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Why did Chamberlain sign the Munich Agreement on September 30th 1938

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Introduction

Why did Chamberlain sign the Munich Agreement on September 30th 1938? There are many reasons Chamberlain signed the Munich Agreement in 1938. There were many ideological reasons and some pragmatic. Some also believe Chamberlain was being na�ve when he signed the agreement. The obvious reason the agreement was signed was because it was a part of appeasement. An ideological reason was that he wanted to avoid war at all costs, and did the rest of Europe. This reason is most likely due to Chamberlain's 'trusting nature' as he thought Hitler would stick to his word and not ask for anything else. ...read more.

Middle

However this could link to pragmatic reason as Chamberlain may have believed that it was not possible to save Czechoslovakia which means the only reason he gave them up is because he knew he could not win. We see evidence of this in conferences they had, Eduard Benes hardly had any say in the matter. There may be another pragmatic reason for the signing. Before the meeting in Munich, Chamberlain was told by the head of the Britain's armed forces to check if they were ready for war and he told him that they needed 12 more months. ...read more.

Conclusion

As half of Czechoslovakia's population was German, they thought it would only be logical for them to be allowed to gain control over it. And Chamberlain had to also obey the public or he would be very unpopular and may even be sacked. He needed public backing for war otherwise he would not be allowed to fight. I think Chamberlain signed the agreement because of ideological reasons. Czechoslovakia was worth giving up to Hitler in return for peace. No one wanted another war after what they experienced in WW1. Chamberlain was not thinking realistically when he signed the agreement because if he was, he would have seen Hitler's intentions. Word count: 426 ...read more.

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