• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

WHY DID A STALEMATE DEVELOP ON THE WESTERN Front?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHY DID A STALEMATE DEVELOP ON THE WESTERN Front? As the First World War began, many countries were eager about the prospect of conflict. Many thousands of eager young men, wanted to sign up to fight for their country. But they had no idea what to expect and most of them thought it would be over by Christmas. Many of the alliance system countries had war plans: French Plan XVII The French, still angry from their defeat in 1871 and losing the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine, wrote a plan to defeat Germany. This plan was to attack through Alsace-Lorraine into Berlin. They assumed that once the German capital was captured Germany would fall. German Schlieffen Plan This plan, named for after its inventor, Count Alfred von Schlieffen, was to invade France and take Paris within six weeks and then go back to Germany to defend itself from Russia. They were confident that they would be able to defeat France as they had already done this in 1871. ...read more.

Middle

They lost over 200,000 troops in 12 days and retreated back to defend Paris. The Battle of the Marne In this battle the British and French had two distinct advantages. Firstly the German Supreme Commander Moltke had to pull 100,000 troops out of the army advancing towards Paris because the Russians had mobilized far quicker than expected and already invaded Germany. The other was that they didn't have very many supplies. The advance had been so fast that the food and ammunition supplies could not keep up. The plan was also altered. Von Cluck, the German commander decided that they could not swing round Paris so headed directly towards it. While the Germans were advancing on foot the French were using rail and even taxis! The French and British army easily stopped the German army and pushed them back to the River Aisne. But they didn't manage to get them out of France completely. When neither side could make any more progress a stalemate developed and the troops started digging trenches so they would be protected from shells and snipers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Digging the Trenches By 1914 the British had been destroyed and the French had lost around 1 million soldiers (dead or wounded) in only 10 weeks. Even after this loss the French still tried to break through the German lines in Artois and Champagne in December but they were beaten and suffered heavy losses. By the end of 1914 the fighting had become a stalemate. Millions of soldiers had dug lines of trenches stretching from the west sea to the east Alps. This area became known as the western front. Conclusion I think the main reason that a stalemate developed was the trenches. When the trenches had been dug the troops on both sides felt pretty safe from their enemies. This view was reinforced by the fact that, as they had machine guns the other side wouldn't want to attack as they knew they would be easily cut down by machine gun fire. The new technology such as shells and gas made the troops want to stay in their trenches even more as they probably felt safest there. ?? ?? ?? ?? Adam Merrison ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. World War 1 - Breaking of the Stalemate

    The Germans were the first to use gas on a large scale, firing 18,000 artillery shells with tear gas at the Russians in 1915. However, the chemical froze, before becoming a gas, and so failed to work. Over the war, gasses became much more destructive, with some gasses that killed the victims.

  2. Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front during World War One?

    Neither managed to do this and so armies ended up marching all the way to the Belgian coast, where the war stayed for the next four years, their positions hardly changing and building more and more trenches. Due to both French and British troops, and German troops "burying" themselves into

  1. The Battle of Verdun.

    was because of an error of judgement, it could simply be to circumstances that could not have been foreseen, in which case it would not have been because of an error of judgement. Source G shows France standing proud amid the ruin of Verdun and this shows how the French

  2. Why Did A Stalemate Develop On The Western Front?

    they get away from their border line the less supply that would be about to get to them. So they decided to advance straight towards it. While the German Advanced on no other choice that foot, the French diverted troops to Paris by railway and then they were put on the front, some of them were transported by taxi.

  1. Describe the conditions that soldiers experienced on the Western Front in the years 1915-1917.

    they had expected so German troops had to be sent to stop the Russians from advancing. The Germans didn't get through Belgium quick enough as the Belgium army fought back, they blew up railway lines, which stopped the Germans from advancing quick enough.

  2. Was there much change in the fighting methods employed by the British Army on ...

    After three days of fighting at Cambrai, the tanks had driven eight kilometres deep into the Hindenburg Line, and for only a fraction of the casualties. This greatly boosted British troops' moral. By 1918, the 'Mark 5' tank and the 'Medium Mark A' tank had been designed.

  1. The Western Front

    to the sea', as each side tried to reach the coast to establish the most favourable final position. First Battle of the Marne (6-9 Sept 1914): Three German armies were swinging round from Belgium to sweep through France and encircle Paris, in accordance with the Schlieffen Plan.

  2. Was Field Marshall Douglas Haig more important that the allied blockade of German naval ...

    The German Army had been greatly strengthened by tens of thousands of troops who had moved from the Eastern front to the Western front after Russia pulled out of the war. These men had spent time fighting in Russia and were experienced and battle hardened.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work