• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Haig decide to fight the battle of the Somme ?

Extracts from this document...


The battle of the Somme began on the 1st July 1916 at 7:30 am in the morning and lasted until November 1916.the plan was to advance 9km stretch of German trenches. Which suffered the worst ever casualties in history, well over 600,000 killed missing or wounded. Britain was ready to attack at the battle of the Somme because lord Kitchener the minister of war foresaw that the war would not soon end so he would build a new 'new army', which was made up of civilians volunteers from all over Britain 1,200,000 men enlisted. They had 2,000 guns, 3 million rounds of ammo, land mines and shells, which they used in the bombardment. ...read more.


The casualties were even worse then verdum.haig launched an attack in 1916 with all the solders and all the weapons he was given. Over two million shells were fired over the German trenches in five days, but at least one third of these shells failed to explode. The bombardment had not killed the German solders like the British had thought they had been sheltering in very deep and well built dug outs and tunnels and to make matters worse the sharped had failed to break the German wire. So when the men went over the top walking into no man's land they got shot down by the German machine guns, the British thought the stalement was at an end through the amount of ...read more.


The great advances had strained supply lines and the morale of the troops was lowered. By mid July the German army was in retreat. On 8 August the Battle for Amiens (also known as the Third Battle of the Somme) commenced when a combined Australian, British and Canadian forced attacked the Germans eastwards from Villers-Bretonneux. The offensive broke the German line so thoroughly that most of their field artillery was overrun and captured. The battle goes down in history for the highest number of innocent solders killed in a day. Haig claimed the battle of the Somme as a victory but the many historicizes have disagreed yes it did relive the French at Verdun but at the high cost of innocent solders lives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. The Battle of The Somme.

    Source B: (Haig communicating to Lloyd-George during the Somme) At this time Haig was not actually the Prime Minister, but the minister of munitions, given the job of dealing with the militaryÆs arms. There are two ways of looking at this source. Firstly we could see it as Haig trying to pass the blame onto Lloyd-George, basically stating that

  2. Dunkirk and The Battle of Britain.

    The German's had set "Eagle Day" for 10th August, as soon as the radar network had been taken out. By now, the weather intervened and the attack on the radar stations could not take place until August 12th. The Germans did manage to severely damage the radar network - but

  1. The Third Battle of Ypres

    an absolutely impossible one because it created a ground of quicksand-like proportions! Nevertheless his preliminary 2 weeks bombardment was so severe that one German division actually deserted its front. Unfortunately the German counter-battery fire was not affected and the Australian artillery suffered greatly as it had to be exposed on the open flats.

  2. Why did Haig decide to fight the battle of the Somme in 1916 and ...

    The shells were inadequate to the German's, who were unaffected by the bombs because of their concrete bunkers, and then just 'manned' their machine guns and cut down the troops walking in a line towards them. The British troops also found the Battle extremely difficult as they fought very much

  1. The great war: The battle of the Somme.

    but the generals still wanted a war of attrition, wearing down the enemy regardless of the casualty figures, until their morale collapsed. They were also far from the front; they followed rigid plans that allowed no freedom to the officers at the front.

  2. Was the Battle of the Somme a disaster or a victory for Britain?

    he arrived and had to stay there and fight for another 4 years. This man obviously survived and this is an excellent source to work from as it is told in the past tense by a soldier who actually fought the whole war and survived to tell the tale.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work