• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933? For ten years Germany was governed by the Weimar Republic - which endeavoured to be as fair and democratic as possible. The coalition government was just left of centre, and was continually elected by the German people. Yet, from 1929 onwards, support for the coalition government rapidly waned, and there was a shift to the extremes. By 1933, the German people had elected Hitler; a fascist, power hungry dictator, who despised democracy; and would turn Germany into one of the most notorious dictatorships the world had ever known. What caused the German people to lose confidence in the Weimar Republic, and turn to a system of government so disparate in its values? The Weimar Republic itself, although it fulfilled the characteristics of a democracy, giving universal suffrage and equal indiscriminate rights to its people; had its weaknesses. Prior to its establishment, Germany had been a monarchy. The people of Germany had never been used to democracy - it was forced upon them by the Allies, who named the abdication of the Kaiser as a condition of the WW1 peace treaty. Consequently the Weimar Republic was on very uneasy footing - the political landscape of Germany was chaotic-it was a time when many political philosophies were flying around; untried and untested in Germany; especially with Russia fallen to Communism in the east, and Italy under a fascist regime in the South. ...read more.

Middle

The terms of the treaty destroyed this military might, by reducing the amount of soldiers in the army from a few million to 100,000. . Hitler was all for rearmament, which Hitler believed was indispensible in creating a powerful Germany. He hoped to achieve strength through military conquest, gaining 'lebensraum' or 'living space' for the German people. This ideology attracted support from nationalists and the many demobilized soldiers in Germany. Hitler perpetrated the myth that the Weimar politicians had 'stabbed Germany in the back' by signing the treaty of Versailles, thereby inciting hatred of the social democrats and other pro-democratic parties. Many soldiers and members of the public believed that Germany could have won the Great War, urged on in this belief by army generals falsely claiming that the army could have carried the war on successfully. In truth the German army would invariably have been defeated, what with the British naval blockade of German ports stopping essential supplies reaching the military. Conditions were so bad that naval officers mutinied when ordered into a suicidal battle with the British Navy. The truth, however, did not matter to Hitler, as long as he could use the myth to gain more votes. The Nazis party's blatant hatred of Communism attracted the upper and middle classes. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nevertheless he was unable to maintain his position as chancellor, because he failed to get enough support from the Reichstag. Hitler was the only man left for the job, as he had the most legitimate claim towards it because he had the most support from the Reichstag - and the Nazis would probably revolt if he was not given the chancellorship. Franz von Papen assured Hindenburg that if he appointed Hitler as chancellor, and von Papen as vice-chancellor, Hitler, who had no experience of the job, could be controlled by von Papen. In this way, Hitler went from being the leader of an obscure right wing party to the last chancellor of the Weimar Republic. It is intriguing that he achieved this through the support of the German people, using democracy's weaknesses to cause its own downfall. Of course, he capitalized on the opportunities presented by the Great Depression, and it was from then on that the Nazis gained real momentum, but one could say that the Great Depression was a disaster waiting to happen; on the backs of loans taken out to fix the crisis of hyper-inflation, and to pay back reparations. In the end, though, it was a desperate people, searching for hope, guidance, and most of all, strong leadership, who enabled Hitler to reach the height of power with which he could implement his policies, and turn his ideals into reality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as chancellor?

    Another problem was the military restrictions. The German army was unable to protect itself due to its small size and small budget. After 1923 the Nazi party hardly grew for the next 6 years, yet the Treaty of Versailles was still in force.

  2. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    In 1929 an economic crisis hit Germany. The Wall Street crash had occurred in America and this had effected the world's economy. In Germany, the effects were devastating, especially after America recalled her loans and hence left Germany with no stability, as she had heavily relied on American strength to support her.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933

    During the years of the depression, the Nazis gained a higher percentage in votes than the Communist Party. The Nazis made certain comments and rumors about the Communists which strengthened the Nazi support but caused a great fear for them.

  2. How and why did Hitler become chancellor in 1933?

    Nevertheless, soon things started to resolve. Von Hindenburg, the leader of the government, arguably did his best to assure Germany's economic prosperity. A new currency was launched, the Rentenmark, and as a result of these measures the French agreed to leave the Ruhr and inflation stopped.

  1. adolf hitler

    and the German Communist Party (89) still had the support of the urban working class and Hitler was deprived of an overall majority in parliament. Hitler demanded that he should be made Chancellor but Paul von Hindenburg refused and instead gave the position to Major-General Kurt von Schleicher.

  2. How Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933

    and Hitler promised this. The army was known as the SA (stormtroopers/brownshirts) and was used to beat up opponents so that when it came to elections the opponents were too afraid to turn up, meaning Hitler got more votes. A further strength which attained more support was Hitler's well known 'stab in the back' theory.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933

    The unpopular economic policies, presidential rule and the rise of extremist made the people loose its trust towards the Weimar Republic. Germans had judged their country's success by its economy and if the economy was failing, the German's pride had gone down the drains.

  2. Nazi Germany - who supported Hitler and how did he become a dictator?

    1928 was a year where things were getting better for Germany, so the Nazis won few seats. Their anti-semitic policies had gained them more support, but they hadn?t won over the workers, who more radical political views and were more likely to support the Communists.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work