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Why did Hitler try to seize control of Munich in 1923?

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Introduction

JANEK SZKODA HISTORY COURSEWORK 10/11/2003 PART (A) Why did Hitler try to seize control of Munich in 1923? On 8th and 9th November 1923, Hitler and his followers attempted to seize control of Munich when they detained the leaders of Bavaria at a political rally in a Munich beer hall. The Putsch that followed failed, however, when the army refused to back the attempt. This effort to seize control of Munich by force was the outcome of several factors. Hitler needed von Kahr's support for the Nazi revolution and Hitler believed that forcing him into this decision was the best way to deal with the situation. One reason I feel, accountable for both the preparation of the march itself and the timing (the reason for it being carried out at that particular time) was the political and economical situation in Germany and Bavaria seemed favourable. A new Weimar government under Gustav Streetman came into conflict with the Bavarian authorities. A clash between the Weimar and Bavarian governments seemed inevitable. This gave Hitler an ideal opportunity to seize control of Munich as Germany was in a position of economic depression and a state of emergency. The timing for the putsch was crucial. Germany was at an all-time low and German people were looking for a "savior". Hitler thought that he would gain their support from the putsch. This, I believe, was the "trigger"; the event that sparked the plan for the putsch. ...read more.

Middle

As well as not being helped by the current stability in Germany, the Nazi party failed to gain support from the other major political parties. The central parties were in support of the Weimar and the communists were never going to help the Nazis. This severely prevented them from widening their publicity and gaining any needed support from the German public. It also had an effect on the Nazis financially and limited funds also meant limited publicity and hence, limited progress. In conclusion, I feel that during the period 1924-1928 the Nazis made little progression because of the stability of Germany through this time. Gustav Stresemann's brilliance secured an unwavering Germany, who were in no need of any extremist solutions. The Nazis were not helped, of course, by the lack of support from other parties. Nonetheless, without the aid of Gustav Stresemann Germany would never have been as economically or politically sound, and Hitler would have been able to gain support through the exploitation of the Weimar Government. As it stood, however, he lost this advantage and Hitler's propaganda "arsenal" was brutally weakened, resulting in unsteady and limited progress through the years 1924-1928. PART (C) The most important reason for the dramatic increase in support for Hitler in the years 1929 - 1933 was the economic depression in Germany." Explain how far you agree with this statement. Between the year's 1929-1933 Hitler saw a rapid increase in the support and progress for the Nazi party. ...read more.

Conclusion

However their blindness towards Hitler's political power and their sheer ignorance, gave Hitler the position he had been working towards and without Von Papen's stupidity I believe Hitler would not have made chancellor in such quick fashion. Hitler's character played a major role in his rise to power. His powerful dictator skills hit the right criteria mark for what people in Germany wanted in a political leader at the time. To conclude, I believe that without the economic depression in Germany, due to the Wall Street crash in 1929, Hitler would not have gained the support he needed to become chancellor of Germany. I think that people in Germany were in a state of worry as the country was suffering the worst hardship it had probably ever seen. This, I think, lead people to believing the only answer was a radical change in the political system, which Hitler provided to a full. However, I do not feel that this reason is the most important. This is because I feel that other parties would have also gained from this, as they would also had been able to exploit the current government and it is only due to Hitler's excellent propaganda skills and ability to exploit the government that gave him the edge over his competitor parties. Hitler was able to "use" a variety of aspects of German life, such as the resentment of the Treaty of Versailles, to make the German public back the Nazi party and hence, secure his position as Chancellor of Germany in 1933. ...read more.

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