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Why did an organised campaign against segregation and discrimination emerge in the southern states in the 1950s?

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Introduction

Why did an organised campaign against segregation and discrimination emerge in the southern states in the 1950s? As the 1950s progressed in the United States, the assembly of different factors were building mutually together in creating an organised campaign against segregation and discrimination in the southern states. Here is a look into the different beneficial factors to the campaign and how they in turn played their part towards the drive to end segregation and discrimination within American society. One of the key elements towards the campaign were the three big events which took place in American during the 1950s. These were Topeka Brown, The Montgomery Bus Boycott and Little Rock. Topeka Brown saw a court case transpire within the Supreme Court in which the matter of 'separate but equal' within education arose. The Supreme Court judge Earl Warren decided in the favour that segregation in education was wrong and that separate but equal was unconstitutional. This had massive effects as it went against the case of Plessy Vs Ferguson in which the theory of separate but equal was introduced. ...read more.

Middle

The other big event of the 1950s was Little Rock. The scene of this event was set in Arkansas 1957, when the governor of the state Orville Faubus, exploited white racism to help with his re-election campaign. In doing this he surrounded the little rock school with national guards to keep out the black children which attended in reliance to the Topeka Brown case. As the result of the blockade, the use of great propaganda was put into practice and media coverage allowed not only the whole country but also the whole world to see the discriminative behaviour of the US society. In order to save American prestige, the first case of federal intervention was used by President Eisenhower to end the events of little rock. This showed a great step forward for the position of black people in America as discrimination was beginning to be ruled against by not only the legal system, but also the federal government which had supreme control over America. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also was a realist president, as he realised that American sovereignty was being reflected throughout the whole world on the events that were taking place on American soil. As shown earlier, federal intervention was left right up until American prestige was threatened. This showed the American people that federal action would be taken when and if it was required. Overall there were many factors which contributed towards the campaign against segregation and discrimination in 1950s America. The organised groups were to a large extent the main contribution of the campaign as the NAACP and other groups provided a massive basis for black equality to be shown through both the legal courts and also peaceful protest. This closely links with black society coming together and being more self reliant if they wished for the progress in their rights. Earl Warren the leader of the Supreme Court could also be described as a huge beneficial factor of the campaign, as he proved that the white influence had no effect on his thoughts when making legal decisions and the judgment he had went fully on what was right in reflect to what was wrong. Civil Rights ...read more.

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