• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Are Unionists and Nationalists divided over the events of Bloody Sunday, 1972?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Are Unionists and Nationalists divided over the events of Bloody Sunday, 1972? There are some facts about the event called 'Bloody Sunday' that are 'undisputed' facts. The first of these facts is that on the 30th of January 1972 a huge protest (approx. 15000 people) took place against internment in the city of Londonderry. The civil rights movement organized this march. Marches at this time were banned so what was happening was against the law. The protestors gathered near the center of the city and troops from the parachute regiment sealed the area off. While the troops did this youths within the protest threw missiles at the troops. The events that followed are what has cause the confusion but one fact that has come out of it is that the members of the parachute regiment fired bullets into the crowd killing 13 people on the day and 1 person late died from related injuries. The next day after the incident the then prime minister launched an inquiry into the events which was to be headed by the lord chief justice Widgery. The result of this report came out exactly 11 weeks after the event and stated that shots had been fired at the soldiers and they were firing in 'self defense' Bloody Sunday happened as a result of number of reasons. ...read more.

Middle

are committed to democratic paths and have no violent connections whereas the IRA have a close connection to the IRA. The main Unionist parties are the UUP (Ulster Unionist Party) and the DUP (Democratic Unionist Party). The UUP are another party which only use democratic paths, the DUP does this also but is a more hardline party. The paramilitaries of the two sides were also different. The Nationalist paramilitaries such as the IRA and the provisional IRA were formed to protect the catholic areas of NI but eventually became the aggressors. 'In the early years of the conflict loyalist paramilitaries simply reacted to the violence of the IRA.' (Walsh 2000 p. 94) That quote tells me that the loyalist paramilitaries were more like a knee jerk reaction of the unionist community. In the weeks and months after Bloody Sunday many Unionists believed what was told in the Widgery report. They believed that the nationalists were the aggressors at Bloody Sunday so in effect got what they deserve and are now causing a fuss over something they started. The view of the British troops as being on their side possibly influenced this reaction, as they wanted to believe that their side was in the right and the nationalists were wrong. ...read more.

Conclusion

'Bloody Sunday' was a dreadful mistake and should never have happened, but there were no orders or directives from on high instructing the paratroopers to do what they did.' (Extract from Provos by Peter Taylor cited in Walsh 2000 p. 93) They still however think of the soldiers who were their as murderers and hold those who died as martyrs to carry on the cause. I understand that people in Northern Ireland are still divided over Bloody Sunday because they want to believe their relative sides. The nationalists have to believe the soldiers were completely in the wrong because they see the soldiers as an invading force anyway so this just distorts their view on Bloody Sunday. The Unionists have to stay on the soldiers' side because they see the soldiers as on their side their guardians if you will. An even bigger reason however is that the nationalists are so adamant that the soldiers are the cold-hearted murderers and fired without provocation. These two sides have to support the opposite sides they cannot admit they are wrong or give any leeway. So in summary I feel the nationalists and the unionists are divided over bloody Sunday because they cannot be any other way. It is built within them that whatever the other faction has said it must be wrong and especially about incidents like Bloody Sunday. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The Guilt of the Protagnoist in 'Cal' by Bernard Maclaverty

    Sentences such as "No one had been killed because the first item was about redundancies in the Belfast shipyards" strengthens this image. These sentences do not only support the view that the IRA are a normal part of everyday life, but they are also evidence of the brutality of life in Northern Ireland.

  2. Why was there a change in the levels of tension between Unionists and Nationalists ...

    The Civil Rights Movement had organised a protest march against internment. Although all of the marchers were seemingly unarmed, the British army opened fire on the marchers, killing thirteen of them instantly. The inquiry which followed accepted the British army's version of events; that they had been fired on first by IRA gunmen.

  1. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    The repercussions of the troops last to this day people having to live with injuries gained from bomb attacks, the money needed to repair damaged property, land and towns and finally the grief families that relatives have died in this never ending battle are going through will never go away.

  2. How far are the tensions in Northern Ireland due the events f 30th January ...

    Many Protestants were murdered in the process as Catholic reign lasted for 7 years. Catholics had burned and killed Protestants in first days of the Plantations, but this was on a huge scale and was the turning point, which ignited the start of the conflict for the rule over Ireland that lasted centuries.

  1. bloody sunday assignment 1

    This proved to be a major turning point. Sinn Fein declared Ireland an independent Republic setting up its own Parliament in Dublin, as well as Police, Government and Law Courts. Sinn Fein also made their point of refusing to take their seats at Westminster. Instead they met in Dublin and declared themselves the first Dail Eireann (Parliament of Ireland).

  2. bloody sunday assignment 2

    splinter groups from the IRA such as the Irish national Libration Army emerged. This again supported the British Army's interpretation of the events, as there may have been violent IRA members that took place in the march. Direct Rule was imposed, and the government tried to solve the problem of the permanent majority of Protestants in Ulster.

  1. What happened on Bloody Sunday?

    The soldiers claimed to have come under sustained attack by gunfire and nail-bombs. None of the eyewitness accounts saw any gun or bomb being used by those who had been shot dead or wounded. No soldiers were injured in the operation and no guns or bombs were recovered at the

  2. Bloody Sunday

    There were over 100,000 licensed guns in Northern Ireland and the troops managed to find 100 guns overall. This operation didn't really have any impact on reducing the number of guns (they only found 0.1% of the guns in Ireland).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work