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Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933?

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Introduction

Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933? After defeat from World War One, Hitler's last assignment for the army was to spy on a political part called the "German Workers Party". The reason being as they were an uprising Marxist party. So Hitler's job was to, exterminate this as communism was the problem, which lead to the starting of world war one. Incidentally Hitler later joined the party, became the leader, and renamed it The National Socialist German Workers Party. He was a very influential figure for the Nazis and in November 1923 he attempted an overthrow of the Weimar Government. His plan was to get into power, as Germany was in hyper-inflation. However little did Hitler know, two months earlier, Gustav Stressemann had been appointed chancellor. And he made a big impact as he had stopped hyper-inflation. This caused the putsch to be a failure. In result of The Putsch failure Hitler was sent to prison. The Nazis had been finished even before they started. However this was the pinnacle moment for the Nazis and Hitler's success. This being because it gave Hitler time to think, and to realise that the only way to get into power was by legal means. He also had time to write a book on his views called "The Mein Kampf". ...read more.

Middle

The rise of extremism in Germany was growing madly due to political violence, Nazis and communists supporters fought in regular battles. 500 hundred people were killed or seriously wounded in a 7-week frenzy of fighting. Things got so hasty due to all the disastrous policies made by the Weimar that the build up of the 1932 elections were going to extreme measures. In the July 1932 elections the Nazis won 37.3 per cent of the vote (230 seats) in the Recihstag. This was their best result ever. They were now by far the largest party. As Hitler saw the Nazis dominance he demanded to be appointed Chancellor. However Hidenburg despised Hitler, but could see the value of trying to use the Nazis for his own needs. Hidenburg appointed Von Papen as chancellor on 4th December 1932. Von Papen had no support in the Reichstag but he hoped that he could create a right-wing coalition government, with the support of the Nazis and other right-wing parties. Hitler refused to co-operate, so Hidenburg called for another election. The November 1932 elections were extremely bad for the Nazis. Apathy was settling in as they were going through financial trouble. So they had to make a public appeal. In an attempt to regain support, the SA and leading Nazis went to church en masse and got a protestant minister to vote and speak for them. ...read more.

Conclusion

But to the point being that the Wall Street Crash was the pin-pointing moment for the Nazis to capture the "Shift of Power" from the Weimar. Hitler went from being called a joke by opposition parties in 1923 to an established figure by 1933. It took him ten years to come from the wilderness, that is pretty remarkable that in such a short time he could turn around and fight back for power from being weakened after the Putsch. When people are unemployed they tend to want radical change and move towards the extreme sides. This worked in Hitler's favour as his hard-work listening to the people had paid off. Hitler's promises were aimed at giving a wide appeal to the public and this was successful for Hitler. One of the major weakness' of the Weimar was not to find any short term solutions for the economic depression, they could not find a clever decision as they did do previously so there reign of power collapsed dramatically. Hitler's clever political manoeuvring and skills of his Leadership were too irresistible for the Weimar to fight against; this gave him his throne of the Chancellorship. Although one has to wonder what would have been of The Nazis if The Wall Street Crash had never happened. Maybe they would have still got into power with Hitler's supreme tactics, or maybe the Nazis and Hitler would still be a Joke. ...read more.

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