• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933?

Extracts from this document...


Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933? For ten years Germany was governed by the Weimar Republic - which endeavoured to be as fair and democratic as possible. The coalition government was just left of centre, and was continually elected by the German people. Yet, from 1929 onwards, support for the coalition government rapidly waned, and there was a shift to the extremes. By 1933, the German people had elected Hitler; a fascist, power hungry dictator, who despised democracy; and would turn Germany into one of the most notorious dictatorships the world had ever known. What caused the German people to lose confidence in the Weimar Republic, and turn to a system of government so disparate in its values? The Weimar Republic itself, although it fulfilled the characteristics of a democracy, giving universal suffrage and equal indiscriminate rights to its people; had its weaknesses. Prior to its establishment, Germany had been a monarchy. The people of Germany had never been used to democracy - it was forced upon them by the Allies, who named the abdication of the Kaiser as a condition of the WW1 peace treaty. Consequently the Weimar Republic was on very uneasy footing - the political landscape of Germany was chaotic-it was a time when many political philosophies were flying around; untried and untested in Germany; especially with Russia fallen to Communism in the east, and Italy under a fascist regime in the South. ...read more.


The terms of the treaty destroyed this military might, by reducing the amount of soldiers in the army from a few million to 100,000. . Hitler was all for rearmament, which Hitler believed was indispensible in creating a powerful Germany. He hoped to achieve strength through military conquest, gaining 'lebensraum' or 'living space' for the German people. This ideology attracted support from nationalists and the many demobilized soldiers in Germany. Hitler perpetrated the myth that the Weimar politicians had 'stabbed Germany in the back' by signing the treaty of Versailles, thereby inciting hatred of the social democrats and other pro-democratic parties. Many soldiers and members of the public believed that Germany could have won the Great War, urged on in this belief by army generals falsely claiming that the army could have carried the war on successfully. In truth the German army would invariably have been defeated, what with the British naval blockade of German ports stopping essential supplies reaching the military. Conditions were so bad that naval officers mutinied when ordered into a suicidal battle with the British Navy. The truth, however, did not matter to Hitler, as long as he could use the myth to gain more votes. The Nazis party's blatant hatred of Communism attracted the upper and middle classes. ...read more.


Nevertheless he was unable to maintain his position as chancellor, because he failed to get enough support from the Reichstag. Hitler was the only man left for the job, as he had the most legitimate claim towards it because he had the most support from the Reichstag - and the Nazis would probably revolt if he was not given the chancellorship. Franz von Papen assured Hindenburg that if he appointed Hitler as chancellor, and von Papen as vice-chancellor, Hitler, who had no experience of the job, could be controlled by von Papen. In this way, Hitler went from being the leader of an obscure right wing party to the last chancellor of the Weimar Republic. It is intriguing that he achieved this through the support of the German people, using democracy's weaknesses to cause its own downfall. Of course, he capitalized on the opportunities presented by the Great Depression, and it was from then on that the Nazis gained real momentum, but one could say that the Great Depression was a disaster waiting to happen; on the backs of loans taken out to fix the crisis of hyper-inflation, and to pay back reparations. In the end, though, it was a desperate people, searching for hope, guidance, and most of all, strong leadership, who enabled Hitler to reach the height of power with which he could implement his policies, and turn his ideals into reality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    The depression also occurred at a time when people felt that the boom of 1924 would continue. Citizens were promised that Germany would get better and grow to become even more stable and powerful, when suddenly the opposite happened and Germany was thrown into a depression.

  2. How Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933

    They had two major weaknesses that Hitler was able to play upon to gain more support for the Nazi's. I feel the most important of the two was the oppositions failure to co-operate with one another as the other factor (the opposition's failure to deal with the depression)

  1. adolf hitler

    Heinrich Bruening and other senior politicians were worried that Hitler would use his stormtroopers to take power by force. Led by Ernst Roehm, it now contained over 400,000 men. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles the official German Army was restricted to 100,000 men and was therefore outnumbered by the SA.

  2. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as chancellor?

    The Saar Coalmines made a lot of money, and were very profitable to Germany. A big industry had been taken away from Germany. The rest of the Saar district was also taken away from Germany and was handed over to the League of Nations.

  1. Weimar, 1929 - 1933

    Faced with such a situation, it is not surprising that the SPD supported Br´┐Żning. The effect was to push more working class votes to the KPD, as the moderate SPD appeared to be 'abandoning' them. W Carr "He cut wages, salaries and public expenditure, increased consumer-goods taxes and ordered price cuts."

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    Communism could not promise the immediate rewards, which National Socialism offered. Thus National Socialism presented a great challenge to the Communist and Socialist parties. As Peter Hoffman points out: In this situation the Communist promised class warfare and a better, but distant future; the Nazis on the other hand, promised

  1. On 30th January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor and Von Papen was appointed Vice-Chancellor, ...

    They needed a party that would help Germany to recover from her economic crisis. The Nazis weren't very successful in the late 1920's because this period of time, being prior to the economic crisis, the Weimar Government was doing fairly well under the leadership of Stresemann and Germany's future looked hopeful for a while.

  2. Nazi Germany - who supported Hitler and how did he become a dictator?

    Nazi propaganda also contrasted the ?clean and simple? life of the peasants with that of the allegedly corrupt, immoral cities full of crime (which was blamed on the Jews). And the fact that the Nazis despised Weimar culture also gained them some support with some of the conservative people in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work