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Why did it prove impossible to solve the problems created by Balkan nationalism before 1914

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Introduction

Why did it prove impossible to solve the problems created by Balkan nationalism before 1914 Balkan nationalism was apparent in the years leading up to 1914 in two forms: The desire for expansion, or rather, self-determination, within the immediate region, and also in the support of Pan-Slav nationalism (a Russian idea). In the years from 1900 to 1914, this nationalism caused the key problems of mistrust and suspicion between the two great powers of Austria Hungary and Russia, who's conflicting national interests concerning the Balkan states arose from mutual distrust and desire to gain influence in the area and brought to the surface the conflicting national interests of the two countries within the region. The reasons it why it proved impossible to solve these aforementioned issues and soothe the tensions will be the focus of this essay. The Bosnian crisis of 1908 resulted form the annexation of the Balkan provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria Hungary. ...read more.

Middle

The first Balkan war of 1912 was a conflict between the Balkan league of states and their crumbling former Turkish occupiers. The Balkan countries involved, driven by a fierce nationalism, succeeded in defeating the Turks, and thus the problem of insecurity about influence in the Balkans between Austria Hungary was exacerbated. The goals of Austria Hungary were to ensure that the loss of Turkish control in the Balkans didn't result in any strong Balkan nations that could generate nationalist agitation in its own territories. This fear resulted din the creation of the state of Albania, which prevented Serbian access to the sea. The goal of Russia was much at odds with this, as gaining support in the Balkans would coincide nicely with their ideals of Pan Slav nationalism and their desires for a port on the Adriatic. Closely tied with Serbia, the Russians were unhappy with the creation of Albania by the Austria Hungary. ...read more.

Conclusion

This made Austria Hungary nervous, and made Russia even more prepared to support its Balkan ally. The tensions were heightened, even further, and thus the problem between the two powers by the end of 1913 looked even more looming impossible. In conclusion, the problems created by Balkan nationalism proved impossible to solve because of the lack of conclusive and tension-relieving communication between the powers ( the attempts to solve the problems were not compromises and left Russia with face loss), and because of the intrinsically opposite nature of the Russian and Austria-Hungarian desires in the Balkans. The threat posed by Slavic nationalism in Austria Hungary, and the desire for influence and pan Slavic nationalism by Russia were goals too vital to the two countries to be compromised over. The tension and suspicion built up over the three key events mentioned served to make the situation worse, until the countries were on a collision course destined for bloodshed. ?? ?? ?? ?? 5/7/07 Isabel Marden ...read more.

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