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Why did Britain go to war over Poland in September 1939?

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Introduction

Why did Britain go to war over Poland in September 1939? There were many reasons why Britain decided to all to war over Poland in September 1939. Britain had already tried to pacify Germany by granting them concessions, however this had been unsuccessful. Also there had been many changes since September 1939 such as the vast increase in military spending and now the rearmaments were near completion, and this may have been a window of opportunity for them to defeat Germany, and as war seemed inevitable at the time, it would have been better for Britain to fight now rather than later. If they kept the policy of appeasement, then Britain would be required to keep on rearming at the same pace as Germany to enable them to compete, if war broke out at any stage, and Chamberlain was informed that his military was at its peak. Chamberlain also knew he couldn't maintain a high level of spending on quality military armaments, without seriously harming the economy. ...read more.

Middle

The views that Britain had of Hitler were confirmed after he made a threatening speech in January 1939 "promising the destruction of the Jewish race in Europe." Chamberlain thought if you gave Hitler some of the demands, which he requested then he would calm down. However this wasn't the case, as it soon became evident, that Hitler could only be appeased with until, he wanted another demand fulfilled, as he occupied Lithuanian port of Memal and the rest of the Czech states, Bohemia and Moravia in 1939. However this couldn't be justified by Hitler as it wasn't land confiscated after World War One and nor could Hitler claim he was trying to unite all the Germans. Therefore he had no justification to claim these lands. So when Hitler requested Danzig and the Polish Corridor in 1939 his demands had to be rejected. Britain and France then guaranteed full support to Poland on March 31st 1939 and that if she was attacked that Britain and France would come to her aid. ...read more.

Conclusion

However it has been argued that this could have been the last request of Hitler and that Britain should have persevered still kept the policy of appeasement, but we cannot know what Hitler might have done later. So therefore Britain went to war over Poland in 1939 because appeasement had failed, Hitler had shown he couldn't be trusted and now Britain was better prepared for a conflict. Plus Britain air defense were now ready and so was their military as whole, and if war was imminent, it was better to have war sooner rather than later as defense spending couldn't go on indefinitely, as it would be a drain on the British economy. This also seemed the best opportunity that Britain would get to go to war, as the military was at a peak and Britain weren't able to maintain their military to this high standard without seriously damaging the economy. GCSE History Coursework : Assignment One Candidate Number : 2294 Centre Number : 14488 Othman Majid UVE - 1 Question 3 ...read more.

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