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Why did opposition to Apartheid grow during the 1950s and 1960s in South Africa?

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Introduction

South Africa Question 4 Why did opposition to Apartheid grow during the 1950s and 1960s in South Africa? The reason opposition grew to Apartheid was because the black South African lives had got so bad and fed up off been treated as second-class citizens. They had good strong leaders and organisations like the ANC and overseas support. The Defiance Campaign (1952) was a peaceful mass protest against the Apartheid laws. It began in June in the Eastern Cape, where volunteers wearing ANC armbands ignored "European Only" signs and allow them selves to be arrested. More than 8000 arrests were made and the ANC kept their protests peaceful. However in October rioting broke out and both blacks and white were killed. The government introduced new laws to stop this including up to 3 years in jail. However in 1952 the ANC members but the harsh new measures taken by the government bought the campaign to an end. ...read more.

Middle

6) Scrap the Pass laws. All people must be free to choose where they live and work, to meet together and speak freely. 7) There must be equal pay for equal work. 8) Non-whites should have free education that is good as white peoples education. 9) Better houses, more food, free medical care and better water supplies. 10) Let there be peace and friendship among all South Africans. These were so basic that every true democracy had them in the world. The government decided that the "Freedom Charter" was a high act of treason. In 1956 the government arrested 156 people and charge them under the "Suppression of Communism Act". The "Treason Trial" lasted from 1956 - 1961 and all defendants were founded not guilty. The ANC had very good and strong leaders such as Walter Sisulu. He was the secretary of the ANC and one of the founders of the Youth league. ...read more.

Conclusion

The rise of African Nationalism and the opposition to Apartheid was because of things like Macmillan's speech "wind of change" where he said the British government didn't agree with Apartheid and warned them they couldn't ignore blacks demands. As - well during the 1950s and 1960s there were campaigns in America for black civil rights lead by Martin Luther King and Malcolm X who encouraged people to look that the roots of racism and why black people were treated as second class citizens around the world. Also there was increasing criticism from the UN and in 1963 the organisation of African Unity expelled South Africa and asked its member to close their air space to South Africa planes. In 1964 South Africa was banned from the Olympic games and Britain banned arms sale to South Africa. There was huge worldwide media coverage of the massacre of Sharpeillve, which raised awareness and opposition to Apartheid. Also in Africa, countries gained their independence. This all gave confidence and support from overseas countries, gave the black people hope and something too fright for. Mizanur Rahman ...read more.

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