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Why did a murder lead to war in 1914?

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Introduction

Why did a murder lead to war in 1914? Franz Ferdinand, Archbishop of Austria, and his wife Sophie were murdered in 1914. This event set off a sequence of consequences which ended up in the beginning of World War l. Franz and his wife were shot by a Serb called Gavrilo Princep in Sarajevo. It was this act which gave Austria-Hungary the motive for going to war with Serbia. On the 28th of July 1914 an incident happened in Sarajevo which, some people say could have triggered the war off. Franz Ferdinand (the archbishop of Austria) and his wife Sophie arrived by train for their tour. Unfortunately the tour did not go as planned, they ended up being assassinated by Gavrilo Princip. Five weeks after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie the whole of Europe was at war and the alliance systems were in play. One on side were the countries of the triple entente, France, Russia and Great Britain, supported by Serbia and Japan, formed an alliance against Germany. Opposing this was Germany, supported by Austria-Hungary and Italy. This had the effect of making Germany feel under threat from all round them. ...read more.

Middle

Germany was Austria's ally, so when they attacked Russia, they were going to use their plan that they called the 'schlieffen plan'. They expected Russia to take longer than they did to mobilise. The plan was to go through Belgium, conquer France quickly, then turn back to attack Russia. The Russian army were prepared sooner than the Germans expected, and this ruined the Germans' plan. The Russians were ready too soon for the plan to work and although Russia was weak, they were getting much stronger. In 1914 Germany declared war on France and soon after, on August 3rd, Germany invaded Belgium. By September, the Germans were not far from Paris but they were stopped before they had a chance to attack. The French got great support from the people in the city of Paris. Britain had said that it would defend Belgium if it was attacked, so on the 4th August, after Germany had invaded Belgium, the British government demanded Germany withdraw their troops. The German ministers were not happy about Britain's decision to join the war and refused to withdraw their army. ...read more.

Conclusion

They tried to kill more of the enemy than they lost. The Germans had an advantage as they were the first people to use poison gas as a weapon although soon after, Britain used the tank. By 1917 America had joined the war against Germany and it was becoming clear that the Germans could not win after a massive attack on America collapsed. They gave up and signed a ceasefire which began at 11 am on November 11th 1918. I think that Serbia are mostly to blame for the war, or mostly Gavrilo Princip, as when he shot Franz Ferdinand, the tension between Austria-Hungary and Serbia became much worse. Although the Germans did play a large part in the war I don't believe that it was because of them that it started as they only took part in it when it had already started. Austria did declare the first war but they had good reason to do so. I don't think that it is any one country's fault that the war started as a lot of countries took part but if one country was to be blamed I would say that it is Serbia. ...read more.

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