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Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

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Introduction

Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933? The worldwide slide into the Great Depression began in October of 1929 after the Wall Street Crash. The effects were felt globally, however Germany suffered to a greater degree as the American banks requested the loans, which were the heart and engine for the German economy and industry. Thousands of businesses were forced to close and as world trade deteriorated, German exports fell in value and the demand collapsed, millions of people lost the jobs and, consequently, the lives to which they were accustomed. The unemployment in Germany from 1925 decreased rapidly. There were several options for different people. For example they could receive normal state unemployment benefit, emergency relief from the government or they could receive support from their local council. Those on emergency relief from the government received a payment lower than the normal unemployment, while the support from the local councils was an even lower allowance still. The Depression influenced several people in many ways: Businessmen were forced to stand aside and watch their businesses terminate. If they managed to keep their business afloat their income would fall as a result of the fact that less people had money to spend on food and clothes. ...read more.

Middle

The Nazi Party was now the major force in German politics. The impact of the depression on Germany fuelled the success of the Nazi Party. Many parties claimed they had elucidations, however it was only the Nazis who managed to convince the Germans they could solve the country's problems. The organisation of the party was partly to blame for this. They were very well organised: many Nazis had been soldiers in the First World War and brought obedience, organisation and teamwork skills to the party. The local workers were well trained and motivated and all the leaders were skilled at every level. The leaders were very skilled with propaganda also. They used all sorts of methods to get their views across. They knew that their anti-Communist stance was very popular and their propaganda caused more fear and hatred of the Communists within the German community. They induced violence at election meetings so that the SA could crush it and be seen 'dealing with the Communist threat'. The Nazi Party received financial backing from big businesses, which meant they could now redouble their propaganda. The Nazis used radio for the first time, as an additional means of communication to the German population. ...read more.

Conclusion

These twists throughout the journey of the Nazi Party have influenced my opinion. The strength of the party and the innate ability of the leaders to speak persuasively in public is also a factor that, I believe, helped to sway the opinions of the German population. This combined with their belief in their own ability for success is a lethal combination for the total domination of a country. Without Hitler I do not believe the party would have had the success that they did. It was Hitler's strong and dominating charisma that shone through at every public occasion. Many statements began with: 'We demand...' which evidently shows the Strength of the party. Although violence was turned to many-a-time throughout their campaign, it was effective in increasing the popularity of the party. The effective use of propaganda during the campaign was ultimately convincing of the German people. Speeches, film, radio, newspapers, and leaflets were just some of the means that were used. Countless promises were made to the citizens of Germany including: jobs, good farm prices, business contracts, youth groups and the termination of the 'Jewish problem'. All of the components I have mentioned are what, I believe, were the most important elements that helped the Nazi party to rise to the top of Germany and gain ultimate power of the German economy. ...read more.

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