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Why could the site of Cromford be successfully developed by Richard Arkwright?

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Introduction

Why could the site of Cromford be successfully developed by Richard Arkwright? Richard Arkwright was the first to successfully create a system of mass production. His factories and his methods were widely copied throughout England and around the world. But why was his mill in Cromford so successful? The following essay will explore this. In order to begin developing the Cromford site, Arkwright needed money. To find a financer for his idea he travelled to Nottingham and met Jeddidiah Strutt, owner of a stocking-making business (a big business in the 17th century in Nottingham). With Strutt's money, Arkwright set up a spinning factory in 1769. Without this capital, Arkwright couldn't have set up the factory in Cromford in 1771 where he used his 'spinning-frames' (which could have hindered the mass production of yarn and thread), and he would also not have been able to hire so much cheap labour - a key factor to the success of his factory at Cromford. ...read more.

Middle

Arkwright's success was also due to choice of sites. He and Strutt opened a cotton spinning mill in Nottingham, famous for stocking-making. This was important because it gave him a big market to work towards. Then in 1771, Arkwright and Strutt opened a mill in Cromford, where the whole mill was water-powered. This site was important because he could expand the factory and town, and increase profits without having to waste money on horse power. Arkwright set up a horse-powered factory in Nottingham which didn't require skilled operators. However, Arkwright wanted a continually powered factory that still would not need skilled operators. In December 1771, Arkwright opened the Cromford mill, where there was a cheap, continual power available - water. He leased the right to use water from the River Derwent. ...read more.

Conclusion

Without this technology, Cromford could have never been developed. Arkwright's development of Cromford was successful because it already had many advantages. The site had access to water (from derelict mines and the River Derwent) - important for factory power. Cromford was large, providing him with space to build a working community. It was easier to develop Cromford as it already had a number of required features. I conclude that the Cromford site was successfully developed by Arkwright because of the amount of capital invested in the site and the loyalty of his workers. Arkwright spent the capital effectively to obtain efficient power and cheap labour, and he was able to invest money into the site and continually improve it. Arkwright won workers' trust and loyalty, and they helped to develop Cromford into a profitable industrial town. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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