• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did international peace collapse by 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did international peace collapse by 1939? When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 he promised many tings to the German people and how he was going to save Germany from the crisis that it was put in by the democratic leaders. His main forewing policy points were: Firstly he wanted to destroy the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler hated the Treaty of Versailles, and thought it was an unfair treaty nearly all of the people in Germany hated the treaty because they lost money, land and most importantly pride in their nation. Most people in Europe also thought the treaty was unfair at this time including Britain and France, so when Hitler began to break the terms of the treaty, he was appeased and allowed to do it. However, if Hitler was going to re-gain everything that Germany had lost because of the Treaty of Versailles, then he was going to have to invade other countries. Secondly he wanted to re-arm. Hitler wanted Germany to be a power in Europe again, and to do this he needed to re-arm. He was given an excuse in the early 1930s when there was great unemployment in Germany. It was the perfect solution to their problems. ...read more.

Middle

The appeasement here, again, was that France did nothing to stop this open breach of Versailles even though an increasingly powerful Germany put large numbers of troops on the France border. In 1938 Hitler went further. He invaded Austria and declared Anschluss. This, too broke the Treaty of Versailles. Again, France and Britain did nothing - even though the Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg asked Britain and France to help. However a large percentage of the British public agreed with appeasement as they thought if they were German they would want to reverse the Treaty of Versailles. Wasn't it reasonable that Germany have an army? The Rhineland belonged to Germany, shouldn't German troops be stationed there? Versailles had given other countries self-determination, why not Austria and Germany? It is the 1938 Sudetenland crisis that is usually presented as appeasement. In 1938, Hitler got the Sudetenland Nazis, led by Henlein, to cause trouble, then he demanded union. But then Chamberlain intervened. Hitler threatened war, but promised that this was the 'last problem to be solved'. Chamberlain decided that Hitler was 'a man who can be relied upon', and persuaded the Czechs to hand over the Sudetenland. ...read more.

Conclusion

Anschluss with Austria, Remilitarisation of the Rhineland and finally the occupation of the Sudetenland are of Czechoslovakia. Hitler's actions almost went unnoticed and unchecked. The depression of the 1930;'s created huge numbers of unemployed and homeless in Germany crisis situations like this lead to the rise of extreme politics e.g. Communism and Nazism and many voted for Hitler in the elections eventually until the Nazis seized power. Appeasement, adopted by the British and French government during the 1930;s meant that Hitler could invade nation and form unions, direct violation the Treaty of Versailles without any reaction from the major powers in Europe during the 1930's as they 'promised they wouldn't show aggression towards Germany. Finally the Nazi-Soviet pact laid the foundations for war as both Germany and Russia had carved up Poland ready for invasion. Because they invaded Britain and France declared war on Germany. In conclusion that the main reason that international peace had collapsed by 1939 was because of Nazi German expansion and territorial gain in central Europe. Hitler's desire for an all powerful empire eventually lead to the invasion of Poland for lebensraum and war. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Gilpin 11B1 5/9/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is a strong essay. However we need to be careful that we are using standard English structure and spelling etc. Also, there is a need to think carefully about a plan for the essay as some points were repeated and other points not highlighted enough.

Marked by teacher Aimee Fitzgerald 21/06/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why was Hitler so Popular in 1933?

    3 star(s)

    there was not a single thing in Germany that nobody could read or see anything that was hostile or damaging to the Nazi Party. Joseph Goebbels was in charge of what went on in music, films, newspapers ECT. All books which had a disapproving impression of Germany were destroyed in public.

  2. Why did World War II break out in 1939?

    Germany found it virtually impossible to pay back the cost of reparations. However, after borrowing money from the USA and handing over mines and land, they managed to pay back the cost of reparations. The consequence of this was the Great Depression.

  1. Women in Nazi Germany

    However, not all women had been in that position and some welcomed the changes. Many women had been educated to believe that it was their duty to stay at home and bring up a family, and now saw the added benefits when they received money for doing so.

  2. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    They were happy to believe there country had been betrayed by cowards or those whom many thought might be disloyal to the country, like the Jews. As we know the Treaty ordered the reduction of the German army. Many of the soldiers who had been demobbed joined the Free Korps.

  1. Was german foreign policy responsible for the outbreak of wwII?

    Lest we forget almost all of these actions went against both the terms of the treaty of Versailles and the Locarno treaties. Does this and ultimately all of Hitler's actions show his intension for World Wide domination and as a result another World War?

  2. HOW FAR DID GERMANY RECOVER UNDER STRESSEMAN

    In Berlin there were more night clubs and more entertainment than there was in Paris. Overall I think Stresemann did help the cultural problems and art grew all around Berlin. There were more tourists coming to see the art. This allowed German's more freedom and made them feel patriotic after world war and the treaty of Versailles.

  1. Why Did War Break Out In 1939?

    This humiliated the country and in consequence would leave the country angry and most likely in want of revenge. Also, the country had to endure many territorial losses as a result of the Treaty of Versailles - the Polish Corridor was formed in collaboration with Wilson's thirteenth point; this split Germany's land into two parts.

  2. Explain the changes involved in creating the Nazi Police State

    They took complete control by putting the police under the command of the SS, and forcing the judges from the legal system to take an oath of loyalty to Hitler. The conventional courts could be used by the Nazis directly against their own opponents, arresting them under minor technicalities such

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work