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Why did Alexander II Emancipate the Serfs in 1861?

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  • Essay length: 2182 words
  • Submitted: 27/10/2003
  • Marked by teacher: (?) Natalya Luck
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GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941

Teacher essay summary

5 star(s)

This is an excellent response that covers all major, possible motivations for emancipation and uses historiography really well to support the points made. It is focused and cogent throughout. 5 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 01/12/2012

The first 200 words of this essay...

Why did Alexander II Emancipate the Serfs in 1861?

The emancipation of the serfs by Alexander II in 1861 was the

inevitable result of a rising tide of liberalism in Russia, supported

by the realisation that Russia's economic needs were incompatible with

the system, and driven by the fear that that without reform the state

itself could be shattered by revolution. Russia's defeat in the

Crimean war was also a major influencing factor as "Defeat in the

Crimean war laid bare Russia's weakness, so well conceived reforms

were set in train and permitted the birth of politics... Russian

tsars had learned little during the century: at its end, they were

still claiming to be absolute rulers."[1][1]

Alexander II came into power in 1855, as the successor of

Nicholas I. He started his reign in a difficult position, as the

defeat of the Crimean war in 1854 cast a shadow over the beginning of

his reign. The peace treaty of Paris finally drew a conclusion to the

war in 1856,

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MbT essay summary

This is an excellent response that covers all major, possible motivations for emancipation and uses historiography really well to support the points made. It is focused and cogent throughout. 5 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 01/12/2012

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