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Why did Hitler come to power on the 30th of January?

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Introduction

Why did Hitler come to power on the 30th of January? Hitler became chancellor of Germany on the 30th January 1933 but he was not voted into power because his appointment was 6 months after the Nazis became the largest party in Germany. Therefore there must be other factors involved that led to him coming to power other than those that led to the Nazis being the largest party. The factors can be grouped into those that led to the Nazis growth and those that subsequently led to Hitler becoming chancellor, because without the growth of the Nazis, Hitler could have not come to power. Hitler's rise to power was also assisted by the role of intrigue among the advisors of Hindenburg; the collapse of Weimar democracy; the economic problems in Germany and structure of the Nazi Party. Independently these factors edged Hitler to power but they are all inter-linked together. However although most factors helped the Nazis, Intrigue is the main one that actually led to Hitler's appointment. Hitler's best chance to get power would be if an authoritarian government were already in position to take over than through a democratic government because he wanted to rule without coalition. ...read more.

Middle

By 1933, 1 in 3 were unemployed and they were unsatisfied by the government's attempts to deal with unemployment and much of the unemployed felt abandoned as there was no increases in government help in the form of higher unemployment pay or less taxes. The entire state of the economy was in crisis. In the summer of 1931 5 major banks in Germany went bankrupt therefore many had lost their money and in 1933 agricultural prices were 16% down from their prices in 1913. This led to anger and a sense of gloom that made people listen to the extreme rhetoric and propaganda of the Nazis. The withdrawal of foreign loans around late 1930 helped to boost support for the Nazis in the September elections. The Nazis were able to gain support among farmers, the self-employed and workers. They got support by criticizing the government, as failures were clear. Muller feared hyperinflation and so took a policy of non-intervention and failed to agree on changing the unemployment pay. Bruning used the worsening economical state to end reparations. He did very little to curb the rising unemployment. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore this gave an opportunity to Hitler to come back after refusing to take the vice chancellorship and as his party was in the midst of a collapse. Without intrigue Hitler would have been unable to come to power. Therefore Hitler came to power for one main reason he was heavily involved in intrigue and was the considered the next best thing once the intrigue swung in his direction. Intrigue allowed him to stay involved in the decisions of the elite even when the Nazis were in demise. However the growth of the Nazi Party to the largest party in Germany, as a result of the failure of the previous governments; the Weimar regime failure and the depression which together fuelled the people to listen to the Nazis and vote for them, gave him the opportunity to be considered as a possibility for chancellor. Therefore he became chancellor because of the Nazis became the largest party and so he was considered as chancellor because of this but most importantly because the favour of the elites shifted from Schleicher to Hitler during their discussions behind closed doors. Chitran Selvarajah Mr. Morris L6CPS 1 ...read more.

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