• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did Britain And France Pursue A Policy Of Appeasement Between 1933 And 1939 Towards Germany?

Extracts from this document...


Why Did Britain And France Pursue A Policy Of Appeasement Between 1933 And 1939 Towards Germany? Was It A Sensible Policy? As soon as he had gained power, Hitler was dedicated to removing all restrictions on Germany. He therefore left the League of Nations in October of 1933. They also left the disarmament conference complaining that it was unfair that Germany was disarmed whilst other major powers had weapons. Hitler planned to create a proper army for Germany and by doing this he also broke the Versailles treaty. Hitler's Foreign Policy had many main objectives, the most important were to re-arm, create a Reich, and lebensraum. By using appeasement, Germany took one step at a time to gain what they wanted. By making demands that the allies overlooked as reasonable ones, Hitler gradually increased his domain. It was not until March 1939 that Hitler actually invaded another country. By this time he had been preparing for war for the past 6 years as his men and arms well in good supply. Some people believed that the treaty of Versailles was unfair to Germany and so thought that Hitler was making reasonable claims. Especially concerning the Rhineland because that was only an occupied part of Germany itself. Those people were for the use of appeasement and approved of Germany's move towards self-sufficiency towards acquiring itself new land or "breathing space". ...read more.


In March 1936, Hitler remilitarised the Rhineland, so the west of Germany could become strong again. This was breaking another of the clauses of the Treaty of Versailles. Although the Allies signed treaties with Czechoslovakia saying that they would do anything they could, they did not have any immediate help or forces needed at that time. Britain and France did not always agree on certain subjects and France was proving increasingly unreliable by pulling out of its previous agreements with Czechoslovakia. At this point Russia had promised Czechoslovakia its support. This ended up being a turning point for Russia and when they were excluded from agreements with Czechoslovakia they decided that the Allies were not to be trusted. Therefore they joined Forces with Hitler and stunned the world by forming the Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact. This meant that Stalin would be making no attempt to aid Poland. Hitler had actually already offered him some land in Poland, to make up for the land lost to the Allies at Brest Litovsk. By now people realized that Hitler had no intent on stopping Germany's expansion. The allies decided something must be done to stop this, and so they rushed to complete treaties with other vulnerable countries nearby Germany such as Poland, Romania and Greece. Although Hitler heard that this was happening, dismissed the possibility of unity between Britain, France and these countries by comparing this situation to the past mistakes the Allies had made. ...read more.


Germany's army and resources had been increasing, it was feared that Germany's large army would start bombing the Allied countries like they had bombed Spain during the civil war. Britain and France had over-estimated the number of Germany's forces however although there was an exaggeration of forces, Germany still had a credible amount of men in the army and a large amount of resources. In this case appeasement allowed the allies time to re-arm and increase arms production. This allowed an extra year in which radar; spitfires, conscription and many more vital resources were introduced and improved upon. The allies certainly needed this time to get their act together and to prepare for potential war. However it also allowed Germany extras time to prepare itself for another war. By using appeasement, the Allies showed no strength to stand up against Hitler/ Mussolini invading other countries and basically encouraged them to continue as they wished. Hitler had closely watched how the Manchurian dispute had (or in this case had not) been resolved. He used this to convince his government to do as he wished and used this to his advantage. The League of Nations had already proved incapable of decisive action to deter or reverse aggression. At that time there was no working mechanism for other countries to support a stand made against Hitler. The public could see everything had been tried to stop war however it was inevitable that in the end they would have had to go to war with Germany. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. To What Extent was British Appeasement to Germany in the Interwar Period Justified?

    Furthermore, "Many in Britain felt Hitler had a good case, and many were also won over by his anti-communist stance and saw him as a useful barrier to Soviet expansion."19 There were many good reasons for supporting appeasement. On the other hand, appeasement was not acceptable.

  2. Asses the impact of Nazi rule on the people of Germany between 1933 and ...

    The Nazis area of control did not only stop there either - even in your own personal leisure time you were affected. The KDF, kraftt durch freude ( strength through joy) had the job of organising leisure activities for the German people. This programme was run by Doctor Robert Ley.

  1. Why did Britain and France pursue a policy of appeasement? Was it successful?

    As a result of the desolation a common consensus was becoming apparent amid the general public. There were no clear societal gains from the war and the obvious economic and political decline of the country showed no gains in that sector either.

  2. British Policy of Appeasement May 1937 - March 1939.

    And, Goering also told Christie that Germany mainly wanted, "a free hand in Eastern Europe!" One month later Hugh Christie told the British government that Adolf Hitler would be ousted by the military if Britain joined forces with Czechoslovakia against Germany.

  1. what were the roots of the british policy of appeasement?

    The meeting was attended by Hitler, Foreign Minister, Constantin von Neurath, Hermann G�ring and Friedrich Hossbach who made a record of what was said at the conference. Hitler had also always wanted an Anchluss (connection) with Austria. He attempted this before in 1934.

  2. Is "appeasement" as a kind of cowardice?

    And we can see how the policies that they did follow laid the groundwork for the crisis of 1938 and the war that followed. Hitler didn't just happen. Allied policy, including that of the United States, must share a lot of the blame for Hitler's rise to power and the damage that he did.

  1. ­­How much support was there for the Nazi regime between 1933 and 1939?

    However, this is in a diary, so I think that I can assume that this is a fair account of what actually happened. The lack of support described above could be because of the resistance of the underground parties,

  2. Why was Hitler able to pursue an expansionist policy during the inter-war period? What ...

    France, were the biggest enemy of Germany, the foreign policy adopted by the western democratic powers created a favorable condition for Hitler to pursue his expansionist policy. First of all, due to the Great Depression 1929, the United States urgently needed a peaceful period for her recovery during the inter-war period.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work