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Why did opposition to British rule in India grow in the years 1919 1933?

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Introduction

In 1919 as the war ended expectations of the Indians began to be crushed by the attitude of the British and this created more disappointment amongst Indians and many now began to oppose the British rule of India and felt it was time for the British to leave India and began demanding for Home Rule. Unrest amongst Indians increased and made it harder for the British to control India so they decided to investigate and report on the situation of India and later the passed the report to the Rowlatt Acts which extended the Defence of India Act into peacetime. The Rowlatt Acts were a serious mistake and a major turning point in the movement for Home Rule. They proved that the promises made by the Montagu Declaration and the Government of India Act meant nothing. The Acts suggested that the British were not going to give away control of India. This changed the way the campaigns for Home Rule were carried out and led to the emergence of Gandhi who influenced Congress to take a more non violent civil disobedience and made a stand against the British authorities. ...read more.

Middle

Congress immediately started a campaign against the new laws and they began to gain major support and started multiple peaceful protests against the British. The Government of India Act was criticised for only giving 2.8 percent of the Indians could vote. The Provincial Assemblies soon found out that they did not have enough money to perform their duties. Congress did not accept this Act and this was a major problem because Congress had now become a national movement and the British in future needed permission of Congress if they decided to make any radical changes to the way India governs itself. Gandhi emerged at this time and began to lead peaceful protests. Congress demanded Home rule and Swaraj (Self control and Self rule). He gathered support and became very popular as he began to involve the lower caste and poorly educated Indians into the Congress Movement for the first time. Gandhi organised a massive non co-operation campaign as Congress members started to boycott British goods and adopted a policy of swadeshi which meant buying Indian goods and encourage Indians to make their own. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Round Table Conference discussed the possible ways in which India could be granted Independence but no further steps were taken. Many Indians were disappointed when Gandhi returned with no Independence, the protest had been called off and Jinnah began to lose faith in Congress. By this stage Home rule was not what the Indians wanted; they began to demand for full Independence. As the third Round Table Conference again resulted in no further steps the opposition grew with frustration and began to get bigger. I think that the opposition in India grew because the demands of Indians increased rapidly but the British were always one step behind and did not offer more to the Indians at the right time therefore the opposition increasingly got frustrated with the British. The British also did not make themselves look good because of the Amritsar Massacre and arresting 60,000 Congress members. The Rowlatt Acts also increased anger amongst Indians along with the growing concerns of the recession in the early 1920's. ?? ?? ?? ?? Why did opposition to British rule in India grow in the years 1919 - 1933? ...read more.

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