• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did Franklin D. Roosevelt introduce The New Deal?

Extracts from this document...


Why Did Franklin D. Roosevelt introduce The New Deal? In the following pages I shall answer the above question by analysing five main points. These are; Causes of the Wall Street Crash, economic consequences, social consequences, disillusionment of Herbert Hoover and the Republicans and what Roosevelt hoped the New Deal would accomplish. When Roosevelt came to power in 1933 the country was in a state of complete calamity. The public were in urgent need of a directional leader. Herbert Hoover had given them no help in four years. "Too little, too late." The Republicans refused to interfere resulting in an obvious Laissez-faire attitude, which meant a lack of federal support at a time when Americans were frantic and subsequently ineffectual policies followed e.g. RLC. One of the first problems was the agricultural depression. It just made things worse. Over-production, unwelcome black share croppers and the 'Okies' kept adding to already apparent problems. In spite of all these complications there was still the huge issue that was the great depression. In fact it was so abysmal that it exacerbated the Agricultural Depression. The effects of this cataclysmic shadow were economic and social. Tuesday, October 29th was Black Tuesday. It was the first domino to be pushed in the run up of the Great Depression. The Wall Street Crash was a tragedy as a result of a hidden America. ...read more.


This had happened in the twenties in order to protect the American industry from foreign competition but now because imports had high tariffs countries had retaliated and put their prices up. America couldn't afford export their goods. Accordingly business was cut and production fell. The Industrial and Agricultural manufacture was reduced by forty percent. These cutbacks led to employers not being able to afford to pay employees with decent wages or even have many staff. Therefore unemployment rose greatly. Fourteen million people were unemployed by 1933 blatantly leading to even less purchase of produce. Overproduction wasn't the only major consequence, the banking crisis also worsened. Between 1929 and 1933 the number of banks bankrupt went up by over four thousand. That's and average of over eighty three banks a month. Herbert Hoover was nowhere to be seen. His Laissez Faire attitude was clearly making America the victim. The Americans withdrew their savings for fear of even further loss. A prospect becoming very likely. Facing additional cost was something that they were beginning to do. There was then the social aftermath that America was left with. Towns had queues of people lining up for soup and bread, food was becoming a luxury. Immigrants looking for work lived in shanty towns also known as 'Hoovervilles'. The wealthy were affected less an could afford to throw away their scraps. ...read more.


"The only limit to our realisation of tomorrow will be our doubts of today." His enthusiasm was undeniable and won over the unaided and vulnerable people of America. His main aim was to regain the American's trust in the banks again. The economy was dire and to get it back the banks were the obvious first step. He next wanted to help save property and savings for the gloomy Americans. Their outlook so far was poor and Roosevelt wanted to be the light at the end of their tunnel. American industry and Agriculture seemed to have fallen forever. But Roosevelt's passion and genuine concern gave hope that sometime in the future industry would be alive again. Unemployment was high and the jobless were resorting to the inevitable bleak future of Hoover. Nevertheless Roosevelt swooped in and gave hope top them. His promise of never ending jobs rang in the unemployed ears like a favourite tune. A tune that hadn't been heard in many years. Finally he wanted to supply relief for the old, sick and unemployed. Their appalling circumstances were in need of a an overhaul. Roosevelt equipped them with courage in his policies and he seemed to be helping greatly. As the great man himself once said, "Men are not prisoners of fate, only prisoners of their own minds." That fire in his belly made Roosevelt the conqueror of desolation, the hero of the Great Depression. Or was his fervour a facade? As the1930s entailed the answer is apparent. GCSE History Coursework Hattie Huckle ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. The crash (causes and consequences of the Wall Street Crash)

    Unemployment Money for investment dried up. Workers lost their jobs as more and more companies went out of business. As unemployment rose, people had less money to spend. There was, therefore, less demand the products and more companies went under. This was known as the cycle of despair.

  2. The Roaring Twenties

    By 1927 drunken driving offences had soared by 467 %. Prohibition appeared to have created more problems than it was intended to solve. It was finally abolished by the Democrat Roosevelt in 1932. Although many were living lives of prosperity, the blacks of America still suffered greatly.

  1. The Roaring Twenties

    * Clubs were laid back and people found them as relief from the stresses of daily life. * Many people wore little clothes to clothes. * Many people disagreed with the actions of clubs as it was against bible beliefs such as gambling.

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    World War did that,' by saying that inflation had doubled prices, that 'he had 11 million unemployed,' that taxes and debts were rising and that 'the war rescued him and he seized on it like a drowning man. By leading his country into war he was able to put every man and woman into work.'

  1. History Coursework: The New Deal

    Americans were relatively rich compared to Europe and so many Americans invested money in the stock market. Even those who were poor were able to take part as banks lent out money as credit. Many poor people became speculators who bought shares, then sell them quickly to make a profit and pay back the banks.

  2. To what extent was Roosevelt's New Deal the reason why America was able to ...

    it as the government interfering in things that were not their concern. Also the wealthier members of society believed that because Roosevelt was a rich man they expected him to help them but instead he raised taxes on the well off and ignored their desires.16 The start of WW2 would

  1. In this piece of coursework I will be discussing why Franklin D Roosevelt needed ...

    Although during the depression he did not do much to help the poor or people who needed urgent help because their finances were in such a terrible state.

  2. The Roaring Twenties

    They had 4 beliefs in total which helped them to secure a good partnership with the American society. Their first belief was ''Laisses - Faire'', this meant that the Republicans believed that the government shouldn't really interfere with the everyday lives of American people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work