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Why did Haig decide to fight the Battleof the Somme?

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GCSE History Coursework Why did Haig decide to fight the Battle of the Somme? Haig decided to fight the battle of Somme for four main reasons. These reasons were to relieve the French at Verdun, to weaken the Germans, to break the stalemate in the war and Britain was ready. The Battle of the Somme was one of the most important battles in World War 1 and lasted from July - November 1916. During the battle over 1.2 million causalities were caused, this were 620,000 Allies and 460,000 German. On day one alone 60,000 British troops were injured or killed. The outcome of this battle was that only 9km of land were captured by the allies; meaning 3 men died for every foot of land. ...read more.


As well it was not flat and muddy like Flanders and had good observation. The British were ready for an attack on a big scale because of conscription. Conscription was introduced in 1916 and this resulted in more men in the army. The Commander- in Chief of the British armies in France, Sir Douglas Haig believed it didn't matter how many lives were lost as long you won the battle, as it was a war of attrition. In addition more ammunition was being produce than ever before, this was due to the 1915 Munitions Act where production of weapons increased rapidly. Haig's plan of attack was to build up the army and its supplies through conscription and the 1915 Munitions Act. ...read more.


The army would advance across No Man's Land and occupy the German defences. As more men came across No Man's Land this would lead to end of stalemate between the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. Haig believed that they had an effective method of attack because he believed that a huge army of men was the main key to success to win the battle The expected results from this attack was to inflict heavy causalities on the Germans, increase pressure on them as they were fighting on 3 fronts at Verdun, Eastern and Somme. This would ultimately cause Germany to be weaker. It was also to relieve the French at Verdun and to breakthrough the German front line and bring the end of stalemate. Stephanie Ghartey 10/0 Ms Hancock ...read more.

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