• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did British troops enter northern Ireland in 1969

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did British troops enter northern Ireland in 1969 ? Ever since the colonization of Ireland in the 16th century ,under the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1 ; Catholics have suffered a continuous flow of discrimination and abuse from the protestant community . Over the years , the protestants grew steadily more wealthy and the catholic became rapidly poorer. Years passed along with little violence until conflict erupted when the Irish weren't given home rule . This eventually lead to protests such as the Easter Rising in 1916 which was carried out by protesting catholic nationalists . This gradual growth of conflict led to the partition of Ireland in 1921 . For 35 years , the protestants continued to discriminate against the catholics in relatively obvious ways . However , in 1956, the protestant discrimination of the catholics became subtle and was often used to keep protestants powerful and wealthy .For example , the gerrymandering of the political system ensured that the protestants were kept in powerful parliamentary positions . This lead to almost 2500 people being disenfranchised . Another example was that of employment . During 1959 , there was lot of unemployment in northern Ireland and so the council decided that employment would become a protestant privilege . ...read more.

Middle

These groups used non violent direct action to achieve their goals and provoke a reaction from the protestants .For example , catholics squatted in protestant council houses . These groups wanted to give the catholics rights and have a change in the political system .In time , these civil rights groups became socialist and decided to help all disadvantaged groups in society . And , in August 1968, the first civil rights march took place . The newly created civil rights groups caused the outrage in the protestant community and further lead to the unionist backlash in 1968/9 .The protestants became angry and fought back against the civil rights groups . On 5th October 1968, the civil rights march took place in Derry .The protestants , however, announced that they would be marching on the same day . The government, realising that there could be trouble , banned both marches form taking place. This gesture was overlooked and both groups marched anyway .This led to violence , conflicts and riots. By then , the government realised that they were losing control of the situation in Ireland and called out the RUC and the special B's to calm the situation down . ...read more.

Conclusion

This act led to the occurrence of the Battle of the Bogside . The mass media got full coverage of this battle and sent the pictures to Britain and the rest of the EU. Upon seeing the situation in northern Ireland , the prime minister of Eire made a plea to the British government and , on 14th August 1969 , British troops entered Northern Ireland . They are still there to this day . In conclusion ,troops entered northern Ireland in 1969 because of 3 main reasons : protestant fears , discrimination and rising violence in the community . I think that the most important cause is the discrimination because without it , the catholics would have had no reason to be so angry with the protestants .The second most important cause is , I believe , the success of the civil rights groups in America as they inspired the catholics to stand up against the protestants . The third and last important cause is , in my opinion , the protestant fears as they fuelled the discrimination of the catholics .If the protestants weren't so paranoid about what would happen if Ireland was reunited , they would have had no reason to discriminate against the catholics . ?? ?? ?? ?? Lisa Casemore ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    The Nationalists believed that the British were an occupying army and wanted separation from Britain, whereas the Unionists wanted Ireland to stay part of Britain as they felt that though they were British by ancestry, Ireland was their homeland. Over a large amount of time there had been many deaths, many injuries and a lot of disrupted lives.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    They've even used the word Socialist. It was only the officials who used the word Marxist. And when they used the word Socialist, it was a particular Irish variant of Socialism because it was defending the working class. In fact, it was so much verbiage, the Provisionals, just as much

  1. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    In 1979 Gerry Fitt resigned from the party saying that it was renouncing its socialist principles and was becoming more 'green Nationalist'. John Hume replaced Fitt as party leader. In 1982 the party was against the plan for 'rolling devolution'.

  2. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    Like many people had guessed, things did turn ugly and when they arrived at Burntollet Bridge, waiting for them, were a whole lot of angry Protestants. The Protestants violently attacked the marchers and only 30 of the 80 marchers were uninjured when they arrived at Derry.

  1. One political reason that the Protestants opposed the CRA was because they thought it ...

    But was it all a cover? The Cameron report goes on to say that the CRA "it was non- sectarian and concerned only with obtaining reforms and changes in the law". Eamonn McCann's views are different to those of the Cameron Report. The DHAC invited the CRA to hold a march in Londonderry.

  2. Northern Ireland Assignment Section 1: How have groups within each community tried to achieve ...

    They believed, like many republicans, that attacking the British and intimidating them would make them feel threatened into giving Northern Ireland back to the Republic. They believed that violence would help them achieve their aims and their attacks got worse as the British and the Unionists refused to back down.

  1. Why Did The Catholics Turn Into The Monsters Of The 16th Century?

    If they had to, they had his permission to kill the reigning monarch. Anyway, these undercover priests came into England to cause havoc according to the Protestants. To the Catholics there was quite a different reason. Their opinion was so that they could carry on worshipping in the way they wished.

  2. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    we, the elected representatives of the ancient Irish people in national parliament assembled, do in the name of the Irish nation, ratify the establishment of the Irish Republic and pledged ourselves and our people to make this declaration effective by every means at our command'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work