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Why did Britain Have an Industrial Revolution Between 1750 and 1850?

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Introduction

William Keith 27/11/02 Why did Britain Have an Industrial Revolution Between 1750 and 1850? The industrial revolution happened in Britain around 1850 and not finishing for a century. Britain was the first and all the other countries followed. In some countries, the industrial revolution has not happened yet; in all others, though, it is, in a way, still going on, because of the fact that technological advances are still happening. In Britain, the revolution saw changes in all aspects of industry. Not just in that factories and mass production were introduced, but in economy, trade, population, labour etc. There were even changes in agriculture relating to the other industrial changes of the time. Efficiency was also enhanced because of the large number of business enterprises situated within a limited area. This made people more competitive and, therefore, willing to push harder for better quality goods, in less time. During the revolution, there was a great change in the population. Not only in the total amount of people who lived in the country, but also in the amount of people living in the different areas. ...read more.

Middle

Abraham Darby II was the first to make iron products by casting it (pouring it into a mould), rather than hammering it into shape (wrought iron). Abraham Darby III specialised in making things out of iron that had never been attempted, for example, the first ever iron boat and the first ever iron bridge. The Darby family gave the name of Coalbrookdale to the area where they lived. These advances in metalworking were an important part of Britain's industrialization. Because of them, iron, a cheap, strong and abundant resource, could be used for things like machinery in many industries. Another key aspect of the revolution was that Britain had many individuals who were willing to risk all the money they had to create factories that could mass-produce items. These inventors and entrepreneurs set up many factories. There were also people like Richard Arkwright who invented a new type of cotton spinning machine. This replaced the old spinning-jenny type of spinning wheel, where one person would sit at it and spin cotton. ...read more.

Conclusion

The "new world" (i.e. the east) was becoming more and more explored and, due to more long haul trading routes being needed, better and faster boats were required, once again increasing the demand for new inventions. There are many, many more connections that can be made between the causes of the industrial revolution; however, I think that the most important cause was the fact that there was such demand for advancement. The least important cause, however, is very difficult to determine. This is because, when one goes down the scale of importance, there are multiple reasons for how important a cause is. However, I think that the least important cause is the fact that Britain was at peace. This cause did not contribute much to the revolution, nor would it have taken much away, had the country been at war. This is for the reason that, even at times of war, there is technological demand. At war, in fact, there is greater demand than ever and so, having war may have even sped up the revolution. ...read more.

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