• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did a murder lead to war in 1914?

Extracts from this document...


Why did a murder lead to war in 1914? Franz Ferdinand, Archbishop of Austria, and his wife Sophie were murdered in 1914. This event set off a sequence of consequences which ended up in the beginning of World War l. Franz and his wife were shot by a Serb called Gavrilo Princep in Sarajevo. It was this act which gave Austria-Hungary the motive for going to war with Serbia. On the 28th of July 1914 an incident happened in Sarajevo which, some people say could have triggered the war off. Franz Ferdinand (the archbishop of Austria) and his wife Sophie arrived by train for their tour. Unfortunately the tour did not go as planned, they ended up being assassinated by Gavrilo Princip. Five weeks after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie the whole of Europe was at war and the alliance systems were in play. One on side were the countries of the triple entente, France, Russia and Great Britain, supported by Serbia and Japan, formed an alliance against Germany. Opposing this was Germany, supported by Austria-Hungary and Italy. This had the effect of making Germany feel under threat from all round them. ...read more.


Germany was Austria's ally, so when they attacked Russia, they were going to use their plan that they called the 'schlieffen plan'. They expected Russia to take longer than they did to mobilise. The plan was to go through Belgium, conquer France quickly, then turn back to attack Russia. The Russian army were prepared sooner than the Germans expected, and this ruined the Germans' plan. The Russians were ready too soon for the plan to work and although Russia was weak, they were getting much stronger. In 1914 Germany declared war on France and soon after, on August 3rd, Germany invaded Belgium. By September, the Germans were not far from Paris but they were stopped before they had a chance to attack. The French got great support from the people in the city of Paris. Britain had said that it would defend Belgium if it was attacked, so on the 4th August, after Germany had invaded Belgium, the British government demanded Germany withdraw their troops. The German ministers were not happy about Britain's decision to join the war and refused to withdraw their army. ...read more.


They tried to kill more of the enemy than they lost. The Germans had an advantage as they were the first people to use poison gas as a weapon although soon after, Britain used the tank. By 1917 America had joined the war against Germany and it was becoming clear that the Germans could not win after a massive attack on America collapsed. They gave up and signed a ceasefire which began at 11 am on November 11th 1918. I think that Serbia are mostly to blame for the war, or mostly Gavrilo Princip, as when he shot Franz Ferdinand, the tension between Austria-Hungary and Serbia became much worse. Although the Germans did play a large part in the war I don't believe that it was because of them that it started as they only took part in it when it had already started. Austria did declare the first war but they had good reason to do so. I don't think that it is any one country's fault that the war started as a lot of countries took part but if one country was to be blamed I would say that it is Serbia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    Sophie, seeing this, exclaimed, "For Heaven's sake! What happened to you?" She sank from her seat. Potoirek and Harrach thought she had fainted and were trying to help her up. The Archduke, knowing his wife better, suspected that she was dying.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    With "Weltpolitik", Germany advanced ambitions for recognition as a world power, with colonies and a large navy. 2. The "New Course" in German diplomacy reflected the growth in the power of a nation that had consolidated its position on the continent and was seeking new outlets for its nationalist and

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    It seemed to indicate that Britain would fight to preserve the status quo, though in a letter to the Queen he denied this was so. b. 1902 the Anglo-Japanese Alliance Salisbury accepted this alliance showed that Britain would involve in some future undertakings with other nations.

  2. Why did the Murder of Franz Ferdinand lead to the outbreak of a major ...

    This was probably because they shared a similar language and religion. Austria-Hungary and Serbia's friendship has been seriously damaged by the Bosnia crisis, which took place in 1908. Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia, thereby taking Bosnia over.

  1. Why did the Assassination at Sarajevo lead to World War I?

    In the 1800's the very large country of Russia was a very backward country, with a large population. It also had a large army, but it was badly equipped and poorly led. Russia was quite a poor country which hardly had any industry at all.

  2. Diary Entries of Lieutenant James Symonds, September to November 1916.

    The trench was wrecked and we were forced to move down to "safety" as the boys called it. We fell in at 8:30 p.m. and entered "Tree Street communication trench" and passed the old fire trench and went up "New Tree Street", which was only about 2 feet deep, then got on the top.

  1. Conditions in the trenches.

    Another tactic was to place a Bangalore Torpedo (a long pipe filled with explosive) and detonate it under the wire. Heavy bombardment was necessary to destroy the barbed-wire. However, this always removed the crucial element of surprise. Many soldiers disputed the fact that shelling was capable of creating a gap in the wire.

  2. How Far Did Weapons and Tactics Change Over the Period of 1914 and 1918?

    They would charge across No Man?s Land in an attempt to reach the enemy trenches where they would aim to capture prisoners and kill enemy soldiers. It was trench warfare that dramatically changed the role of the infantry making the infantry men the backbone of the infantry charge.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work