• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did a campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

Extracts from this document...


Edward Eaton History Coursework Assignment 1 Votes for Women c.1900-28 1. Why did a campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870? Due to educational and property reforms, women gained many of the civil and legal liberties previously exclusive to the male population, and although women could hold professional employment, the inevitable franchise was delayed by repeated failure of bills, leading to frustration and creation of women's suffrage groups. Before the late nineteenth century, women were expected to become mothers and stay in the domestic sphere, looking after the home and children. The husband, usually the breadwinner would have many more rights such as health insurance and property ownership. Working class women were also restricted to low-paying textile factory jobs or domestic service. Due to educational reforms in 1870 and 1890, elementary education was now available to all women, and employment areas were also opened. By 1901, there were 172,000 female school teachers and 212 women doctors. ...read more.


Despite public support, the government stopped Bills for the Women's Franchise. The Women's Suffrage Bill in 1897 was heavily defeated, and parliament had voted nearly fifty times on votes for women by 1914. The women's suffrage bill of 1987 passed a second reading but did not get through, and Shackleton's Conciliation Bill of 1910 had good support, although Asquith argued there was no mandate, as women were not voters. The legal and civil rights women had gained in the nineteenth century caused many people to call for the franchise, and although there was much support for the women's vote, the bills failed to get through parliament. This was partly due to the house of lord's veto until 1911 that blocked the proposals. However, the near successes meant the people who were for the vote became frustrated and called for organised suffrage such as the NUWSS and the WSPU in 1897 and 1903. The theory in the initiation of these groups was to create increased pressure on the government, so that future legislation would be passed, and narrow failures such as with previous proposals would not occur. ...read more.


They set up the Votes for Women newspaper that was hugely popular amongst women. Later, when a moderate leader, Despard, left the union, acts became more radical such window breaking, stone throwing, and then arson attacks, acid on golf courses and telephone wire cutting. In 1913 Minister Lloyd George's house was bombed and later in May, Emily Davison was martyred when she died after running under the king's horse in order to disrupt a race. The tactics used were deliberately violent so as to attract public attention. Suffragettes were often arrested, which would give them more publicity, and once in prison, some women went on hunger strike in order to keep the cause in public view. The leader Emmeline Pankhurst had a very clear view of what she was aiming for, which was disruption in order to create publicity. She herself went on hunger strike ten times and even expelled her daughter Sylvia for socialist and pacifist ideas. The Suffragists were more moderate. There were two main groups, the Women's Freedom League and the National Union of Women's Suffrage societies, set up in 1897 and led by Millicent Garrett Fawcett. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. History Revision for year 11. The Liberal Reforms, the Beveridge Reforms and the ...

    Rationing had shown that government intervention could be effective. Beforehand some politicians had stated that it was impossible to improve the health of the nation; rationing changed it almost overnight. In addition the government provided dietary supplements for the first time, such as orange juice and cod liver oil.

  2. Why Did Anti-Semitism Develop Between 1900 and 1941?

    The most famous example of French anti-Semitism, up to 1939, was the "Dreyfus Case" of 1894.

  1. Why did a campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

    The war effort also changed masculine perceptions of the woman's role in society, they had accepted, though not willingly, women into the world of work, which caused them to also accept them into the world of politics. In 1916 Asquith's position was taken over by Lloyd George.

  2. Why did a campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

    The Suffragettes believed that these timid and indirect tactics were getting their cause nowhere, so Richard and Emmeline Pankhurst set up the Women's Social and Political Union, devoted to attracting media attention to the campaign by any means possible, leading a militant drive towards votes for women, using any means

  1. Why did the campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870's?

    In 1869 women were given the right to vote in local elections, this was a massive boost for women as they could now get involved in local politics and was seen as a massive step towards achieving the vote in general elections.

  2. Why did a campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

    The war meant the two main suffrage movements felt compelled to stop their campaigning and any militancy. If they had continued it, they would have seemed unpatriotic and selfish so the fact that they did put the campaign on hold put the women in a good light.

  1. Why did a campaign for Women's Suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

    The Government felt that it was something best avoided. In 1912, the Franchise and Registration Bill removed most of the remaining qualifications on the right to vote. The government therefore decided it would be easier to give the vote to all men over the age of 21.

  2. "Why Did A Campaign For Women's Suffrage Develop in the Years After 1890?"

    Women were equal to men in their civil duties (i.e. paying taxes, obeying laws), but were excluded from the drafting of legislation regarding these duties. The campaigns for British women's suffrage were partly inspired by the fact that women in New Zealand were granted the vote in 1893.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work