed wire, mines, ditches, floodlights, watchtowers and soldiers. They said they were doing this to protect against spies, terrorists and smugglers but their real reason were that they were worried about the skilled workers leaving to settle in the west. Secondly, capitalist ideas might spread amongst their people. This physical barrier continued over the rest of Europe Overall, there was a lot of mistrust between the Allies and the Russians even after the war. This caused the Cold War to develop. The Americans were afraid of the soviets expansion in Eastern Europe and the Soviets were afraid of Americans nuclear bomb. They didn't actually fight against each other but they used tactics to get their point across. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The origin of the Cold War and the partition of Germany

    Stalin was determined that this should never happen again. Stalin did not trust the West. He remembered that the Western Allies had intervened in the Russian Civil War in 1918-1919, and he suspected that they had encouraged Hitler in the 1930s.

  2. Why did a Cold War develop between the USA and the USSR in the ...

    Not only that, but Russia had increased their army to the biggest in the world, and the USA did not appreciate it because it increased the chances of further actions taken by the USSR. However, the Americans successfully tested an atomic bomb a day before the conference without notifying Stalin

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    -> US congress passed a Tonkin Gulf Resolution -> Johnson now could take any measurements to prevent further aggression * In 1965, 3500 US marines and troops came ashore at DaNang - USA was in a war Vietcong and guerilla tactics * Vietcong had about 170000 soldiers (weapons and equipment from USSR)

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    which implies those around Gorbachev would willingly enhance perestroika if it was in their own interests. It should also be noted that Gorbachev's word had "ceased to be the word of a dictator" (AtG P14), he could not act unilaterally, so the "blame" for perestroika must be shared among the politicians of the USSR.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Stalin believed that he could only ensure the support of the countries of eastern Europe by setting up Soviet-controlled communist governments 2. US President Truman saw this as a blatant attempt by Stalin to spread communism throughout Europe. What were Cominform and Comecon?

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    3) Ideology - The basic ideals of the USA (Capitalism, democracy and Christianity) were incompatible with the basic ideals of the Soviet Union (Communism, one-party dictatorship & atheism.) Emerging Differences Economic Factors - Different and competing economic goals - USA wanted to build up the capitalist economies of other countries -

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Nagy also promised Hungary to leave the Warsaw Pact. He did not want Hungary to be affected by other political situations; he wanted Hungary to remain neutral. Leaving the Warsaw Pact would symbolise leaving soviet rule upon Hungary. Briefly explain the key features of the beginnings of the Arms Race in the years 1945-49 (6 marks)

  2. How did Stalin take over Eastern Europe between 1945 and 1949?

    After Czechozlovakia, the Soviet take over of eastern europe was achieved. After World War two, despite giving some credit to and recognizing the help of its allies, the Russian people felt that they were, for the most part, the ones who were mostly responsible for defeating the Germans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work