• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did medical care need to be improved during the early 19th century

Extracts from this document...


Medicine Coursework The sources partly explain why Medical Care, Surgery and Nursing needed to be improved during the 19th Century. During the early 19th Century Surgery needed to be improved because 80% of people who had surgery would die during or soon after the surgery had taken place. During surgery there was very little done to stop pain, and surgeons thought that the best option was to go for speed so that the pain was a quick as possible, unfortunately many patience bled to death during their operation because nothing was put in place to stop blood loss. If people were lucky enough to survive their operation then they would probably end up dying in aftercare, Hospitals were far and few between and mostly in big cities, and they were very dirty, smelly and germ infested places to be, hospitals were probably the worst place to be when recovering from an operation. Nursing needed to be improved during the early 19th Century because most nurses were seen as drunken prostitutes who didn't care for their patience but only for themselves, they didn't really care for looking after the patients and attending to their needs and they would even take the patients medication and drink for themselves, so the lack of aftercare of an operation was a big killer for patience. ...read more.


The fact that she is asleep in her chair could indicate that she has taken the patients medication and drink that he would have to soothe the pain, there was very little other than alcohol available in the early 19th Century to ease pain, and that fact that she is asleep indicated that she has drank it, this can be backed up because the patient looks like he is on a lot of pain and unable to do anything but suffer. The nurse appears to be fat, unhealthy, and as if she is not even able to look after herself, let alone another person, this also gives more of an impression that this is a cartoon based on the early 19th Century because nurses at that time were seen as dirty drunken prostitutes. Another reason that this would be showing nursing from the early 19th Century is because of the work of Florence Nightingale and how she improved nursing, hospitals and nurses in the later years of the 19th Century. Source B is a part of a book from a colleague of Joseph Lister, about what the conditions were like in hospitals. The article is about Hygiene and how it needed to be improved within the hospital, from a book called "From Lister as I Knew Him". The colleague is called John Rudd Leeson and the book was published in 1927. ...read more.


By the end of the 19th Century most of the problems mentioned in the Sources had been solved, but the sources do not explain this, making them only partly useful. The improvers that made the improvements were Edward Jenner, who introduced vaccination in 1796; he gave a young boy cowpox and then attempted to give him smallpox, which he found stopped people getting smallpox. There was also Joseph Lister who invented Antiseptic, using carbolic acid to stop germs getting into wounds and amputations. Then there was Louis Pasteur who experimented and found out that microbes floating in the air could make things go bad, people started to believe the same for humans and the fact that carbolic acid was used to stop the spread of disease and to stop microbes getting to wounds, then people began to believe this too. There was also Robert Kock who was able to show microbes causing blood poisoning in 1872 and this is when people started to believe that the spread of germs caused infection and deaths. One of the most important improvers in my opinion was Florence Nightingale, she was a nurse who managed to open schools to train other nurses in the art of medicine and treatment, she managed to improve hospitals dramatically and after she did, very few patients died from aftercare. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Black Country Living Museum gives an accurate representation of what life would be ...

    and even vets were brought to the chemist to be checked treated and looked after. Chain Makers house- The Chain maker's house, used to be one of a pair originally situated alongside Gregory's Stores in Lawrence Lane, Old Hill. It was the first house to be reconstructed at the Museum and is a typical example of late Victorian worker's housing.

  2. How significant was James Simpsons role in solving the problem of surgery during the ...

    It was very much up to chance that Simpson survived the chloroform dosage he administered to himself. If he had inhaled too much, subsequently passing away from an overdose, chloroform would have been seen as a dangerous substance. However, if Simpson had inhaled slightly less it would not have put him to sleep.

  1. Olympics More Than Just A Sport

    Whereas, when the London 2012 Olympic arrive, the Stadium after has no guarantee of being used because of the difference in numbers living there, and actually having the time to use it, as London is classed as being one of the busiest cities of the world.

  2. Friars Bush - The sights and the supporting sources (A-J), fully explain the social ...

    Overcrowding, poor ventilation, defective sewage systems and accumulation of filth in narrow back yards were the causes of these spreading diseases. Belfast's population arose from 19,000 and 415,000, between 1801 and 1926. According to source F, 'next to Dublin, no town in Ireland...Has been so severely visited.'

  1. Of Mice and Men

    So although you may plan your dreams and ambitions they may at times leave you left with nothing but pain when you'd hoped to achieve them. Lennie's love of "mice" and the petting of soft things -like a child- always get him into trouble and is the reasons that dreams are broken.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    It was also more reliable than Pasteur?s liquid culture. 1. He used industrial dyes to stain the microbes so they could be seen under the microscope 1. He attached a camera lens to his microscope to PHOTOGRAPH the microbe Pasteur?s Discoveries/Experiments: Chicken Cholera, 1880[ak] Background info: It was definitely needed,

  1. Revision notes - US History. Major events and personalities of the early ...

    federal laws null & void Where: South Carolina When: 1828 Why: South disliked the Tariff of Abominations Significance: Furthered the disputes between north and south Point of Interest: Federal laws are numb Connection: Early signs of civil war Second Great Awakening: Who: Americans, Preachers (ex.

  2. History of plastic surgery; how plastic surgery became a usual thing in Korea

    War played a huge role in the history of plastic surgery. World War I presented physicians with scores of severe facial wounds and burns, changing the history of plastic surgery. Modern weapons caused types and severity of injuries that were unprecedented in the history of plastic surgery.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work