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Why did Hitler fail to gain power in 1923?

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Hopkins J.W.A. 5MS MEG GCSE HISTORY SYLLABUS B Why did Hitler fail to gain power in 1923? In 1923 Germany was still a very disturbed and troubled country. Throughout the country extremist political groups from both ends of the scale were prevalent throughout Germany, while the hyperinflation was at its peak. Belgium and French troops were in the Rhur (the industrial heart of Germany) after Germany had fallen behind in its reparation payments, whose size had only been set in 1921 at the cost of 6600 million deutsche marks to be paid in the form of goods as well as money. At first the French first thought they could use force on the German workers, but were met by a passive resistance supported by the government. ...read more.


By 1921 Hitler had become sole leader of the Nazi party and had made no secret of its violent ideas. Instead of using democracy Hitler believed in the power in the streets. This belief lead to the creation of the nazi private army, the Sturmabteilung (SA) who later became known as the "brown shirts" because of the colour of their shirts. The main support for the party was to be found in the southern state of Baveria. Its membership had increased to over 35000 but it was not even the biggest far right movement in the state however it was the most violent. Hitler believed the prevalent political atmosphere was just right for a march on Berlin and a grab for power. ...read more.


On the 8^th November he moved his men into Munich and forced them into a Beer hall where Kahr was addressing a meeting, attended by Lossow and Seisser. Under gunpoint they were forced to agree to the Putsch. Hitler became very excited by this news and immediately gave a rousing speech before leaving the beer hall, while foolishly allowing Kahr and the others to escape. Hopkin J.W.A. 5MS Once free they ordered their forces to move against the nazis, a large firefight followed and 16 nazis were killed and Hitler fled. This in my opinion is the main reasonha failed to gain power in 1923. He assumed far too many things that he should have properly researched, and then showed himself to be a bad leader by deserting his men in their hour of need. All of this lead to Hitler's failure but it was just a set back, more than anything else. ...read more.

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