• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did a Cold War develop between the USA and the USSR in the years 1945-49?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did a Cold War develop between the USA and the USSR in the years 1945-49? After WWII had ended in 1945, two big major countries had not been weakened by the war, USA and the USSR, also known as the 'Superpowers.' The outcome of this led to the development of the Cold War and it started with The Potsdam Conference in July 1945 due to the many changes which took place five months before the conference and this affected the relations between the USA and the USSR. The other main reasons for the development of the Cold War increased with the Truman Doctrine Act of 1947, The Berlin Blockade event at 1948-49 and the Formation of NATO in 1949. The Potsdam Conference in July 1945 was a major reason to the development of the Cold War because it had all started then. Since the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the USA and the USSR had done extreme things behind each other's backs which started to raise questions about their relationship at the Potsdam Conference. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore the principles of the Doctrine were to stop Communism from spreading any further by the method of 'Containment,' followed by economic restoration through the Marshall Plan. These ideas go against all of Stalin's actions which again caused the development of the Cold War because it meant that Stalin had to deal with a plan which could potentially reduce the influence and power of communist parties in Western Europe. Due to the Truman Doctrine, Greece was the target country for America to help prevent it from being taken over by Communists because not only was it next closest from being taken, but it was next door to Turkey which was the gateway to the Middle East. A sum of $400 million was sent as economic aid for Greece and Turkey, and the money helped Greek government defeat the communist rebels which served as a warning sign to the USSR to keep out of Turkey which marks the political conflict. ...read more.

Conclusion

This fear was particularly felt during the 'Berlin Airlift' when the Allies were sending aid over to the soviet-controlled side of Berlin, because nobody knew how the USSR would react. Also, to prove the difficult relationship between the Superpowers, Stalin described NATO as an 'aggressive alliance' aimed at the Soviet Union, which demonstrates his disapproving tone. By 1949, we can see definite changes when we compare the relationship between the USA and the USSR since the Potsdam Conference. Their ignorance for one another has caused such events such as the Berlin Blockade and the Truman Doctrine to occur which develop this Cold War, however it was tension and uncertainty which built up the Cold War, but it never turned into a physical war. The fact that the USA believes only in the system of Capitalism and the USSR in Communism, is the root to the development of the Cold War, because this proves how they cannot agree or efficiently work together due to their ideologies, and because of this it separated them and they ended up as enemies instead. 14/02/2010 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How did relations between USA & USSR change in the years 1955-62?

    It also left 1000's of Berliners separated from their families causing people to try and climb the wall getting executed in the process by East German soldiers. Ultimately Kennedy would not risk nuclear war over the matter of Berlin and eventually he stood his forces down.

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    There are examples of Gorbachev trying to keep the USSR intact, which further counter the idea that it was his fault that the USSR broke up. In his memoirs he states: "I did not at all intend as some claim today 'to throw the party to the winds of fate'" (MGM P351).

  1. What Caused the Cold War And Who Was To Blame?

    This made them distrust each other further. When it came to who was responsible for causing the Cold War, there were many different views. The Russian historians blamed the west, Churchill and Truman. They said Truman and Churchill tried to destroy USSR, which was just trying to defend itself.

  2. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    * USSR didn't like it * In 1955 USSR signed a treaty with all east communist countries known as Warsaw Pact Co-existence * In 1953 Stalin died and new soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev talked about peaceful co-existence rather than fighting * In 1956 - Poland protest sparked off by rise

  1. Explain why the USA and the Soviet Union did not trust eachother after the ...

    He also made it very clear that Europe needed aid. So in June 1947 General George Marshall announced the start of 'The Marshall plan'. It was a program to recoup Europe that would also stimulate the American economy and consolidate American influence in Europe.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Because the USSR had a less profitable zone, it was agreed that they would receive industrial reparations from the Western zones in return for foodstuff. Another decision was that the Nazi party would be banned. Surviving Nazi war criminals would be punished and tried.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    1. Strategic importance of Poland 1. The Soviet Union?s security was depending on a friendly Polish government. Stalin wanted a communist government in what would remain of Poland. 1. Security 1. The Soviet Union had been invaded from the west by Germany on two occasions. Stalin wanted to create a zone of ?friendly? or ?buffer states? to protect against future invasions.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    brought communists to power - Czechoslovakia - communists won a slight majority - Hungary, Romania & Bulgaria controlled by Red Army - The Communist Information Bureau (Cominform) became an agent of Soviet domination of satellite countries - coordinated the activities of other communist parties in other parts of the world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work