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Why did a campaign for Women's Suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

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Introduction

Wednesday 20-02-2002 Women's Right To Vote Assignment One: Objective 1 1. Why did a campaign for Women's Suffrage develop in the years after 1870? One reason why a campaign for women's suffrage developed was because there was a lot of progress for women in other areas in about 1890. For example, in 1893 women in New Zealand got the vote, which fuelled the British Suffrage movement because it gave them hope that it could happen in Britain. The obvious reason is that the campaign developed is that they wanted equality with men and thought that it was not right for it not to be. In 1867 workingmen in towns had been given the vote, and they thought it was unfair for important women not to have it. Since the early 1870's women had been making more and more developments and been playing a more and more important role in society. They could now be Mayors, nurses, doctors teachers, could vote and sit on school boards, as well as be Guardians of the poor (i.e. run the poor houses). The 1869 and 1882 Municipal Council Acts allowed women to vote in council elections. Many people opposed the vote for women. Although Arthur Balfour (Conservative Party Member, and future Prime Minister) admitted that the next reform of parliament would have to include votes for women, his party was still against the idea and the movement. The Labour Party also began to loose interest in votes for women because women were thought to vote in favour of their opposition, the Conservative Party. Along with this there was also a rise in the number of people talking and writing about it. ...read more.

Middle

The evidence is incontestable, and therefore becomes much more convincing. It would point out to many women's groups who may have been against the movement that they have a very valuable point. 2. Does source B support the evidence of source C about the suffragette campaign? Explain your answer by reference to both sources. Source B does support the evidence of Source C because both of their messages are ones that suffragettes are 'shrilling' and 'shrieking'. It is also promoting the fact that they may have done more harm than good. Although this is true because they are both against suffragettes, they come from very different sources. Source B is written by a woman to show the truth about suffragettes. She is telling a more selective audience (i.e. those who will buy her book so can read, are interested in her views and can afford to buy books), so she is putting forward a reasoned argument as to why the cause was less productive. Source C was drawn by a cartoonist to promote public awareness and perhaps detract women from joining the suffragette movement, and instead joining the suffragist movement - if any at all. More people would also see the cartoon - so it might have more of an impact on the general public. Source B is written by a woman who is against votes for women. We can tell this because she has said that it is a woman's place to give birth to voters rather than vote themselves. In source C he is not obviously against votes for women, rather the methods that some suffragettes are employing. 3. Why, despite the suffragette activity, had women not gained the vote by the outbreak of the First World War? ...read more.

Conclusion

to include almost all men, but still no women. Finally, in Source H we are shown that to believe that it was the war alone is a simplified view. This is from a history book called 'Women's Suffrage in Britain, 1867-1928,' which was written in 1980. This source tells us that the vote was a 'reward to women for their war-time service'. This shows us that although this author believes that the war was mainly behind the vote for women, it is a simplified (not necessarily wrong) view to think so. The source also comments on the fact that only women over 30 got the vote to begin with. This is because they were considered to be more sensible and mature enough to decide whom to vote for by themselves, instead of follow their husbands or fathers. Another reason may be that women over 30 were more likely to have sons that may have gone off to the war to fight, therefore they deserved a reward. Women had helped greatly in all areas of the war effort, not just in the ones we all think of. They kept the country running smoothly. The economy did not crash, and there was enough food for people to live on. As well as that, they made ammunition and still managed to run the house. Despite all their help, when the men came back they all had to give up their jobs. Maybe giving women the vote was almost like a payoff for them all losing their jobs. I think that although it is the view of the government that the work that women did during the war was the only thing that made them get the vote, there were other reasons. I think that although it was mainly the part that women played during the war, there were some other reasons. ...read more.

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