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Why did medical care need to be improved during the early 19th century

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Medicine Coursework The sources partly explain why Medical Care, Surgery and Nursing needed to be improved during the 19th Century. During the early 19th Century Surgery needed to be improved because 80% of people who had surgery would die during or soon after the surgery had taken place. During surgery there was very little done to stop pain, and surgeons thought that the best option was to go for speed so that the pain was a quick as possible, unfortunately many patience bled to death during their operation because nothing was put in place to stop blood loss. If people were lucky enough to survive their operation then they would probably end up dying in aftercare, Hospitals were far and few between and mostly in big cities, and they were very dirty, smelly and germ infested places to be, hospitals were probably the worst place to be when recovering from an operation. Nursing needed to be improved during the early 19th Century because most nurses were seen as drunken prostitutes who didn't care for their patience but only for themselves, they didn't really care for looking after the patients and attending to their needs and they would even take the patients medication and drink for themselves, so the lack of aftercare of an operation was a big killer for patience. ...read more.


The fact that she is asleep in her chair could indicate that she has taken the patients medication and drink that he would have to soothe the pain, there was very little other than alcohol available in the early 19th Century to ease pain, and that fact that she is asleep indicated that she has drank it, this can be backed up because the patient looks like he is on a lot of pain and unable to do anything but suffer. The nurse appears to be fat, unhealthy, and as if she is not even able to look after herself, let alone another person, this also gives more of an impression that this is a cartoon based on the early 19th Century because nurses at that time were seen as dirty drunken prostitutes. Another reason that this would be showing nursing from the early 19th Century is because of the work of Florence Nightingale and how she improved nursing, hospitals and nurses in the later years of the 19th Century. Source B is a part of a book from a colleague of Joseph Lister, about what the conditions were like in hospitals. The article is about Hygiene and how it needed to be improved within the hospital, from a book called "From Lister as I Knew Him". The colleague is called John Rudd Leeson and the book was published in 1927. ...read more.


By the end of the 19th Century most of the problems mentioned in the Sources had been solved, but the sources do not explain this, making them only partly useful. The improvers that made the improvements were Edward Jenner, who introduced vaccination in 1796; he gave a young boy cowpox and then attempted to give him smallpox, which he found stopped people getting smallpox. There was also Joseph Lister who invented Antiseptic, using carbolic acid to stop germs getting into wounds and amputations. Then there was Louis Pasteur who experimented and found out that microbes floating in the air could make things go bad, people started to believe the same for humans and the fact that carbolic acid was used to stop the spread of disease and to stop microbes getting to wounds, then people began to believe this too. There was also Robert Kock who was able to show microbes causing blood poisoning in 1872 and this is when people started to believe that the spread of germs caused infection and deaths. One of the most important improvers in my opinion was Florence Nightingale, she was a nurse who managed to open schools to train other nurses in the art of medicine and treatment, she managed to improve hospitals dramatically and after she did, very few patients died from aftercare. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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