• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did a Cold War develop between the USA and the USSR in the years 1945-49?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did a Cold War develop between the USA and the USSR in the years 1945-49? After WWII had ended in 1945, two big major countries had not been weakened by the war, USA and the USSR, also known as the 'Superpowers.' The outcome of this led to the development of the Cold War and it started with The Potsdam Conference in July 1945 due to the many changes which took place five months before the conference and this affected the relations between the USA and the USSR. The other main reasons for the development of the Cold War increased with the Truman Doctrine Act of 1947, The Berlin Blockade event at 1948-49 and the Formation of NATO in 1949. The Potsdam Conference in July 1945 was a major reason to the development of the Cold War because it had all started then. Since the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the USA and the USSR had done extreme things behind each other's backs which started to raise questions about their relationship at the Potsdam Conference. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore the principles of the Doctrine were to stop Communism from spreading any further by the method of 'Containment,' followed by economic restoration through the Marshall Plan. These ideas go against all of Stalin's actions which again caused the development of the Cold War because it meant that Stalin had to deal with a plan which could potentially reduce the influence and power of communist parties in Western Europe. Due to the Truman Doctrine, Greece was the target country for America to help prevent it from being taken over by Communists because not only was it next closest from being taken, but it was next door to Turkey which was the gateway to the Middle East. A sum of $400 million was sent as economic aid for Greece and Turkey, and the money helped Greek government defeat the communist rebels which served as a warning sign to the USSR to keep out of Turkey which marks the political conflict. ...read more.

Conclusion

This fear was particularly felt during the 'Berlin Airlift' when the Allies were sending aid over to the soviet-controlled side of Berlin, because nobody knew how the USSR would react. Also, to prove the difficult relationship between the Superpowers, Stalin described NATO as an 'aggressive alliance' aimed at the Soviet Union, which demonstrates his disapproving tone. By 1949, we can see definite changes when we compare the relationship between the USA and the USSR since the Potsdam Conference. Their ignorance for one another has caused such events such as the Berlin Blockade and the Truman Doctrine to occur which develop this Cold War, however it was tension and uncertainty which built up the Cold War, but it never turned into a physical war. The fact that the USA believes only in the system of Capitalism and the USSR in Communism, is the root to the development of the Cold War, because this proves how they cannot agree or efficiently work together due to their ideologies, and because of this it separated them and they ended up as enemies instead. 14/02/2010 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    future * U-2 crises * - In 1950 without permission from Truman, US strategic spy flights over USSR Truman then banned them - In 1956 Eisenhower agreed to use new U-2 spy planes (carried powerful listening devices, cameras and flight so high that could not be shot down by USSR)

  2. The relationship between the USA and USSR dramatically changed between the years 1943-56.

    that it is the most important compared to the Potsdam Conference as like I said before, it started of the initial tension between the two superpowers. Another significant event that tested how far each country would go to defend their form of government is shown during the Berlin Blockade that took place during 1948-49.

  1. Which was more important as a reason for the development of the Cold War ...

    However Stalin saw this as an attempt by the USA to bribe the other European countries with dollars so that the European countries would be dependent on the USA and join the USA against the USSR. The communists called this dollar imperialism.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Because the USSR had a less profitable zone, it was agreed that they would receive industrial reparations from the Western zones in return for foodstuff. Another decision was that the Nazi party would be banned. Surviving Nazi war criminals would be punished and tried.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    The USA did not want to punish Germany severely. They remembered 1919 and the lessons they learnt from Versaille Stalin was upset that Truman?s announcement at Potsdam that USA had an atom bomb and that America had the upper hand at weapons.

  2. The Importance of East Germany in the Cold War

    Events such as the Berlin Blockade, the Berlin Airlift and the construction of the Berlin Wall, had a significant impact on war time tensions, especially between East and West Germany, and subsequently created wide-spread panic throughout Europe. The Cold War was a time when the world almost came to an end.

  1. Which was the most important as a reason for the development of the Cold ...

    The nuclear arms race created more jealousy, rivalry, fear and suspicion between the two blocs and continue to deteriorate the relationship between them, which was already very hostile. In conclusion, I think that the Soviet expansion into Europe was more important for the development of the Cold War.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    of the individual and distrusting communism USSR - History of foreign invasions & ethnic struggles with borders - After WW2, Joseph Stalin took control of Eastern European countries out of historical fear of invasion and the need to create a buffer zone between it & the west.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work