• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did it prove impossible to solve the problems created by Balkan nationalism before 1914

Extracts from this document...


Why did it prove impossible to solve the problems created by Balkan nationalism before 1914 Balkan nationalism was apparent in the years leading up to 1914 in two forms: The desire for expansion, or rather, self-determination, within the immediate region, and also in the support of Pan-Slav nationalism (a Russian idea). In the years from 1900 to 1914, this nationalism caused the key problems of mistrust and suspicion between the two great powers of Austria Hungary and Russia, who's conflicting national interests concerning the Balkan states arose from mutual distrust and desire to gain influence in the area and brought to the surface the conflicting national interests of the two countries within the region. The reasons it why it proved impossible to solve these aforementioned issues and soothe the tensions will be the focus of this essay. The Bosnian crisis of 1908 resulted form the annexation of the Balkan provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria Hungary. ...read more.


The first Balkan war of 1912 was a conflict between the Balkan league of states and their crumbling former Turkish occupiers. The Balkan countries involved, driven by a fierce nationalism, succeeded in defeating the Turks, and thus the problem of insecurity about influence in the Balkans between Austria Hungary was exacerbated. The goals of Austria Hungary were to ensure that the loss of Turkish control in the Balkans didn't result in any strong Balkan nations that could generate nationalist agitation in its own territories. This fear resulted din the creation of the state of Albania, which prevented Serbian access to the sea. The goal of Russia was much at odds with this, as gaining support in the Balkans would coincide nicely with their ideals of Pan Slav nationalism and their desires for a port on the Adriatic. Closely tied with Serbia, the Russians were unhappy with the creation of Albania by the Austria Hungary. ...read more.


This made Austria Hungary nervous, and made Russia even more prepared to support its Balkan ally. The tensions were heightened, even further, and thus the problem between the two powers by the end of 1913 looked even more looming impossible. In conclusion, the problems created by Balkan nationalism proved impossible to solve because of the lack of conclusive and tension-relieving communication between the powers ( the attempts to solve the problems were not compromises and left Russia with face loss), and because of the intrinsically opposite nature of the Russian and Austria-Hungarian desires in the Balkans. The threat posed by Slavic nationalism in Austria Hungary, and the desire for influence and pan Slavic nationalism by Russia were goals too vital to the two countries to be compromised over. The tension and suspicion built up over the three key events mentioned served to make the situation worse, until the countries were on a collision course destined for bloodshed. ?? ?? ?? ?? 5/7/07 Isabel Marden ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Explain why events in the Balkans contributed to the growth of international tension in ...

    The ascendancy of Kaiser Wilhelm to the German throne resulted in a dramatic change of direction for German foreign policy: he decided to pursue a policy of gaining an Empire (Weltpolitik) and a navy (Flottenpolitik) to rival that of Great Britain's.

  2. The First World War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan Crisis in ...

    Coupled with the Dual Alliance between France and Russia, Germany had unwittingly encircled herself with enemies on two fronts. By 1914 Germany had isolated herself from all but one power, Austria- Hungary, thanks to her aggressive diplomacy. German encirclement led to a more aggressive policy with her international partners, in an attempt to turn France and Russia into her subordinates.

  1. '"The FirstWorld War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan crisis in the ...

    However, a European war did not break out, as many western-European countries believed that the Balkan Wars (or conflicts) in 1912 and 1913 would be a small eastern-European war which wouldn't last too long all. The previous Balkan crises before 1914 dramatically increased the tension in Europe, thus having a very strong impact on the July 1914 crisis.

  2. "The FirstWorld War was the result of a Badly Mismanaged Balkan Crisis In The ...

    east Europe (to unite all slavs and for a 'Greater Serbia'), in areas where Austria Hungary ruled. By doing so Austria felt threatened as it could affect the unity of their empire. This was because part of their government was made up of Slavs and it was possible they may

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    To what extent did the Balkans settlement of 1913 sow the seeds of World War One? The Balkans - focus of Austro-Serbian rivalries and places where Pan-Germanism Vs Pan-Slavism The 2 Balkan Wars resulted in the Balkan settlements - Ambassadorial Conference (1913)

  2. "The First World War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan Crisis in ...

    The Turks controlled the entire Balkans for centuries. The continued decline of the Turkish Empire throughout the 19th Century created a dangerous power vacuum in the Balkans. If Austria-Hungary did not get what she wanted and Russia and Serbia did, the Austro-Hungarian Empire would disintegrate.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work