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Why did measures against the Jews escalate in Nazi Germany

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Why did measures against the Jews escalate in Nazi Germany? There are two views as to the why the measures against the Jews escalated in Nazi German. The intentionalists believe in the fast fading view that Hitler had intended to commit genocide from the very beginning and he couldn't carry out his plan until Germany had enough power to do so. They also believe that Germany was a monolithic state with one man at the top and everyone obeying his orders, "the road to Auschwitz is straight." This view is fast becoming discredited by another group called the structuralists. The structuralists argue that Hitler didn't have a plan to commit genocide, he didn't know what he was going to do about, "the Jewish problem" until 1941 when their complete extermination was ordered. Germany was a polycratic state with several people and organisations with power. He improvised on what to do and the orders were interpreted in very different ways by his subordinates, "the road to Auschwitz is twisted". This view is now widely believed over the old theory. The result of all this was chaos and inefficiency, with all the leaders fighting with one another to find the best solution. ...read more.


This plan also failed because the British Navy would not allow it to happen. This shows that there was not any policy of extermination at this point as other solutions were being seriously considered, but another solution would have to be found. Because of Cumulative Radicalisation, the "Final Solution" to the Jewish problem would eventually end up with the killing of millions of Jews, but there is no sign that this is the plan from the beginning. Every plan had so far failed, so the Nazis created ghettos to store the Jews until another solution could be found. One of the biggest ghettos was the Warsaw ghetto with a quarter of a millions Jews in it. Because of this temporary solution to the Jewish problem this shows that Hitler didn't really know what he wanted to do with the Jews at this point. As he was "storing" them and waiting for a decision to be made, he could not have had the idea to kill them at this time. When the war broke out in 1939 it eliminated a solution that had previously been adopted, this was emigration. Jews could no longer leave Germany and the persecution, but were forced to stay. ...read more.


This proves that it was not Hitler's intention at this time to commit genocide. The nature of Nazism and Nazi ideals caused things to escalate because they were so racist, that they wanted only Aryan people in their Germany. So ultimately everyone who did not fit this description would be disposed of at one time or another. Jews were the most hated by the Nazis and as the war went on it was clear that they were becoming more and more radical because of the changing circumstances around them. Although they did not plan the extermination of the Jews they wanted something to be done about them and it was not until 1941 that they came to the "Final Solution". When trying to come to a conclusion there is a problem with the evidence in sources that we study. The Nazis were very good at covering their tracks and thus Hitler rarely gave direct orders. He spoke in "code language" that was interpreted by his subordinates in different ways. It is hard to come to a concise verdict but we know that many events took place trying to deal with the Jews. Only after these had failed were the Nazis forced to take more drastic action. ?? ?? ?? ?? Coursework Essay Phil Durrant - 1 - ...read more.

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