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Why did a crisis develop in 1962 about Cuba?

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History coursework 2 Charlotte Brunning Why did a crisis develop in 1962 about Cuba? A crisis developed in 1962 for many reasons involving Cuba, the Soviet Union and the United States. These mainly occurred because of the worsening situation between the superpowers. The USSR installed nuclear missiles in Cuba, which antagonised the Americans and led to a disagreement and a crisis that could of lead to nuclear war. In 1962 soviet equipment began to arrive in Cuba in the form of 40,000 soviet troops and technicians. This happened because Khrushchev was determined to defend Cuba and find the Americans pressure point. This would deter the United States and strengthen the Soviet position as America had missiles off the coast of turkey. ...read more.


Certain action was taken as the US felt threatened and President Kennedy summoned an emergency meeting the executive committee (Excom) to deal with the crisis. The Americans would not accept the missiles but the problem was how to secure their removal. The idea of air strikes to knock out all the missiles could not be used as any missiles not hit would be certainly used and an invasion would be strongly resisted as Kennedy learnt in the Bay of Pigs in 1961. This led to Kennedy coming out in the open and announced the discovery of the missiles. Several measures would be taken. ...read more.


The crisis started to settle and several soviet ships were turned back. Khrushchev sent a message to Kennedy and made a deal that the USSR would withdraw the missiles from Cuba provided that the US did not attack Cuba and that they withdrew their missiles from turkey. This process was interrupted when a high altitude aircraft was shot down over Cuba and thus making the US angry and ready to attack Cuba. The US aircraft were fully prepared on aircraft carriers and the pilots awaiting the command. Castro then revealed that he would use 6 short-range missiles against the US if they attacked. Kennedy took a gamble and resolved the crisis in which the missiles in Cuba would be removed. All of these factors help the crisis develop and become resolved. ...read more.

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